on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel
New York, 1994
|Treaties you might not expect|
A dramatic increase in killings of United Nations and associated personnel taking part in UN operations inspired the adoption of this Convention. Its purpose is to strengthen the legal protection given to these people, to prevent attacks against them, and to punish those who commit such attacks.
The Convention prohibits any attack against United Nations and associated personnel and premises. It requires countries that are party to the Convention to be responsible for taking necessary measures to guarantee the safety and security of these people. The Convention criminalizes any of the following acts against upon the person or liberty of UN and associated personnel, their official premises, private quarters or means of transportation:
Countries that are party to the Convention must make these acts punishable by law with penalties that take into account the grave nature of these acts.
The Convention puts into effect the principle of "prosecute or extradite": Each country that is party to the Convention must either prosecute the offender present in its territory, or extradite him to any other Convention country that has jurisdiction over him.
The Convention applies to United Nations operations as well as to United Nations and associated personnel, and defines all three terms.
UN operations authorized by the Security Council as enforcement actions under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, in which any personnel are combatants against armed forces, and which come under the law of international armed conflict, are excluded from the scope of the Convention. Enforcement actions carried out in situations of internal armed conflict, however, are included in the scope of the Convention and subject to its protection.
Members of UN operations excluded from the scope of application of the Convention are not denied all protection: In times of armed conflict they are protectedand boundby relevant international humanitarian law. Nothing in the Convention will affect the relevance of international humanitarian law to protection of UN operations and UN and Associated Personnel, or the responsibility of these personnel to respect such law and standards.