is to treat people unequally or unfairly because of some reason
which they cannot help, or which is not relevant to the matter
in hand. For instance, to pay two people differently for doing
the same job simply because one is a woman, or black, or a
Muslim, or speaks with a different accent. There are other
sorts of unfair discrimination - because of your religion,
disability, age, because you speak a different language, or
because of your political opinions.
because of race or skin color or where ancestry originates
is called racism.
because you are male or female (your gender) is called sexism.
often happens because people make decisions about other people
which are not based on genuine reasons, ie they are prejudiced.
Usually they think the other person is automatically inferior
because of their race, religion or gender etc. Stereotyping
is to assume that all people from a certain group or societal
segment possess the same characteristics. If you hear someone
say, "All (group X people) are lazy" (or noisy,
or untrustworthy), that's a stereotype.
aim of the United Nations is to help all people, individually
and as groups, to be valued equally and treated fairly. The
UN has produced many declarations and conventions which set
people's rights .
1.3 of the UN Charter provides ". . . fundamental freedoms
for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion".
of the countries which are UN members must let their citizens
know these rights and how to obtain them. Knowing your rights
is one step towards overcoming discrimination.