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upon the Millennium Summit to promote the adoption and implementation
of the Kyoto Protocol. Specifically, I urge those States whose
ratifications are needed to bring it into effect to take the
necessary action in time for entry into force by 2002, as a
fitting celebration of our progress since Stockholm in 1972
and Rio in 1992."
Kofi Annan in the Millennium Report.
- Global mean surface
temperatures have increased 0.6-1.2°F
since the late 19th century.
- The 20th century's
10 warmest years
all occurred within the last 15 years. Of these, 1998
was the warmest year on record.
- Global mean sea
already risen by around 10 to 15 centimeters during the past
century, and global warming is expected to cause a further rise
of 15 to 95 cm by the year 2100 (with a "best estimate" of 50
has increased by about 1 percent
over the world's continents in the last century.
- Carbon emissions
have quadrupled during the past
- The cost of natural
disasters in 1998 alone exceeded the cost of all such disasters
in the 1980s.
- Eighty-four Governments
have signed the Kyoto Protocol, but only
22 countries have ratified the treaty; none of them from
the industrialized world.