Angola ▫ Bangladesh ▫
Central African Republic ▫ Chad ▫
Chechnya & Neighbouring Republics RF ▫
Côte D'Ivoire Plus Three ▫
Democratic People's Republic of Korea ▫
Democratic Republic of the Congo ▫
Great Lakes Region and Central Africa
▫ Grenada ▫
Haiti ▫ Indonesia ▫ Iran ▫
Liberia ▫ Madagascar ▫
territory ▫ Philippines ▫
Sierra Leone ▫
Southern Africa Region ▫
West Africa ▫
EMBARGOED TO THE MEDIA UNTIL TUESDAY 18 NOVEMBER 2003, 1100 HRS NEW YORK TIME
For Somalis, prolonged uncertainty about their future has inhibited their ability to cope and complicated reconstruction and development efforts.
For the twelfth year, Somalis have no central government, despite hopes arising from the Somalia National Reconciliation Conference of 2002.
Somalis still face extreme poverty and underdevelopment. They consistently rank among the lowest in the world on key indicators of human development, life expectancy, per capita income, malnutrition and infant mortality.
Somalis also suffer widespread human rights violations, including: murder, rape, looting and destruction of property, child soldiering, kidnapping, discrimination against minorities, torture, female genital mutilation, unlawful arrest and detention, and denial of due process.
Severe and chronic drought, as well as flooding, combined with insecurity, frequently disrupt farming.
The prolonged combination of these factors has eroded food security and livelihood capacities, impeded recovery and rendered many areas inaccessible to aid agencies.
Malnutrition rates in some areas remain at humanitarian crisis levels, which are considered 'normal' for Somalia.
The deterioration of traditional livelihoods has forced thousands to migrate to urban areas in search of employment. Conditions they meet there are only marginally better.
Basic coping mechanisms, including remittances from abroad and social security networks based on clan and kinship allow the chronically vulnerable – totalling about 750,000 – to maintain a fingerhold on survival.
The most acutely vulnerable include about 350,000 IDPs, more than 460,000 returnees and tens of thousands of Somalis from minority groups.
Helping the vulnerable
Projects in this CAP will to the greatest extent possible focus on meeting the needs of the acutely vulnerable groups of IDPs, returnees and minorities.
About 70,000 to 100,000 ex-combatants are also to be re-integrated into society.
The United Nations and participating NGOs will continue to work closely with local authorities and communities towards the following three strategic goals:
Plans in this appeal are based on the expectation that humanitarian and recovery needs will not significantly change within the year, whatever the outcomes of the Somalia National Reconciliation Conference.
The inter-agency programme outlined in the appeal will cost the United Nations and participating NGOs US$ 110,616,825 in 2004.