|Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York|
6424th Meeting (AM)
Security Council Hears Briefings from Chairs of Counter-Terrorism Committees,
as Speakers Urge Broader, More Coordinated Effort to Tackle Global Scourge
Chairpersons Spotlight Work to Raise Committees’ Profiles, Improve Cooperation
With States, Delegates Say Bodies Should be More Transparent, Respect Human Rights
Participants in the regular six-month open briefing with the Chairpersons of the Security Council’s three counter-terrorism committees today stressed the continued need for multilateral cooperation in the fight against global terrorism and assessed efforts to make those committees more effective, coordinated and transparent.
Speaking on behalf of the three committees established to enforce the Security Council’s counter-terrorism measures and related sanctions — the subsidiary bodies established pursuant to Council resolution 1373 (2001) on counter-terrorism; resolution 1267 (1999) on Al-Qaida and Taliban sanctions; and resolution 1540 (2004) on the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction — Thomas Mayr-Harting of Austria, who chairs the 1267 Committee, stressed the importance of cooperation between the Committee’s expert groups and monitoring bodies, especially regarding outreach. He also welcomed the recently developed Common Strategy of the Expert Groups and noted that gathering the groups in the same location would greatly enhance cooperation and exchange of information, he said.
Describing the activities of his own Committee, he said the main focus during the past six months had been to review entries on the Consolidated List to improve its quality and advance the Committee’s transparency. The review process, which had resulted in a List of 488 entries and the removal of 45 names, had set standards for future reviews. Every three years, all entries would be reviewed in order to make the List a more dynamic and up-to-date document. The appointment of Judge Kimberly Prost as Ombudsperson regarding listing and de-listing matters had been a significant step in addressing concerns of due process and human rights.
Ertuğrul Apakan of Turkey, Chairman of the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001), known as the Counter-Terrorism Committee, said that body continued to work actively with a more strategic and transparent approach, aiming to increase awareness of the need for more effective implementation of Council resolutions and raise the visibility of its work within the wider United Nations and counter-terrorism communities. In the past six months, the Committee and its Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate (CTED) had tried to make better use of the open thematic discussions on such issues as crimes that fund terrorism, and facilitating the provision of technical assistance to Member States. The Committee also maintained and increased its dialogue and cooperation with other relevant international and regional organizations.
In his personal capacity, he said that a holistic approach to terrorism should include more emphasis on prevention, as well as incitement to terrorism. Underlining the global nature of terrorism, he said the international community was duty-bound to act in solidarity and with a “resilient, unwavering and common stance” in order to avoid complacency.
Reporting on the activities of the 1540 Committee regarding non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, Claude Heller of Mexico said that apart from continued consultations with Member States regarding extension of the Committee’s mandate beyond 25 April 2011 and with heads of intergovernmental organizations in order to further enhance cooperation, that Committee had also consolidated a new database on assistance. It had adopted new procedures for handling formal requests for assistance, as well as new procedures for publishing reports from Member States, the 1540 Committee matrices and assistance requests.
In his personal capacity, he added that States had taken relatively few measures, particularly regarding biological threats. Another area of weakness was the financing of anti-proliferation activities. He highlighted the urgent need for cooperation with such bodies as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), or the World Customs Organizations. As threats of access by non-State actors would continue and could not be predicted, he suggested that the Committee’s mandate, due to expire in April 2011, could be extended for longer than three years, for instance for 10 years with a five-year review.
Following those presentations, speakers, referring to recent events such as the attempts to blow up intercontinental cargo planes, underlined that stepping up the activities of the three counter-terrorism committees was crucial for the Security Council’s work. Moreover, safeguarding against radicalization and providing a solution to terrorist safe havens must be addressed, as should the root causes of terrorism, speakers said. They urged for more cooperation between the committees’ expert groups and cooperation between the committees with other intergovernmental organizations, relevant United Nations agencies and regional organizations.
As for the Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee, speakers welcomed the completion of the comprehensive review of the Consolidated List and the recent appointment of the Ombudsperson. They urged that the List be constantly updated and the overall process kept transparent. Afghanistan’s representative urged the Committee to give due consideration to his Government’s de-listing requests in order to support reconciliation efforts.
Speakers welcomed the increased transparency in the work of the Counter-Terrorism Committee and its Executive Directorate, as well as the open thematic discussions. They urged for more cooperation with regional and subregional organizations, as well as for a strategic use of country visits by the CTED. They welcomed the increased transparency in the work of those bodies, and the continued dialogue between CTED and States, along with country visits.
Most speakers supported a mandate extension of the 1540 Committee, urging that body to remain steadfast in its efforts to keep nuclear weapons out of the hands of terrorists. Moreover, the Committee and its experts should have the needed material and human resources so that it could better match donors with those States that requested assistance. Furthermore, the Committee should take a more analytical approach based on information received, some speakers said, noting that a comprehensive review had showed that the biosecurity sector was a weak area.
Speaking today were the representatives of the Russian Federation, Nigeria, Japan, Lebanon, Bosnia and Herzegovina, China, United States, Gabon, Brazil, France, Uganda, United Kingdom, Spain, Morocco, Cuba, Norway (on behalf of the informal group of like-minded States), India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Syria, Israel, Iran, Venezuela and the Philippines, as well as the acting head of the delegation of the European Union. The representatives of United States, Syria, Lebanon and Cuba took the floor for a second time.
The meeting started at 10:07 a.m. and closed at 2 p.m.
The Security Council met today to hear briefings by the Chairs of its three “anti-terrorism” committees: the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001), also known as the Counter-Terrorism Committee; the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) concerning Al-Qaida and the Taliban and associated individuals and entities, also known as the Security Council Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee; and the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1540 (2004), or the 1540 Committee, concerning the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. A debate on the subject was expected to follow.
In the wake of the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the United States, the Security Council unanimously adopted resolution 1373, which, among its provisions, obliges all States to criminalize assistance for terrorist activities, deny financial support and safe haven to terrorists, and to share information about groups planning terrorist attacks.
Seeking to revitalize the Committee’s work, in 2004, the Council adopted resolution 1535, creating the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) to provide the Counter-Terrorism Committee with expert advice on all areas covered by resolution 1373 (2001). The Executive Directorate was also established with the aim of facilitating technical assistance to countries, as well as promoting closer cooperation and coordination, both within the United Nations system of organizations and among regional and intergovernmental bodies.
During the September 2005 World Summit at the United Nations, the Security Council — meeting at the level of Heads of States and Government — adopted resolution 1624 concerning incitement to commit acts of terrorism. The resolution also stressed the obligations of countries to comply with international human rights laws.
