Unit 6: City Solutions:
A Healthy Urban Future
Solutions to Urbanization,
Urbanization as Solution
The rapid growth of cities presents serious problems for city managers in terms of unemployment, pollution, crime, homelessness, racism, corruption, and health. Yet each of these can also be seen as an opportunity if turned on its head. Job creation can generate wealth, anti-pollution measures can improve health, the building of homes can create self-help opportunities and increase the self-esteem of the homeless - problems, in short, can be opportunities.
"Massive urbanization is the only way the world can survive the massive population increase," claims one expert on urban issues.
The City Summit, convened in June of 1996, had two main goals. On the one hand, the conference was aiming to raise awareness about the problems of our living environment. On the other, it saw this as an occasion to also focus on the potential of towns and cities as catalysts of social progress and economic growth. In preparation for the conference and in its aftermath, a number of positive cases came to light. Many of these are outlined in the "Doing Good" section. A few are highlighted here.
What most of these examples show is that: