Angola ▫ Bangladesh ▫
Central African Republic ▫ Chad ▫
Chechnya & Neighbouring Republics RF ▫
Côte D'Ivoire Plus Three ▫
Democratic People's Republic of Korea ▫
Democratic Republic of the Congo ▫
Great Lakes Region and Central Africa ▫
Haiti ▫ Indonesia ▫ Iran ▫
Liberia ▫ Madagascar ▫
territory ▫ Philippines ▫
Sierra Leone ▫
Southern Africa Region ▫
West Africa ▫
EMBARGOED TO THE MEDIA UNTIL TUESDAY 18 NOVEMBER 2003, 1100 HRS NEW YORK TIME
Some 37 people died and most of the population of Grenada was affected to a greater or lesser extent. Of the six parishes, St. Andrew, St. David, St. Georges and St. John were completely devastated, and the destruction is very striking in all remaining parishes as well. Approximately 90% of the houses were damaged or destroyed; according to government estimates, some 50% of the population is now homeless.
Government buildings, the main prison, hospitals, schools and churches did not escape the fury of the hurricane. Consequently, most of the ministries and public services were paralyzed for several days immediately following the hurricane. The official residences of both the Governor General (Head of State) and the Prime Minister (Head of Government) were destroyed. The homes of many senior government ministers also suffered extensive damage. Utilities services such as water, power and telecommunications were severely disrupted.
As of 24 September, some 90% of the water supply system has been restored but some access and quality problems remain. Telephone connections are limited and are primarily mobile. The local power company faces a mammoth task to restore the power sector. Although the main generator is still operational, most of the distribution lines were damaged and a great number of electric cables and poles are lying on the roads and fields, posing a direct threat to the safety of the population and the circulation of vehicles. The government has made an effort to restore power to hospitals and government buildings, but it will take 6-12 months to rehabilitate the power supply system and reestablish power to the entire country.
Medical facilities and equipment were also affected, and so were stocks of medical supplies. The lack of power poses a serious challenge for health care of patients such as diabetics, whose medication requires refrigeration at health clinics. Although medical personnel are not in short supply because of volunteers from other islands, transportation for health personnel is a challenge due to the extensive damage to many vehicles. Cases of diarrhoea have been reported and there is a concern that this might worsen if water supply and sanitation facilities do not improve.
Two and a half weeks after the
disaster, food shortages and distribution continue to be a major
An important part of Grenada’s food basket consists of rice and beans, and stocks are running low. It is expected that food assistance will be necessary, at least until people are able to partially restore their livelihood.
There is an urgent need to assist approximately 40% of the population to return to their damaged homes: this will free up shelters, many of which are schools in need of immediate repairs.
The agricultural sector has been decimated. Of particular concern is the destruction of cash crops and nutmeg (nutmegs account for 80% of agricultural exports). It takes at least seven years for nutmeg trees, when replanted, to grow and bear fruit. Consequently, Grenada faces a long-term decline in its foreign exchange earning capacity.
This grim picture extends to the fishing sector, with a considerable number of boats, equipment and icemakers lost or damaged, and fisherfolk in dire need of immediate assistance. Loss of livelihoods and income are also paramount concerns given the impacts and danger to tourism and agriculture sectors, the “twin pillars” of the Grenadian economy. It is estimated that over 60% of employment in the tourism industry is now likely lost, affecting the youth and women.
There has been a major
environmental disaster with many forested areas destroyed, negatively
This Flash Appeal covers six
months (from 1 October 2004 – 31 March 2005), and its projects will be
implemented within that period. It intends to respond to the urgent
humanitarian needs of the
Projects to facilitate recovery involve the creation of quick impact projects (QIP) at the community level, to generate employment and rebuild capacities. Food aid is not included in this Flash Appeal but is part of the Emergency Appeal launched by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) on 15 September 2004.
United Nations agencies will work in partnership with non-governmental agencies and the Red Cross movement to implement these projects, as well as with the relevant public sector institutions, particularly those responsible for housing, infrastructure, education, health and agriculture. The United Nations and its partners are appealing for US$ 27.6 million to meet urgent humanitarian needs and establish the basis for recovery in the next six months for the people of Grenada.
Note: The Flash Appeal will be
revised as required following needs assessments and in accordance with the
evolution of the situation. Revisions to the Appeal may include projects
from other partners.
Summary of Requirements