Comprehensive review 2010:
Secretary-General's report: "Implementation of the recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa", 20 July 2010 (A/65/152 - S/2010/526 ) was prepared in compliance with paragraph 24 of General Assembly resolution 63/304, in which the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to submit a report on the outcome of the review of the recommendations contained in his 1998 report on the causes of conflict and the promotion of durable peace and sustainable development in Africa (A/52/871-S/1998/318).
The report reviews progress made in the implementation of the 1998 recommendations, reflects the current trend of thinking regarding the nexus between peace and development and identifies emerging issues and challenges that Africa and the United Nations may face in the future. Recommendations and proposals are presented for renewed United Nations engagement with Africa.
Since 2002, the United Nations has supported the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) as a comprehensive framework for development initiatives in Africa. One of the greatest hindrances to development in Africa as elsewhere, is armed conflict. Peace is an essential condition for the continent's advancement.
In asking the Secretary-General to report annually on The Causes of Conflict and the Promotion of Durable Peace and Sustainable Development in Africa, the General Assembly stated that prevention of conflict must remain the fundamental focus of the work of the United Nations and that peace, security and development are inextricably linked (A/RES/58/235, 23 December 2003). Conflict prevention and the consolidation of peace require coordinated, sustained and integrated efforts from the United Nations system and Member States.
The Office of the Special Adviser on Africa (OSAA) emphasizes the link between lasting peace and sustainable development and therefore seeks to support peace initiatives in order to provide a secure basis for development in Africa.