Angola ▫ Bangladesh ▫
Central African Republic ▫ Chad ▫
Chechnya & Neighbouring Republics RF ▫
Côte D'Ivoire Plus Three ▫
Democratic People's Republic of Korea ▫
Democratic Republic of the Congo ▫
Great Lakes Region and Central Africa ▫
Haiti ▫ Indonesia ▫ Iran ▫
Liberia ▫ Madagascar ▫
territory ▫ Philippines ▫
Sierra Leone ▫
Southern Africa Region ▫
West Africa ▫
EMBARGOED TO THE MEDIA UNTIL TUESDAY 18 NOVEMBER 2003, 1100 HRS NEW YORK TIME
An estimated 1.7 million people are unlikely to be able to feed themselves in Eritrea in 2004, and will face a humanitarian catastrophe unless they receive assistance.
A similar number have been affected by water shortages. Eritrea has suffered four years of drought. Rains in 2003 were below average and erratic, resulting in crop failure and loss of livestock.
In 2003, Eritrea will have produced about 20 per cent of its annual food needs, and the Government lacks economic means to fill the gap.
Both the drought and the border conflict with Ethiopia have eroded household coping mechanisms and safety nets that would normally prevent starvation.
This has left two thirds of the population living below the poverty line.
Due to this, the emergency need for 75,000 IDPs and expellees, living in and outside camps, remains a priority.
In addition, over 186,000 IDPs who have recently returned as well as approximately 35,000 refugees in Sudan expected to return will require humanitarian assistance.
Malnutrition rates, both acute and chronic, remain unacceptably high. Current levels demand blanket supplementary feeding for children aged under five.
Malnutrition in women of reproductive age has risen in all provinces to unacceptable levels. This increases risks of maternal morbidity and mortality, which are already high.
Many communities lack access to potable water, posing a major threat to people's health and lives.
Framework for saving lives
The Eritrea CAP 2004 provides a framework for life saving assistance in
the context of a continuing emergency, resulting from recurrent drought,
border conflict with Ethiopia, and a high level of poverty.
Humanitarian partners in Eritrea are appealing for a total of US$ 147,239,028.