Use with Section B, Activity 3 of the lesson on Racial Discrimination
South Africa was colonized by the Dutch and English in the seventeenth
century. Over the following centuries, the white settlers used force to
take control of the land and establish a system of domination over Africans
who originally inhabited the region.
When the country gained independence from Britain in 1910, the new constitution
put political control in the hands of the white minority and institutionalized
discrimination against Africans, who made up 80% of the population.
The system of apartheid -- literally, "apartness" -- enforced
the separation of South Africa's whites from the blacks, Asians, and people
of mixed race. This discriminatory system was carried out through political,
economic, and social institutions and continued through the early 1990s.
Student Directions for the Apartheid
1. Your teacher will give you a piece of paper that describes key events
in South African history. Take the selection and pass it around in your
group. Take note of the years represented by your selection. In this activity,
you will become an expert on your selection, illustrate and summarize
key events from it, and present your work to your classmates.
2. Take turns reading the selection within your group. Each person should
read one passage aloud, then pass the paper to the next person.
3. After each paragraph is read, the group should decide if the paragraph
describes discrimination, resistance to it, or both. Write your decision
next to each paragraph. Note: Be sure to include attempts to resist discrimination
that failed or were prevented.
4. Draw at least two pictures to of key events from your selection. If
possible, include a drawing that shows an example of discrimination, and
another that shows examples of protest or resistance. If applicable, you
can also show acts of resistance that failed. (In this case, be sure to
tell why they failed.) If your selection included photos, you can add
those to your work as well.
5. Write a summary of your drawing. Include important dates, names of
laws, names of people, and other key facts. DO NOT copy directly from
the reading itself. Write your summaries on a separate piece of paper
and attach them to your drawings.
6. Choose a spokesperson to present your work to the class. Be ready to
discuss examples of both discrimination and resistance.
Give examples of discrimination carried out through economic, social,
and political institutions.
· What prevented the early resistance efforts of Africans from
· Describe some key acts of resistance against apartheid.
· Describe the role of the international community in ending
· Describe some of the economic tactics used to protest apartheid.