Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
PLAIN LANGUAGE VERSION:
If someone hurts you, you have the right to go to another country and ask it to protect you. You lose this right if you have killed someone and if you, yourself, do not respect what is written here.
Asylum is shelter from danger. A person might feel danger in times of war but also when threatened by intolerant governments. In such cases, a person might choose to leave their country and seek asylum, or become a refugee, in another country.
A refugee, according to UNHCR, is a person who has left their country due to a well-founded fear of persecution because of race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or social group.
Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (1951)
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Many well-known people are refugees. Can you think of a few? You can read briefly about a few of these on the UNHCR web-site: http://www.unhcr.ch/
Find out more about these people: what forced them to seek asylum? what have they accomplished?
Each State interprets this article in its own way. Granting asylum to a person is something that states have done entirely at their own discretion. Write an essay on the position of your government on this issue.