With resolution 1540 (2004), the Council adopted the first international instrument dealing with weapons of mass destruction, their delivery means and related materials, in an integrated and comprehensive manner (see Press Release SC/8076 of 29 April 2004). The main objective of the text is preventing the proliferation of mass destruction weapons and deterring non-State actors from accessing or trafficking in such items.
The Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999) concerning Al-Qaida and the Taliban and associated individuals and entities monitors implementation of the provisions of that resolution, including a freeze of funds and financial assets of designated individuals and entities put on a list by the Committee; a travel ban of designated individuals; and an arms embargo on designated individuals and entities.
The Chairs of the Committees last briefed the Council on 11 May. (See Press Release SC/9923.)
The Council had before it the Report of the Counter-Terrorism Committee on the activities and achievements of the Executive Directorate from 2008 to 2010 and recommendations for future activities, transmitted by a Letter dated 2 November 2010 from the Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001) concerning counter-terrorism addressed to the President of the Security Council (document S/2010/569).
The report presents information required for the comprehensive consideration of the Directorate by the Council prior to the expiration of its mandate, taking into account the evolution of the terrorist threat, as well as the developing understanding of good practices in counter-terrorism at the national and international level.
According to the report, the Directorate has continued to evolve over the past three years in accordance with the needs of the Committee and its role within the “crowded international counter-terrorism field” where it benefits from the Council’s full weight and authority. The affiliation with the Council allows it to strongly promote the implementation of counter-terrorism measures, to have legitimacy at the international, regional and national levels and to promote cooperation between neighbours.
Moreover, the report says that the Directorate, as a body of technical experts in partnership with other organizations, is able to offer sensible, impartial advice in a field fraught with practical difficulties. In view of the evolving terrorism threat, the Executive Directorate believes that its work will continue to be important in the future.
In that context, the report describes the reorganization of the Directorate, recent assessments and activities such as country visits. It notes that many States lack financial and human resources, as well as infrastructure to comprehensively implement resolution 1373 (2001). In such States, the strongest impact on terrorism is made through a focus on border control, criminal justice systems and the rule of law, improved coordination among national agencies and institutional cooperation with neighbouring States.
Those observations have influenced the Directorate’s programme of work and technical assistance to not only enhance national technical skills but also to build networks that will link counter-terrorism professionals within regions, as the South Asia workshops for police and prosecutors have endeavoured to do.
The report also describes the Executive Directorate’s engagement with the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force, other Security Council bodies and international, regional and subregional organizations. It says that the Task Force provides an effective mechanism for better coordinating technical assistance proposals made by various entities or referred to donors for funding.
In addition, the report says, the Directorate staff includes an adviser to ensure that human rights considerations are taken into account in efforts to implement counter-terrorism resolutions. The Directorate also has an active communications strategy to engage Member States, international organizations, relevant academic research institutions, civil society and the private sector.
Proposals for future Directorate activities, should the Council decide to renew its mandate, include continuing present activities to promote the implementation of Council resolutions 1373 (2001) and 1624 (2005), as well as following up on the East African border-control workshop; expanding the programme of video workshops with late-reporting States; replicating the border-control workshops in West Africa and Southern Africa; organizing a workshop on customs and maritime security in the Caribbean; building on workshops that aim to counter incitement motivated by extremism; and following up on the maritime security workshop in Gabon with specific initiatives for the subregion.
In addition, if renewed, among other efforts it plans to pursue, the Directorate plans to follow up on the South-East Europe Workshop on subregional cooperation in criminal justice matters, as well as on the prosecutor’s workshop to be held in December 2010. It would continue work on establishing a South Asian law enforcement training centre, as well as on the establishment of a regional counter-terrorism strategy among the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
THOMAS MAYR-HARTING (Austria), Chairman of the Security Council Committee concerning Al-Qaida and the Taliban and associated individuals and entities (established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999)), also speaking on behalf of the other two Committees, said great importance was attached to cooperation between the Committees’ expert groups and monitoring bodies, especially regarding outreach, where cooperation was of the utmost importance. Such cooperation had increased regarding joint visits to States and participation in workshops organized by expert groups. Those coordinated visits and workshops were useful tools to enhance cooperation with Member States and assist them in implementation of the resolutions. He welcomed the recently developed Common Strategy of the Expert Groups.
He said that collocation of the three expert groups would greatly enhance cooperation and exchange of information. The Task Force was an additional framework in which the expert groups could enhance cooperation. As terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction continued to be a global threat, cooperation and coordination were crucial elements in order to fight it.
In his capacity as Chairman of the “1267 Committee”, Mr. Mayr-Harting said there had been a number of significant developments in the Al-Qaida and Taliban sanctions regime and the work of that body. The main focus of the Committee had been to review the Consolidated List entries to improve the List’s quality and advance the Committee’s transparency. After conclusion of the review process, 488 entries remained on the List. Forty-five names had been removed. He stressed that for its review, the Committee relied heavily on the cooperation of Member States.
He said the review had set standards for future reviews, in which the Committee would address the matter of deceased persons and would review every entry on the List that had not been reviewed for three years in order to make the List a more dynamic and up-to-date document. The Committee was also discussing entities that had ceased to exist. The Committee had commenced review of 23 items that were still pending.
The most significant step in resolution 1904 (2009) had been the establishment of the Office of the Ombudsperson, he said, to which Judge Kimberly Prost had been appointed. The Ombudsperson had kept the Committee informed on developments of all cases before her.
Over the past two years, the Committee had experienced criticism because of due process and human rights concerns, including from national parliaments, courts and international bodies. The Committee and the Council had taken important steps to address those concerns. However, the recent judgement of the European General Court in the case of “Qadi II” showed that challenges remained.
In his personal capacity, Mr. Mayr-Harting said the comprehensive review of the Committee was a groundbreaking step, as it had been the first time that in a sanctions regime a list had been reviewed. About 270 List entries had been reviewed for the first time. Despite those efforts, problematic entities remained on the List.
The appointment of the Ombudsperson had been a significant step, he said, and she should be given due time to prove her merits and cooperation given by Member States would be important. As for the question whether the Committee could address recommendations by the Ombudsperson, he said that the body should attach full weight to her reports. In practice, the distinction between observations and recommendations might become irrelevant.
Addressing the principle of consensus in the Committee’s decision-making, he said the body had been criticized for giving veto power to designating States in de-listing individuals and entities. He suggested, therefore, a majority decision for de-listing. The 1267 regime had also been criticized as being no longer a temporary measure but an open-ended matter. Those concerns, however, were mitigated by the review process. If the procedures of the tri-annual reviews were changed to require a positive affirmation of each entry, the concerns would be satisfied.
