UN agency urges measures to slash non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gas pollutants

Observing Africa’s carbon cycle

4 September 2009 – The head of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) today pushed for moves to cut emissions of a range of greenhouse gases and pollutants along with carbon dioxide to more effectively combat climate change, improve human health and reduce damage to crops.

Scientists estimate that non-CO2 pollutants, such as black carbon, methane, low-lying ozone and nitrogen compounds, make up some 50 per cent of emissions causing global warming, according to a news release issued by UNEP.

Achim Steiner, UNEP Executive Director, underscored the urgency for additional scientific assessments of such pollutants, as well as options for action.

“There remains some scientific uncertainty about some of these pollutants’ precise contribution to global warming, but a growing body of science points to a potentially significant role,” Mr. Steiner told reporters in Geneva, on the sidelines of the 3rd World Climate Conference, which wraps up today.

Stressing that the world must deploy all available means to fight global warming, he said that no substance contributing to climate change or any measure to mitigate it should be overlooked.

“The international community’s over-arching concern must be to seal a convincing deal at the UN climate change meeting in Copenhagen in less than 100 days time – one that puts the world on track towards swift and significant cuts in carbon dioxide while also providing the funding to assist vulnerable countries and communities to adapt,” said Mr. Steiner.

Black carbon – soot mostly from diesel engines, coal-fired stations and burning wood and dung – is key among a range of air contaminants that are also linked to over 1.6 million premature deaths a year resulting from indoor exposure and 800,000 from outdoor exposure, said UNEP.

UNEP spotlighted tropospheric ozone – including near-surface ozone which is often called smog – as a major greenhouse gas linked to harming human health and causing significant damage to crops and ecosystems.

A regional assessment report by the UNEP Atmospheric Brown Cloud project reported annual losses, resulting from ground level ozone, of wheat, rice, corn and soya bean crops in China, Japan and the Republic of Korea alone may amount to around $5 billion a year.

“Fast action across a broad front could thus deliver some quick wins on health, food security and wider environmental concerns while also making important contributions to advancing the climate change challenge,” said Mr. Steiner.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who will convene a high-level summit on climate change in New York on 22 September, yesterday discussed the issue in his meetings with a series of leaders who were attending the World Climate Conference, including the Presidents of Mozambique, Tajikistan, Slovenia and Ethiopia and the Prime Minister of Bangladesh.

While in Geneva, the last stop on Mr. Ban’s three-nation tour to Austria, Norway and Switzerland, he also met with the heads of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

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