New York City,
New York is a major business, cultural and retail center in the United States and a leading world center for trade and finance. It is a unique city that attracts visitors and immigrants from allover the world. Its population in 1995 reached 16.3 million and it currently has a positive annual growth rate of 0.3%. Its population has not grown constantly, however. The population reached 16.2 million in 1970 and then declined to 15.6 in 1980. It was only after 1980 that the population began to grow again.
Finance, insurance and real estate have been the largest contributors to the city's economy. While it is a strong financial centre, unemployment can sometimes reach high peaks, as in 1985 when over half the region's residents were unemployed. With sky-high prices, housing is a serious problem in the central city. Estimates of the number of homeless in Manhattan alone run as high as 90,000.
Waste is another serious problem. New York City generates 23,600 metric tons of waste every day. The problem is in its disposal. Environmental problems have made the city reconsider its waste disposal system which consisted of 8 incinerators to burn waste and 11 landfill sites in which to dump them. Now most of the disposal takes place in a few major dump sites, including the massive (1,214 hectares) Fresh Kills Landfill on Staten Island. The question remains, where will the waste go after that site is full and closed?