ERTUĞRUL APAKAN ( Turkey), Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1373 (2001) concerning counter-terrorism, emphasized the continuing threat of terrorism, saying that counter-terrorism must remain a priority of the international community. His Committee, he added, continued to work actively with a more strategic and transparent approach, aiming to increase awareness of the need for more effective implementation of Council resolutions and raise the visibility of its work within the wider United Nations and counter-terrorism communities.
In monitoring the implementation of resolution 1373 (2001), he said one of the main instruments was the Preliminary Implementation Assessment, an ongoing stocktaking exercise that helped identify areas where implementation was still inadequate. Since the last briefing, the Committee had finalized 17 files within the current framework and stood ready to assist Member States, wherever possible, in the preparation and submission of their responses. Country visits, technical assistance and capacity-building, in conjunction with the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate, also helped strengthen dialogue with Member States. The Committee and the CTED also helped match potential donors and recipients for those purposes.
In the past six months, he said, the Committee had also tried to make better use of the thematic discussions on such issues as crimes that fund terrorism, and facilitating the provision of technical assistance to Member States, organizing briefings, along with the CTED, to a wider membership, to help acquaint Member States with the recent developments on various aspects of the global fight against terrorism, as well as to address regional challenges. The Committee also maintained and increased its dialogue and cooperation with other relevant international and regional organizations.
He said that thus far, a total of 109 States had submitted reports to the Committee on the implementation of resolution 1373 (2001). It would encourage more such reporting, as well as accession to all international counter-terrorism instruments, and promote implementation of them in the context of all obligations under international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law. Describing recent and upcoming conferences, briefings and cooperation with other bodies, he said that the Committee and the CTED attached particular importance to keeping Member States abreast of their work.
In his personal capacity, he described efforts to streamline the working methods of the Counter-Terrorism Committee and to better set priorities and garner better international cooperation, and said that most of the challenges that needed to be better addressed were highlighted in the Council’s 27 September presidential statement. The Committee, he commented, had played and would play a critical role in the fight against terrorism, based on its sound legal framework. Adoption procedures of the Preliminary Implementation Assessments had been improved, and the Committee strengthened its focus on national capacity. He suggested the continuation and expansion of briefings for Member States, as well as the exploration of new ways to increase the interaction between the Committee and the States.
He said that a holistic approach to terrorism should include more emphasis on prevention, as well as incitement to terrorism, again emphasizing that all counter-terrorism measures should respect the rule of law and human rights. He maintained that regional workshops and seminars organized by the CTED provided the Committee with more insights about the regional situations, and the results of all such activities indicated that here was a need for the CTED needed to employ new tools so that it could use extrabudgetary funding within the established practices of the United Nations.
In closing, he underlined the global nature of terrorism, which meant that the international community was duty-bound to act in solidarity and with a “resilient, unwavering and common stance, continuing to avoid complacency. He hoped that the focused and forward-looking approach of the Council would continue in the future to ensure that the fight against terrorism remained a priority at the United Nations.
CLAUDE HELLER (Mexico), Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1540 (2004), said he had held consultations with heads of intergovernmental organizations in order to further enhance cooperation with the Committee and had addressed the Group of Eight (G-8) Non-proliferation Directors’ Group in Vancouver, Canada, on 21 October. He had also held consultations with Member States regarding extension of the Committee’s mandate beyond 25 April 2011. The 1540 Committee and its Group of Experts continued its outreach events at the international, regional and subregional levels.
He said that over the last six months, the Committee had received a first report from Togo. He had continued to meet with representatives of States that had not yet submitted their first reports, including of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Ethiopia and Gabon. It had received additional information from Brazil, Canada, Ireland, Pakistan, Portugal and Uganda. The Committee was reviewing 75 Committee matrices and would review another 117 before the end of 2010. The information in those matrices formed the foundation of the data that would appear in the Committee report.
He said the Committee had also consolidated a new database on assistance and adopted new procedures for handling formal requests for assistance. The Committee had received new formal requests for assistance from Iraq, Uganda and from the Central American Integration System (SICA). Canada, Poland and the United States had notified the Committee of offers of assistance. The Committee had adopted new procedures for publishing reports from Member States, the 1540 Committee matrices and assistance requests.
As for cooperation with international organizations, he said that Austria would organize an event for international governmental and regional organizations in Vienna on 15 and 16 December to foster cooperation and coordination among those institutions and the 1540 Committee in their efforts to facilitate implementation of resolution 1540 (2004). The Committee and its experts would continue to participate in international conferences and regional or subregional activities to expand outreach, as well as gather more information on assistance and on steps taken towards implementing the resolution.
In his personal capacity, Mr. Heller said he had carried out consultation with Member States to present an assessment on elements that should be taken into account by the Council regarding renewal of 1540 Committee mandate. In its first year, the Committee had focused on actions related to making States aware of obligations under the resolution and assisting them in ensuring compliance through legislative measures, a stage which had been successfully completed. The challenge now was to facilitate States to take measures to guarantee that provisions would be complied with. Consideration of mandate-extension would be an opportunity to reflect on the best way to adapt the Committee so it could respond to current threats of proliferation by non-State actors.
He said areas of reflection should include the Committee’s relationship with international bodies, and strengthening the Committee’s ability to facilitate assistance, among other things. The Committee had identified some areas in which States had taken few measures, in particular in the biological sector and the financing of proliferation activities. The Committee currently had an Expert Group of eight individuals, which contrasted sharply with the staff and resources of such bodies as the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), or the World Customs Organizations that had direct jurisdiction in relative areas.
There was, therefore, an urgent need to deepen cooperation with such bodies, in particularly in the area of information exchange. He said that the universal nature of the resolution and the high degree of specialization of some international bodies would ensure that close cooperation would be beneficial to both sides.
He had worked to strengthen the Committee as a cooperation platform, he said. Implementation of the resolution did not only depend on the political will of Member States but also on the resources the Committee had. The Committee must continue to play an active role in ensuring that assistance requests and offers were being met and coordinated. The appointment of a coordinator for the three expert groups and the Committees’ coordinator would be a first step in enhancing coordination.
As threats of access by non-State actors would continue and could not be predicted, he suggested that the Committee’s mandate could be extended for longer than three years, for instance for 10 years with a five-year review. The Committee would then be in a position then to better plan its needs and come to a long-term strategy to tackle proliferation challenges.
VITALY CHURKIN ( Russian Federation) said that stepping up the activities of the three counter-terrorism committees was crucial for the Council’s work in counter-terrorism. In regard to the Counter-Terrorism Committee and CTED, he welcomed the increased transparency in their work, and the continued dialogue of the CTED with States, along with country visits. It was necessary to step up work on resolution 1624 (2005) and make better use of country visits. He said that upcoming seminars with regional groups were valuable in that context.
