There are two main types of land mines: anti-tank mines (AT) and anti-personnel mines (AP).
Anti-tank mines are designed to be triggered by heavy vehicles such as tanks. They are large (usually
bigger than a persons shoe) and heavy (weighing more than 5 kilos). These mines contain enough
explosives to destroy the vehicle that runs over them and as a result also frequently kill people in or
near the vehicle. Anti-tank mines are laid where enemy vehicles are expected to travel: on roads,
bridges and tracks.
Anti-personnel mines are triggered much more easily and are designed to wound people. They have less explosives and are much smaller and lighter than anti-tank minesthey could be as small as a packet of cigarettes, weighing as little as 50 grams. Anti-personnel mines come in all shapes and colours and are made from a variety of materials.
Although AP mines may kill a person, they are primarily designed to cause severe injurya wounded person must be assisted and this takes more of the enemys time and resources. Anti-personnel mines can be laid anywhere and can be set off in a number of waysstepping on them, pulling on a wire or simply shaking them. Anti-personnel mines may also explode when an object placed over them is removed.