Nations Department of Economic and Social
Affairs (DESA): Within the United
Nations Secretariat, the Department of Economic
and Social Affairs (DESA) promotes international
cooperation for development to improve the
lives of people everywhere, by pursuing the
key objectives of poverty eradication, sustained
economic growth and sustainable development.
The following divisions of DESA provide rich
and useful online information on Africa:
Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations
mission is to plan, prepare, manage and direct
UN peacekeeping operations, so that they can
effectively fulfil their mandates under the
overall authority of the Security Council and
General Assembly, and under the command vested
in the Secretary-General.DPKO provides political
and executive direction to UN peacekeeping
operations, and maintains contact with the
Security Council, troop and financial contributors,
and parties to the conflict in the implementation
of Security Council mandates. The current peacekeeping
operations are as follows:
United Nations Department of Political Affairs (DPA): The primary responsibility within the UN for conflict prevention, peace-building and peacemaking rests with DPA. It provides advice and support on all political matters to the
Secretary-General in the exercise of his global responsibilities under the UN Charter relating to the maintenance of peace and security. The Secretary-General, through his special representatives and special envoys is actively engaged in implementing political mandates in a number of countries.
Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict: Since the World Summit for Children in 1990, the United Nations has increasingly sought to draw international attention to the horrendous plight of children affected by armed conflict, prompting its release of the report "Impact of armed conflict on children" (A/51/306 and Add.1) during the fifty-first session of the General Assembly in 1996. The visits by the Special Representative to countries such as Angola, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and Sudan have served as an effective advocacy tool, helping to draw significant attention to the situation of children affected by armed conflicts (CAAC).
Office of the High Representative for Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Countries and Small Island Developing States (OHRLLS): OHRLLS was established on the recommendation of the Secretary-General of the United Nations by the General Assembly in its resolution 56/227 of 24 December 2001. OHRLLS aims at enhancing the mobilization and galvanization of international support for - and ensuring the effective coordination, monitoring and review of - the implementation of the Brussels Declaration and Programme of Action (POA). As of October 2003, there are 49 LDCs of which the majority are African countries.