Regarding the work of the 1267 Committee, he called on all States to take measures against those on the Consolidated sanctions List. He supported efforts to reintegrate those in Afghanistan who were willing to renounce violence, but said that de-listing should be carried out on a case-by-case basis. The List must be constantly updated and the overall process kept transparent. On the 1540 Committee, he welcomed the hard work, as well as efforts to make activities more planned and systemic and focused on assisting implementation by States. His country would continue to work with States in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in that context.
RAFF BUKUN-OLU WOLE ONEMOLA ( Nigeria) welcomed the outreach and awareness-raising programmes of the Counter-Terrorism Committee and the CTED. He said that capacity-building should be done more concertedly and effectively, noting that efforts of ECOWAS were valuable in that context. He hoped there would be further cooperation between ECOWAS and CTED.
In regard to the 1540 Committee, he said that efforts to match donors and recipients should continue and the Committee should not relent in its efforts to keep nuclear weapons out of the hands of terrorists. He welcomed the efforts of the 1267 Committee to improve its working methods and to keep its Consolidated List up to date. Those efforts should continue, ensuring that fundamental human rights were guaranteed. In closing, he encouraged the three committees to keep improving their cooperation.
KAZUO KODOMA ( Japan) said the recent plot to bomb a host of international cargo planes was a reminder that terrorism continued to be a global threat and that issues such as radicalization and safe haven must be addressed. The three committees should, therefore, continue their efforts. In light of the ongoing threats posed by the Taliban and Al-Qaida, the sanctions under resolution 1267 (1999) also continued to play a crucial role. In order for the Committee to be fully effective, the accuracy of the Consolidated List was crucial. The review process was also instrumental in raising due process and transparency. He also welcomed the commencement of the work by the Ombudsperson.
He welcomed the work by the Counter-Terrorism Committee and its Executive Directorate, in particular recent thematic discussions on substantive issues. He hoped that such discussions would also include best practices. He stressed that all Member States should cooperate fully with the Counter-Terrorism Committee and submit their preliminary implementation assessments on time. Country visits provided a means to ascertain implementation of counter-terrorism measures and identify assistance needs, he said, urging for a more strategic execution of country visits.
The work of the 1540 Committee had become more effective and coordinated, particularly in the area of cooperation with regional and subregional organizations. He hoped that Committee would deepen its cooperation with other bodies, including the other two committees. Given the important role the Committee played in the area of non-proliferation, he hoped that all experience gained would be taken into account when considering mandate extension. He commended increased cooperation between the committees and the Task Force, which lead to avoiding duplication of work.
NAWAF SALAM ( Lebanon) welcomed the completion of the review process the 1267 Committee had executed. It was necessary to continue that exercise in order to clear the names of those who were innocent. He also welcomed steps taken to promote transparency and respect for human rights, especially the appointment of the Ombudsperson and reforms adopted to avoid the use of the Committee for other objectives than those for which it had been established. The Committee’s work must adhere to international law, the Charter and the norms of human rights.
As for the Counter-Terrorism Committee, he encouraged the thematic discussions and studies regarding countering terrorism, which he hoped would lead to further implementation of resolution 1373 (2001) in particular regarding information exchange and building capacities of developing countries regarding the resolution’s implementation into their legislation.
Regarding the 1540 Committee, he stressed the importance of cooperation with Member States in avoiding access to weapons of mass destruction by non-State parties. He noted that the League of Arab States played an important role in preventing access by terrorists to weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East and he underlined the importance of the Middle East being a zone free of weapons of mass destruction. The Committee had become a basic cornerstone in the non-proliferation regime. Further cooperation between the Committee and the other organizations such as the IAEA was of the utmost importance.
Despite all measures taken, he said terrorist activities continued. It was, therefore, important to combat the root causes of terrorism and end duplicity and foreign occupation.
IVAN BARBALIĆ ( Bosnia and Herzegovina) said the 1267 Committee had evolved into one of the most critical United Nations monitoring bodies in the fight against the threat of Al-Qaeda and the Taliban. The completion of the review process of the Consolidated List and full implementation of resolution 1904 (2009) would further improve credibility of the Committee’s work. The heart of criticism against all counter-terrorism bodies lay in respect for human rights, and he was confident the newly appointed Ombudsperson would soon be able to successfully address those concerns. The Counter-Terrorism Committee contributed to efficient monitoring of the implementation of resolutions — continuous assessment through more frequent open briefings was beneficial to both Member States and the Committee, bringing into perspective all the challenges we face in the common fight against terrorism. “ Bosnia and Herzegovina will continue to support in fullest the work of the Counter-Terrorism Committee,” he said.
The 1540 Committee was a crucial clearing-house for channelling assistance to face the threat of non-State actors acquiring weapons of mass destruction, and increasing acceptance of its founding resolution of 2004, which obliged States to establish domestic controls to prevent proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, was a result of increased understanding of its importance, as well as the Committee’s cooperative approach. In that regard, the 1540 Committee’s mandate should be strengthened in material and human resources so it could provide assistance where it was needed.
LI BAODONG ( China) said that the review of the Consolidated List by the 1267 Committee was a significant achievement and he welcomed efforts for that body’s improved effectiveness. Similarly, he welcomed the efforts of the Counter-Terrorism Committee and CTED to improve dialogue with States and encourage better international cooperation in fighting terrorism.
He welcomed the role of the 1540 Committee, particularly its consultation with his country on assisting other countries in implementing the counter-terrorism resolutions. He said that the Committees should advance on all pillars of counter-terrorism, while paying more attention to the needs of developing countries.
ROSEMARY DICARLO ( United States), supporting cooperative efforts against terrorism, said that recent terrorist attempts were harsh reminders of the global nature of the threat. Effectiveness, transparency and relevance of the three committees should be continually improved to strengthen United Nations efforts. In regard to the Counter-Terrorism Committee, she said that regional capacity should be further built, as well as strengthened outreach to States.
She pledged her country’s continued cooperation with the listing and de-listing process of resolution 1267 (1999), welcoming the appointment of the Ombudsman for that purpose, as well as other reforms in the 1267 Committee’s work. She also welcomed the broad outreach carried on by the 1540 Committee. Its founding resolution, she said, was not only critical in counter-terrorism; it was an important part of non-proliferation, and she supported an extended mandate for the Committee. She expressed confidence that the three committees’ activities would continue to provide guidance in States’ response to the continuing terrorist threat.
EMANUEL ISSOZE-NGONDET ( Gabon) welcomed the progress made by the international community in fighting terrorism, even if daily reality was a reminder that the terrorist threat continued. He also welcomed progress made by the 1267 Committee in the comprehensive review of the Consolidated List and the appointment of the Ombudsperson. He also supported improvements in the Committee’s working methods. He encouraged that body to strengthen cooperation with Member States, regional and subregional organizations and specialized agencies.
