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To protect Estero Real, the north Pacific coast of Nicaragua, national and local fisheries and aquaculture institutions in Nicaragua have led the implementation of the ecosystem approach to fisheries and aquaculture in this area. The Food and Agriculture Organization has supported this initiative through participatory planning and development of management plans. This approach allows fishers and fish farmers to maintain and increase food and income from fish products in the Estero Real, while preserving ecosystem services and increasing community resilience to climate change and other factors. As a result, coastal fishery and aquaculture communities have become better informed and more resilient to the impacts of climate change and other threats.