In a country crippled by decades of violence and political instability, the Security Council-mandated UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office - BINUCA - has been assisting the Government in efforts to consolidate peace, foster national reconciliation, strengthen democratic institutions and promote human rights.
Concerned over the deteriorating security situation in the country, on 10 April 2014, the Security Council unanimously decided to establish a UN peacekeeping mission in the CAR to protect civilians and facilitate humanitarian aid. The new mission – MINUSCA - will take over the responsibilities of the African-led International Support Mission - MISCA – and will incorporate the functions of BINUCA.
Officially launched on 2 March 2011 in Libreville, Gabon, UNOCA is mandated to assist Member States and sub-regional organizations in consolidating peace and preventing potential conflicts.
The Central African Republic has been crippled by instability for decades. The latest unrest follows the ouster of President François Bozizé by the Séléka rebel coalition in March 2013. Despite the subsequent emergence of a transitional government, factional clashes have re-emerged along with banditry and inter-communal clashes between Christians and Muslims. As a result, thousands of people have been killed, over 600,000 driven from homes and most of the population has been made vulnerable to violence.