As for the Counter-Terrorism Committee, he welcomed in particular the improved working methods, saying that body could now devote more time to substantive and analytical work. He also welcomed the application of a new website and organization of regional workshops as instruments of information sharing and awareness raising, noting that in June, a regional workshop had been held in Libreville. He urged Member States to strengthen cooperation with the Council’s counter-terrorism bodies.
He applauded the work done by the 1540 Committee on updating the matrices to be used in its database, as well as the new procedures for publishing reports and addressing request for assistance by Member States. He urged the Committee to strengthen cooperation in information exchange, country visits, organizing workshops and technical assistance.
MARIA LUIZA RIBEIRO VIOTTI ( Brazil) noted the shift from imposing a legal obligation on implementing counter-terrorism responses to a greater emphasis on building the capacity of Member States, and she stressed that no legal framework would be effective if States lacked the means to implement them. To that end, she said that the Counter-Terrorism Committee reflected that reality by focusing on a regional perspective and responding to the variety of development levels of Member States with different strategies.
Continuing, she said that the 1267 Committee had made “important strides” with the Consolidated List of sanctions and the establishment of the Office of the Ombudsperson, and she welcomed the appointment of Kimberly Prost to inaugurate that post. However, she pointed out that challenges remained, notably in the area of due process. The Committee needed to reinforce its dialogue with the wider membership and to engage fully with the Ombudsperson. As well, Members needed to present the reasons when denying de-listing and inform the Ombudsperson with the maximum relevant information so that her opinions be informed and thus taken into account during the decision-making process. As for the 1540 Committee, looking forward to the renewal of that body’s mandate next year, she said the Council would have to focus on a few critical areas, including placing an emphasis on those State whose capacities for implementation and reporting were limited.
EMMANUEL BONNE (France), associating himself with the statement to be made by the European Union delegation, stressed that the listing done under the aegis of the 1267 Committee must be accurate and consistent with human rights principles. He welcomed the Ombudsperson’s appointment in that context, and warned against condemnation of the sanctions regime, stressing the need for a coordinated response to the terrorist threat. He said that the Committee could also play an important role in reconciliation in Afghanistan.
He said the Counter-Terrorism Committee’s work with Member States was extremely important and he welcomed continued briefings to the Organization’s wider membership, particularly regarding guidance on good practices. He said that the CTED had become a central body, assisting many States with technical assistance. He supported renewing its mandate. In regard to the 1540 Committee, he pointed out France’s efforts to support that body’s work in various forums. That support should be continued and the Committee’s mandate extended.
As coordinator on the Working Group for assistance to national implementation of resolution 1540 (2004), he appealed to all those who provided or received aid for implementation of the resolution to report that fact to the Committee. He also welcomed recent efforts to review the work of the counter-terrorism task force.
RUHAKANA RUGUNDA ( Uganda), unequivocally condemning all terrorism and commending the three committees for advancing common strategies to fight it, said that the increased sophistication of terrorist networks meant that the struggle against them should respond accordingly through increasing the capacities of States, among other measures.
He thanked countries and organizations that had had provided assistance for the implementation of the counter-terrorism resolutions. He welcomed greater cooperation between all United Nations counter-terrorism entities and regional organizations, and he pledged his country’s unequivocal, continued support for the efforts of all three counter-terrorism committees.
Council President MARK LYALL GRANT ( United Kingdom), speaking in his national capacity, said the 1540 Committee had played a more prominent role in counter-terrorism efforts and in coordinating technical assistance. Deliberations on a mandate extension should recognize that the reporting stage was now nearly complete and that the Committee should now take a more analytical approach based on information received. The Committee and its experts should coordinate matching donors with recipients and consider where they could add value, in particular, as a comprehensive review had showed that biosecurity sector was a weak area.
He welcomed the increased outreach efforts and transparency of the Counter-Terrorism Committee, among other ways, through open thematic discussions. That Committee should focus more on the drivers of radicalization and on how States could better counter violent extremism. The Al-Qaida and Taliban sanctions regime remained a useful tool in disrupting international terrorism, but it must remain credible as a tool, however. The relevant Committee had worked hard to implement the provisions of resolution 1904 (2009), which included the establishment of the Office of the Ombudsperson. The regime must continue to evolve in order to address upcoming challenges and must continue its reform efforts.
ROMÁN OYARZUN ( Spain), noting the importance of the United Nations Global Strategy in the fight against terrorism, said Spain would always support systemic reforms that would allow for a fair, transparent implementation of it. He was pleased that the 26 May debate on intercultural dialogue for peace and security had included the Alliance of Civilizations in the structure of the principal United Nations organs. The Council must respond to the victims of terrorism in a manner that reinforced their status, visibility and testimony, and, as expressed in resolution 1566 (2004), he hoped States would assist through a support fund or practical assistance mechanism. Reiterating Spain’s firm commitment to combating all forms of terrorism, he said the 1267 Committee, the Counter-Terrorism Committee and the 1540 Committee carried an important duty in that regard.
He said resolution 1904 (2009) had improved the procedure of the sanctions regime established under resolution 1267 (1999), emphasizing the creation of the Ombudsperson as a novelty in that regard. Welcoming progress made by the Counter-Terrorism Committee, he expressed hope that the Executive Directorate would facilitate technical cooperation with third countries in a pragmatic way, and that its analysis would allow for delivering solutions that brought donors and recipients together to achieve a value-added objective. He also called attention to problems implementing resolution 1540 (2004), which showed the need for a long-term approach to addressing proliferation challenges. Strong political will was needed and States must use all means provided by the United Nations Charter to confront the “barbarism” of terrorism. He was pleased to see the Committees’ efforts to improve their efficiency.
MOHAMMED LOULICHKI ( Morocco) supported the Counter-Terrorism Committee’s transparent and strategic approach, with strengthened awareness-raising and efforts to assist countries to implement resolution 1373 (2001). Further help in linking donors and recipients of technical assistance would be extremely valuable. He described his country’s enhanced implementation of the Committee’s founding resolution, especially in the area of financing of terrorism, and its focus on preventing and countering extremist ideologies.
He welcomed reviews of the Consolidated List by the 1267 Committee, saying that further efforts to update the List should be carried out. He expressed deep concern over the spread of terrorism in North Africa along with the drug trafficking that often supported it. For that reason, Morocco had aligned its legislation with international efforts to combat those twin scourges. He pledged his country’s continued strong cooperation in the fight against terrorism.
