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is near-universal agreement that prevention is preferable to cure,
and that strategies of prevention must address the root causes of
conflicts, not simply their violent symptoms."
From the Millennium Report
year 2000 marks 55 years without a conflict between the world’s
major powers, the
longest such period in the history of the modern system of States.
year 2000 also marks the end of a decade in which civil wars, ethnic
cleansing and actions of genocide—fuelled
by weapons widely available in the global arms bazaar—claimed
more than 5 million lives, many or most of them civilians.
one third of all countries in the world have experienced violent
conflict in the past 10 years.
the 1990s deadly conflict cost the international community an estimated
not including the untold cost to the countries concerned, where
economic development has been set back by decades.
than 40 eminent diplomats and senior United Nations officials are
currently assigned by the Secretary-General as special representatives,
special envoys or advisers to head peacekeeping or peace-building
missions or to track evolving situations, provide good offices and
act as mediators.