on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
New York, 1948
|Treaties you might not expect|
This convention declares genocide a crime under international law. It defines what genocide is, and condemns this crime whether it's committed in peacetime or wartime.
The convention defines genocide as any act committed with the idea of destroying in whole or in part a national, ethnic, racial or religious group. This includes such acts as:
According to this convention, anyone charged with genocide will be put on trial by either:
Under the Rome Statue of the International Criminal Court, genocide can be decided by legal principles or by a court of justice.
Genocide is not to be considered a political crime for the purpose of extraditing those accused of the crime. When that happens, the countries or courts involved in the case pledge themselves to grant extradition.
The Genocide Convention, unlike most other human rights treaties, doesn't establish an expert committee, or an organization to monitor its provisions. Instead, it allows any country that is party to the Convention to ask the relevant parts of the UN to take appropriate action (according to the UN Charter) to prevent or stop acts of genocide. This makes it possible to bring the issue before the International Court of Justiceand the court may order immediate protective measures to be taken while other steps are begun.