PEDRO NUÑEZ MOSQUERA ( Cuba) said border control was a major aspect of his country’s work combating terrorism, based on experience of more than 50 years. “This has allowed us to thwart many acts of this sort,” he said. “My country has an impeccable record in facing terrorism, to which it has historically fallen victim. I wish to reiterate the unswerving decision of Cuba to never allow its national territory to be used to mastermind, incite, support or perpetrate terrorist acts.” Continuing, he said that Cuba categorically rejected the unilateral compilation by the United States Government of a list of States that supposedly sponsor terrorism, and the inclusion of Cuba on it. “This is a spurious and politically motivated exercise, contrary to international law and the Charter of the United Nations,” he said, declaring that no Government could claim the right to certify the behaviour of other nations on terrorism, let alone one that adopted a position of double standards.
While those responsible for “horrible terrorist acts” against Cuba continued to be free and participate in political activities, five Cuban citizens were unjustly in prison for fighting against a terrorist group which operated with impunity against Cuba in United States territory, he continued. “ Cuba has a completely clean record concerning terrorism. The United States Department of State, which issues those unilateral reports, cannot affirm the same,” he said. “We reiterate our willingness to make a more detailed presentation on these questions before the Counter-Terrorism Committee, or submit to it any additional information or clarification considered necessary.” Cuba was willing to cooperate with any State, including the United States, to face international terrorism on the basis of mutual respect, sovereign equality and the rules of international law.
TINE MØRCH SMITH (Norway), on behalf of the informal group of like-minded States and aligning herself with the statement to be delivered by the delegation of the European Union, fully recognized the application of targeted sanctions was a useful and necessary tool to effectively combat international terrorism. The adoption of resolution 1904 (2004) was a major step forward strengthening due process guarantees, in particular for those that wished to be removed from the Consolidated List. The Informal Group was confident that the new Ombudsperson would assist the Committee when it considered de-listing, and that she would execute her important mandate to full satisfaction of all involved parties, she said.
“It goes without saying that the Ombudsperson cannot function effectively without the full cooperation of Members States. We, therefore, call on all Member States, not only the members of the Security Council, to respond promptly and adequately to the Ombudsperson’s requests for information and assistance. It is of paramount importance that the Ombudsperson had access to all relevant information, including confidential and classified documents, regarding the listing,” she said. All Governments should also assist making the Ombudsperson’s mandate widely known, she added. On the other hand, all States should receive the necessary information about the work of the Ombudsperson to contribute to a deeper appreciation of her role and needs. She also encouraged the Ombudsperson to consider giving regular interactive briefings on her role and activities, as had become the practice for other key United Nations entities in counter-terrorism.
One of the major improvements that came with the adoption of resolution 1904 (2009) was the diminished need to put requests for de-listing on hold, since the Ombudsperson will have provided the Committee with all relevant information. “At the same time, we will continue to consider further steps towards strengthening the due process rights of those listed. In our view we should continue the reflection on how the current system could be enhanced, also in terms of guaranteeing its effectiveness and credibility, without calling into question the very important progress that has been achieved so far,” she said.
MANJEEV SINGH PURI ( India) said his country had suffered from terrorism for many decades and condemned the scourge no matter what its motivation. He fully supported all efforts for greater and more effective international cooperation in combating the scourge. Regarding the 1267 Committee, he supported measures to strengthen the listing review process, but was concerned that the process of listing and de-listing of the Consolidated List continued to be subject to political pressure.
Welcoming the efforts of the Counter-Terrorism Committee and the CTED, he said that, as the CTED’s mandate came up for renewal next month, an effort should be made to enhance coherence and synergy among the United Nations’ different counter-terrorism structures. He welcomed the Counter-Terrorism Committee’s efforts to organize thematic briefings and focus more on analytic work. Further consideration should be given to the recommendations of the Special Rapporteur on the protection of human rights in the fight against terrorism, and assistance in implementing resolution 1540 (2004) must be provided at the request of Member States, while keeping in mind their varying national capacities, procedures and systems.
Welcoming the institutionalization of the Counter Terrorism Implementation Task Force, he looked forward to greater efforts to increase cooperation between all counter-terrorism committees. Stressing the importance of concluding the long-pending comprehensive convention on terrorism, he pledged that, during India’s upcoming membership in the Security Council, it intended to work closely with the counter-terrorism mechanisms, especially in strengthening ongoing efforts to promote open dialogue to ensure wider participation of Member States.
PALITHA T.B. KOHONA ( Sri Lanka) said that, although much had been said in the Council about countering terrorism, the world continued to be rocked regularly by senseless acts of terror or attempts to unleash death and destruction. Fortunately, the menace had been comprehensively eradicated in his country, after repeated efforts to talk the perpetrators back into the democratic fold had been rebuffed. The Council should act with a common purpose to assist with and respect the right of every sovereign State to free its territory from terrorism. All Member States should close ranks in implementing the Council’s counter-terrorism measures, he said, emphasizing that they must prevent the use of their territories as safe havens, including for raising funds. He underlined the importance of intelligence sharing and cross-border cooperation.
He said all countries must re-examine their policies on granting asylum and refugee status in order to prevent abuse by terrorists. Terrorism’s tentacles had spread to such areas as illicit arms sales, narcotics trade, money-laundering and trafficking in persons. It was, therefore, necessary to address underlying social, economic and political factors that might contribute to breeding terrorism. Arrangements for mutual legal assistance and extradition of terrorists was necessary, as was helping countries in developing national capacities in the areas of investigation, prosecution, intelligence gathering, border protection and forensic science. Collective regional efforts could significantly boost efforts in deterring terrorist activity.
The three committees had made a remarkable contribution to the common endeavours to combat terrorism, he said, encouraging greater coordination among them and urging for more transparency and inclusiveness, including through the open debates and briefings. The mandate of the CTED should be extended and all Member States must demonstrate the necessary political will to conclude negotiations on a comprehensive convention on international terrorism, which had been on the table for almost a decade.
PEDRO SERRANO, acting head of delegation of the European Union, commending the efforts of the 1267 Committee and its Monitoring Team to strengthen due process in the Committee’s work, said that the adoption of Security Council resolution 1904 (2009) at the end of last year was a significant step forward to ensure that fair and clear procedures exist for listing and de-listing decisions. The European Union believed that procedural guarantees for individuals and entities designated by the Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee would strengthen the effectiveness of the relevant measures and contribute to their credibility.
Welcoming the creation of the Office of the Ombudsperson, he said that new mechanism constituted “a true step forward” regarding an independent review of listing decisions and it offered the possibility of providing significant administrative due process to applicants for de-listing. The European Union remained committed to ensuring the implementation of decisions adopted by the Committee in its own legal order. A continued dialogue between the European Union’s institutions and the United Nations Security Council was essential to address common issues and find common solutions, such as at the European Union-United Nations seminar on the effective implementation of United Nations sanctions that would take place in Brussels at the end of this month.
