Angola ▫ Bangladesh ▫
Central African Republic ▫ Chad ▫
Chechnya & Neighbouring Republics RF ▫
Côte D'Ivoire Plus Three ▫
Democratic People's Republic of Korea ▫
Democratic Republic of the Congo ▫
Great Lakes Region and Central Africa ▫
Haiti ▫ Indonesia ▫ Iran ▫
Liberia ▫ Madagascar ▫
territory ▫ Philippines ▫
Sierra Leone ▫
Southern Africa Region ▫
West Africa ▫
The aim of this Flash Appeal is to mobilize resources for emergency
relief and early recovery needs of the Haitian people following the
disastrous floods of 17-18 September 2004, which affected areas of
According to the official figures from the Civil Protection Directorate, 1,514 people have been killed, 952 are still missing, and 2,600 were injured. The total number of people affected to one degree or other is estimated to 300,000. This is the basic figure used in the appeal except where sectoral analyses are already sufficiently advanced to allow a more precise estimate of victims and therefore already a more targeted response.
After the floods of 17 and 18 September, the Government of Haiti has appointed a Joint Commission (Comité Mixte de Coordination d’aide de solidarité aux victimes du désastre), made up of the Ministers of the Interior, Agriculture, the Secretary of State for Environment, Finances and Haitians Living Abroad, the Director of the Red Cross, and some private sector representatives. The Minister of the Interior provides the overall coordination of the Committee, and the Minister of Agriculture (MoA) is Deputy Coordinator for operational purposes. This commission has actively coordinated the initiatives of the Government and has played a critical role in the preparation of this Flash Appeal. As a result, the appeal is launched jointly by the Government of Haiti and United Nations leading agencies, and will be implemented by a large number of stakeholders from the Government, UN agencies, NGOs, and civil society.
The international community has reacted with distributions of food and water and the provision of immediate medical attention in spite of a very complex security situation. These efforts to date have been insufficient to meet the immediate needs of the population. There will be significant needs for international support in the rehabilitation phase after the immediate humanitarian crisis. The hospital and many schools and other state buildings have been badly damaged or destroyed.
Haiti’s political instability in 2004 has exacerbated the vulnerabilities created by chronic poverty and environmental degradation. The current transitional government, appointed in March, faces formidable challenges and is politically fragile. Its main task is to steer a process of transition leading to the election of new authorities in 2005.
In addition, the severe environmental degradation that has taken place in Haiti during the last decades has dramatically increased the country’s vulnerability to natural hazards, exposing it to major disaster risks. A direct result of the erosion of natural resources and the degradation of highly sensitive ecosystems upstream, have led to an increased frequency of land slides and floods downstream with major physical, economic and social damages as a consequence. Disasters in May 2004 in Fonds Verettes and Mapou (over 2,000 deaths), and more recently in Gonaives, illustrate these development pressures.
The total financing needs for the implementation of the Flash Appeal over the period October 2004 – March 2005 amount to US$ 32 million. These needs have been calculated separately from the development needs presented in the Interim Cooperation Framework (ICF) launched in July 2004 by the Government of Haiti.
Summary of requirements by
Summary of Requirements by Sector
The socio-economic and political crisis that marred an aborted transition to democracy culminated with the departure of President Aristide on 29 February 2004. Haitians are now in urgent need of humanitarian assistance and protection following the recent violence. These new needs add to an already heavy burden from years of structural poverty, political dysfunction, and environmental degradation.
The current crisis in Haiti is characterized by:
population and to quickly establish the basics for rehabilitation of social services and economic
recovery. Urgent needs are for food aid, health, nutrition, water and sanitation, education, and public security. Projects to facilitate recovery are those that seek to restore stocks, rehabilitate infrastructures, build capacities; advocacy for human rights and humanitarian principles; disarmament; and conflict resolution.
The timeframe of the Flash Appeal is six months, taking into account the difficulties to access affected populations due to insecurity and poor transportation infrastructure. In addition, rehabilitation projects should be put in place rapidly. United Nations agencies will work in partnership with non-governmental agencies and the Red Cross movement to implement these projects, as well as the relevant public administrations, in particular for education, health and security services.
The United Nations and its partners are appealing for US$ 35 million to meet urgent humanitarian needs and establish the basis for recovery in the next six months for the Haitian people.
Note: The Flash Appeal will be revised regularly following needs assessments and in accordance with the evolution of the crisis. Revisions to the Appeal may include projects from other partners. Updates and revisions to the Appeal can be found on www.reliefweb.int/appeals
UN Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeal for