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23.

Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.

Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.

Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.


PLAIN LANGUAGE VERSION:
You have the right to work, to be free to choose your work, to get a salary which allows you to support your family. If a man and a woman do the same work, they should get the same pay. All people who work have the right to join together to defend their interests.

Illustrated version

NOTES:
Your place of work should be safe and the terms of your employment should be fair.

DEFINITIONS:
trade union is an organized association of workers formed to protect and further their interests.

MORE:
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
The United Nations International Labour Organisation
International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, 1990
QUESTIONS AND ACTIVITIES


Describe a workplace, such as a factory or a restaurant, to the students. The workers in this site decide to present a number of demands to the owners: having a say in management; increasing wages; pay in sickness or injury; improving safety measures; offering training programmes to upgrade their skills; extending rest time. Divide the class into two teams: employers and employees. Each team has to specify its demands, its position towards the other party, and its expectations of the other's positions and reactions. Ask each team to choose a representative to negotiate with the other party. After the act, discuss with the students their roles: How were they difficult? Why? Try the same excercise, reversing the roles.
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