The European Union wished to commend the Counter-Terrorism Committee and the CTED for their ongoing work, in particular their emphasis on capacity-building and the facilitation of technical assistance to countries requesting it, he said. Recent activities of the Committee and CTED to address specific counter-terrorism issues through debates, briefings and regional workshops were appreciated. The European Union looked forward to the upcoming mandate renewal, and continued to encourage deeper integration of human rights in both bodies’ work with Member States.
He fully supported the work of the 1540 Committee, and said the 2003 European Union strategy against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction of and its “New Lines for Action” adopted in 2008 provided the framework for concrete European Union action in this regard. The European Union, for example, assisted a number of projects related to the implementation of resolution 1540 (2004), supporting a series of regional workshops focusing on border and export controls, and on the implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention as part of the Committee’s outreach activities. Once again commending the three specialized Security Council committees, the European Union invited the Council to consider whether its work would not benefit from a reactivation of its working group on sanctions, which could provide a useful forum to address horizontal issues, such as the sharing of good practices, integration of sanctions as a tool with peacekeeping efforts and respect for human rights in the context of targeted sanctions.
AMJAD HUSSAIN B. SIAL ( Pakistan) said his country strongly condemned terrorism in all forms and urged the international community to promote economic and social development to eliminate both terrorism and extremism. Countries should be provided with the resources and capabilities to counter terrorism. “We should follow procedures but must not get caught up on them,” he stressed. As a result of its efforts to root out terrorism, Pakistan had lost 2,549 law enforcement officials, as well as 7,185 civilians, he added.
He noted that Pakistan had made considerable progress since the last report of the CTED, and had become a party to the United Nations Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism. There was a need to enhance the capacity of the country’s security personnel in counter-terrorist operations. Moreover, safety vests, night vision equipment, wireless interceptors and monitors were needed.
Turning to the 1267 Committee, he said there was a need to improve the revised procedures and meet the required standards to ensure a fair hearing for listing or de-listing individuals and entities. Decisions made by domestic and international courts and tribunals on the 1267 sanctions regime had garnered worldwide attention; therefore, it was important to consider exclusive sharing of the verifiable evidence desired by the legal community with the courts and set a time limit for the effectiveness of a listing. As a member of the Security Council when resolution 1540 (2004) was adopted, Pakistan had agreed that it was a timely measure to address the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery to non-State actors. Pakistan had also identified the need to make the resolution’s follow-up mechanism more inclusive, transparent and balanced in terms of State responsibility and international cooperation.
BASHAR JA’AFARI (Syria), saying that his country was involved in the fight against terrorism as one of the first States affected by the scourge, reaffirmed the need to distinguish between terrorism and the legitimate right of people to resist foreign occupation. Force alone was useless in the fight, which must be carried out in accordance with international law. He said that the General Assembly had an essential role in addressing terrorism. The Council’s relevant committees had a role as well in that effort, through transparent and neutral strategies. The United Nations Global Strategy also had a role on the condition that it differentiated between terrorism, State terrorism and resistance.
He said serious examples of State terrorism could be seen in Israeli practices related to Gaza and the occupied territories in general, including the occupied Syrian Golan, which threatened both the people and the land. There was also the threat of nuclear terrorism. His country cooperated fully with the three subcommittees of the Security Council, having committed national commissions for cooperation with them. Syria was making particular progress in fighting the financing of terrorism, with those efforts and others having been recognized in international forums. In closing, he called on the counter-terrorism committees to apply pressure on Israel.
HAIM WAXMAN (Israel), noting that every day at least one Member State suffered from some form of a terrorist attack, said his country knew first-hand the devastation caused by such acts. Hamas and Hizbullah were among the most dangerous terrorist organizations in the world, threatening not just Israel’s security, but also stability throughout the Middle East, with a growing arsenal of missiles and rockets. The issue of safe haven for terrorists was of particular concern to Israel, as several Member States in the region had granted such protection to terrorists who sought to attack Israel by any means.
Welcoming the work of the Counter-Terrorism Committee and the CTED, he said Israel continued to strengthen its professional cooperation with CTED and to share best practices with and provide technical cooperation to interested parties. Among particular areas of Israel’s bilateral cooperation were those relating to money-laundering, terrorism, public safety, security aviation and protection of borders. Israel’s counter-terrorism agencies cooperated with a large number of regional organizations, including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), and closely cooperated with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Terrorism Prevention Branch.
He said the Al-Qaida and Taliban Committee remained an important part of efforts to isolate terrorists, welcoming in that regard progress made in reform of its listing and de-listing procedures, as well as the appointment of the Ombudsperson to address aspects of due process and human rights. The review of the Consolidated List was an important affirmation of the continued relevance of the List itself. Developing international standards against proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and dual-use items was critical for the international community, as well as for his region. In order to enhance dialogue among Member States and the 1540 Committee, it would be helpful to receive periodic briefings by the Expert Coordinator on the work of the Committee.
ZAHIR TANIN ( Afghanistan) said his country was “the number one victim of international terrorism”. Moreover, terrorism in Afghanistan was a growing threat to international peace and security. The enemy faced there was part of a complex network operating from safe havens throughout the region. The Afghan Army and police were engaged in fierce combat against enemy forces in joint military operations with international forces. With the approach of the transition process, a detailed plan would be presented at the upcoming NATO Summit in Lisbon.
Yet, he stressed that military efforts alone were not the solution. Reconciliation and reintegration of former combatants with no links to terrorist organizations were critical as well. Afghanistan’s reintegration and reconciliation initiative would be pursued in conformity with the Afghan Constitution, the democratic process and respect for human rights. In particular, the rights of women would remain a priority.
Saying that the 1267 Committee remained one of the important instruments in countering terrorism, he welcomed steps to increase transparency and effectiveness in its work. The publication of narrative summaries for listing provided Member States with concise information. He underscored the importance of a periodic review of the Consolidated List and welcomed the de-listing of 10 former Taliban members. He urged the Committee to give due consideration to Afghanistan’s additional de-listing requests. Underscoring the important work of the 1373 Committee, he welcomed continued efforts of the Committee and the CTED to increase collaboration with Member States.
GHOLAM HOSSEIN DEHGHANI ( Iran) said that recent terrorist attempts and attacks in his region and around the world served as a reminder that terrorists were relentless in their efforts to inflict suffering and to strain the relations among nations. As a victim of terrorism, Iran had submitted six reports to the Counter-Terrorism Committee, showing its concrete implementation of resolution 1373 (2001), including its fight against drug trafficking that originated from an eastern neighbour. In that context, he welcomed the role of the CTED and the committees to encourage neighbouring countries to work together.
