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10.

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.


PLAIN LANGUAGE VERSION:
If you go on trial this should be done in public. The people who try you should not let themselves be influenced by others.

Illustrated version

NOTES:
Everybody must have a fair chance to state his or her case. This refers to criminal cases as well as civil disputes, as when one person sues another. A public hearing is one in which the defendent is present and the evidence is presented before him or her as well as his or her family and community.

DEFINITIONS:
independent and impartial mean that the court should judge each case fairly on the basis of evidence and the rule of law, and not to favor either side of a case for political reasons.
QUESTIONS AND ACTIVITIES


Dramatize a court room in your classroom using two different scenarios. One person in your class is being falsely accused of an offence, such as littering. The charges are being brought by a group of three or four students. Pick students to represent that group and ask them to write up the charges. In the first scenario, there are no defending attorneys and the accused can not defend him or herself. No one else in the class is allowed to voice an opinion. Ask the accusers to state the case to a student judge and have the judge make a decision only on that basis. Now, in the second scenario, allow the defendant to speak, allow him or her to choose a defence team and allow other individuals in the class to state their opinion. You can appoint a new judge or appoint an impartial jury of three or four to give the final verdict of guilty or not guilty. At the end of these scenarios, discuss the differences between the two procedures.
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