Minimizing the damage — Early action to improve seasonal climate forecasts, food security, freshwater supplies, disaster and emergency response, famine early-warning systems and insurance coverage can minimize the damage from climate change. It is estimated that one U.S. dollar invested in anticipatory measures can save up to seven dollars in future relief costs.
Water scarcity — The number of people living in severely stressed river basins is projected to increase significantly to between 4.3 and 6.9 billion in 2050, from between 1.4 and 1.6 billion in 1995.
Investing now makes sense — It is estimated that one U.S. dollar invested in anticipatory measures can save up to seven dollars in future relief costs.
Resources available for assessing vulnerability and financing programmes — The Nairobi Work Programme (2005-2010) assists Parties in improving their understanding and assessment of impacts, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change, and in making informed decisions about practical adaptation actions. The Adaptation Fund was established to finance projects and programmes in developing country Parties to the Kyoto Protocol.
Adapting to changes — Many Arctic communities are adapting to climate change through changes in wild life management regimes and hunting practices.
Coastal communities exposed — Coasts are experiencing the adverse consequences of hazards related to climate and sea level. Annually, about 120 million people are exposed to tropical cyclones.