Underlining his country’s cooperation with the 1540 Committee, he stressed the need for more progress in eliminating nuclear weapons to effectively reduce the threat that they could fall into the hands of terrorists. For that reason, efforts directed towards non-proliferation should be paralleled by efforts aimed at disarmament. He stressed the importance of compliance of Member States with all their obligations under the existing conventions on weapons of mass destruction, adding that the universality of those treaties was vital for eliminating threats.
He pledged that his country would continue to work closely with the counter-terrorism committees, and stressed that the scourge of terrorism required the international community to act in concert and in “a comprehensive manner away from double standards and selective and discriminatory considerations and narrowly defined political objectives”. He finally rejected allegations against his country made by the representative of Israel, which he said were attempts to distract from the State terrorism of that country.
JORGE VALERO ( Venezuela) said some Governments drew up lists of countries that allegedly collaborated in the crime of terrorism while sheltering dangerous international terrorists on their own territory. Indeed, 34 years after the bombing of Cubana Airlines flight 455, in which 73 civilians had been killed, the leader of that terrorist attack remained free in the United States, which continued to refuse to extradite Luis Posada Carriles to Venezuela. On 2 July, the Salvadoran terrorist Francisco Chavez Abarca had been caught at Venezuela’s Maiquetia International Airport. He had stated that he wanted to sabotage the parliamentary elections and had the support of, among others, Luis Posada Carriles. Venezuela, therefore, reiterated the request to the United States to extradite Posada Carriles or at least prosecute him for the terrorist acts to which he had confessed.
Continuing, he said the terrorists Raúl Diaz Peña, José Antonio Colina and Germain Rodolfo Varla, sentenced to prison in Venezuela for involvement in the bombings of the Consulates of Spain and Colombia in 2003, had fled to the United States. An extradition request for Colina and Varela to the Government of the United States had been denied. They had been given refuge and protection on the grounds of political asylum. The country had also granted a visa to the fugitive Diaz Peña.
He said Venezuela was committed to the fight against terrorism in all its forms and manifestation, whatever its origin or motivation, including State terrorism, which today was one of the most evil instruments of subjugation and neo-colonial domination.
CARLOS SORRETA ( Philippines) affirmed that all countries shared the responsibility of preventing, neutralizing and combating the highly destructive scourge of terrorism. In that context, he welcomed the recent workshop in Bali organized by the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force, in which his country participated. He said the results of the workshop underscored the importance of national strategies in coordination with international and regional frameworks, such as that adopted by the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN).
The workshop also affirmed, he said, that a comprehensive strategy must include both “hard” strategies, as well as work through education, development, finance, civil society, assistance to victims and interfaith dialogue, on which the Philippines was working with Pakistan and other partners. Human rights must be respected in all efforts, and more cooperation was needed on investigation and prosecution. In that light, he welcomed seminars for prosecutors, as well as the establishment of the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), saying that both of those programmes would obtain the close participation of his country.
Finally, he cautioned Governments to exercise due care and diligence in issuing travel advisories, as they affected not just travelling citizens but also the lifeline and economy of a country that was the subject of such an advisory. Threats of terrorism must be clearly distinguished from threats posed by ordinary criminal elements. Vigilance was key in fighting terrorism, but it was also vital that balance be maintained in approaches against the scourge, he commented.
AZIZ SEVI ( Turkey) added to his delegation’s previous statement as Chair of the Counter-Terrorism Committee that the review of the listing process was crucial and the appointment of the Ombudsman welcomed, but that all human rights of all persons added to the List must be protected.
JAMES B. DONOVAN ( United States) said that, contrary to Venezuela’s statement, the United States had been active in the case of Luis Posada Carriles, in accordance with legal requirements. Removal proceedings against him remained in effect and he was scheduled to go on trial for making false statements in connection with activities abroad, as part of an ongoing series of actions consistent with legal requirements and due process.
In the case of the five Cubans mentioned, all were accorded all guarantees of due process, but convicted on charges including acting as agents of a foreign Power, conspiracy to commit espionage and conspiracy to commit murder. He said that the defendants never denied that they were covert Cuban agents and took advantage of all their rights in the course of their defence. In addition, they retained all rights accorded other prisoners as they served their prison sentences.
Taking the floor a second time, Mr. JA’AFARI ( Syria) said the “ridiculous” attempt by Israel’s representative to mix terrorism with the right of peoples to resist foreign occupation “did not fool anybody”. Through resolutions adopted by the United Nations, occupation had been deemed to be the gravest form of aggression. The Organization had documented Israeli State-terrorism since 1948, including the killing of Folke Bernadotte and the bringing down of a Syrian and Libyan plane.
Such State terrorism was now being transformed into nuclear terrorism, he continued, adding that other forms of State terrorism perpetrated by Israel included the checkpoints in the West Bank, the hundreds of settlements in occupied territory and the ongoing blockade of Gaza. Moreover, Israel’s arms trade fuelled terrorism. If killing international peace was not terrorism, then he wondered what was. The Council should stop State terrorism perpetrated by Israel and not exempt that country from scrutiny.
Mr. SALAM ( Lebanon) regretted that some representatives had used the debate to distract the Council from assessing the work of its technical committees. The legitimate right to resist occupation should not be mixed up with the issue of fighting terrorism as was being done by one country that occupied territories, attacked its neighbours and defied Council resolutions. To those who called for the need to define terrorism, he said his delegation had always tried to do just that.
Mr. NUÑEZ MOSQUERA ( Cuba) said the Council well knew that the self-confessed terrorist Posada was responsible for many acts of terrorism against his country. Despite the fact that all evidence had been handed over by Cuba, the Government of the United States had refused to instigate a trial and had instead prosecuted Posada on minor charges. The United States handling of the case was in flagrant violation of resolution 1373 (2001). The revealing declarations of the confessed terrorist Abarca proved the guilt of Posada. Among Abarca’s plans was to sink oil tankers on their way to Cuba, he added.
Continuing, he said the case of the five young Cubans was also well known, despite “the wall of silence” the United States had erected around them. While infiltrating terrorist organizations in the United States, they had discovered plans for terrorist actions in Cuba. Although the Cuban Government had provided all relevant information, the United States, instead of imprisoning terrorists, had imprisoned those who fought against it in a politically manipulated trial. If fighting terrorism was to be successful, a double standard could not prevail. He demanded that the United States Government prosecute Posada as a terrorist and that it release the five young Cuban anti-terrorism fighters.
* *** *For information media • not an official record