Secondary School Kit on the United Nations: A Web Adaptation

Unit 15: Cleaner Oceans
International Maritime Organization (IMO)

Table 1

Some IMO initiatives in the control of oil pollution

1954 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil - OILPOL This Convention prohibited the dumping of oily wastes within a certain distance of land or in special, environmentally sensitive, areas. Drawing
This Canada Goose was strangled
by a plastic six-pack ring
1969 OILPOL Convention amended to introduce the "load-on-top" procedure.
1972 London Convention adopted to control dumping of wastes into the sea.
1973 International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL). This attempted to counter pollution by oil, chemicals, sewage, rubbish and other harmful substances.
1974 International Convention on the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).
1978 Conference convened by IMO after a series of tanker accidents during the winter of 1976-77 resulted in major modifications to MARPOL.
1989 International Convention on Salvage.
1990 Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation.
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