8 December 2010
General Assembly
GA/11033

Department of Public Information • News and Media Division • New York

Sixty-fifth General Assembly

Plenary

60th Meeting (PM)


General Assembly Notes New Strategic Relationship between Russian Federation,


United States, Their Endeavour to Reduce Role, Importance Of Nuclear Weapons


Adopts 58 Texts on Broad Spectrum of Concerns, on First Committee’s

Recommendation, from Reviving Disarmament Machinery to De-Alerting Nuclear Weapons


The General Assembly today noted with satisfaction the establishment of a new strategic relationship between the Russian Federation and the United States and the desire of the two countries to bring their respective nuclear postures into alignment with that new relationship, as well as their endeavour to reduce further the role and importance of nuclear weapons, according to one of 58 resolutions and decisions it adopted on the recommendation of its First Committee.


In a separate plenary-generated text, adopted as orally revised and by consensus, the Assembly acknowledged the vital importance of an inclusive, transparent and effective multilateral system to address urgent global challenges and, in that vein, welcomed the Assembly President’s proposal to designate “Reaffirming the central role of the United Nations in global governance” as the theme of the session’s general debate.  It welcomed his plan to organize an informal thematic debate on global governance in 2011, deciding to include a sub-item on that issue on the agenda of its sixty-fifth session.


Following closely the voting pattern of its Disarmament and International Security Committee, the Assembly passed a myriad of texts covering a spectrum of concerns, such as decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems, assuring non-nuclear-armed States against the use of such weapons, thwarting ballistic missile proliferation, and boosting multilateral disarmament negotiations amid “grave concern” about the troubling status of the disarmament machinery.


The provisions, forwarded to the Assembly for action, though overlapping in some drafts, in others, present divergent approaches to the challenges, as the disarmament community sought to recalibrate the relationship between disarmament and non-proliferation and the processes by which to achieve those aims. 


The new resolution of the Russian Federation and United States, entitled “Bilateral reductions of strategic nuclear arms and the new framework for strategic relations”, welcomes the signing of the new Treaty between them on 8 April.  The Assembly adopted the text without a vote, but prior to its approval, a separate recorded vote was taken on operative paragraph 7.


That provision, adopted by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against (Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Iran), notes with approval that the two countries had stopped the production of fissile materials for use in nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, and it expresses support for the early commencement of international negotiations within the framework of the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva for the conclusion of a verifiable treaty to end the production of fissile materials for nuclear weapons.  It also encourages the nuclear-weapon States to engage the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to monitor fissile material designated by each of those States as no longer required for military purposes.  (For details of the vote, see Annex XVII.)


Convinced that a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons would be a significant contribution to nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation was the thrust of a resolution urging the Conference on Disarmament to agree, early in 2011, on a programme of work that included the immediate commencement on negotiations on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.


The Assembly adopted that text by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against (Pakistan), with 2 abstentions (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Syria) (Annex XVIII).


Expressing deep concern at the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and convinced that every effort should be made to avoid nuclear war and nuclear terrorism, the Assembly called on nuclear-weapon States to undertake further efforts to reduce and ultimately eliminate all types of nuclear weapons, deployed and non-deployed, including through unilateral, bilateral, regional and multilateral measures.  It adopted that resolution by a recorded vote of 173 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 11 abstentions (Annex XXVIII).


Prior to adoption of the text, the Assembly took three separate recorded votes.  The first was on operative paragraph 2, reaffirming the vital importance of universality of the NPT and calling on all States not parties to the Treaty to accede as non-nuclear-weapon States promptly and without any conditions and, pending their accession to the Treaty, to adhere to its terms, as well as to take practical steps in its support.  It was adopted by 176 in favour to 4 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Bhutan) (Annex XXV).


A recorded vote of 176 in favour to 3 against (China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Pakistan), with 1 Abstention (India) retained operative paragraph 9, by which the Assembly called for the immediate commencement of negotiations on a fissile material cut-off treaty at the 2011 session of the Conference on Disarmament and its early conclusion, and call upon all nuclear-weapon States and States not party to the NPT to declare and maintain moratoriums on the production of fissile material for any nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, pending the entry into force of the treaty (Annex XXVII).


Operative paragraph 8, adopted by a recorded vote of 176 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 2 abstentions (India, Mauritius), urged all States that have not yet done so to sign and ratify the test-ban Treaty at the earliest opportunity, with a view to its early entry into force and universalization.  It stressed the importance of maintaining existing moratoriums on nuclear-weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions, pending the Treaty’s entry into force, and reaffirmed the importance of the continued development of the Treaty’s verification regime, a significant contribution to providing assurance of compliance with the Treaty (Annex XXVI).  


The Assembly, determined to achieve an international convention prohibiting the development, production, stockpiling and use of nuclear weapons, leading to the ultimate destruction, reiterated its request to the Conference on Disarmament to commence negotiations in order to reach agreement on such an international convention and asked the Conference to report to it on the results of those talks.  The resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 124 in favour to 49 against, with 11 abstentions (Annex XXXIII).


Recognizing that there now exists conditions for the establishment of a world free of nuclear weapons, and stressing the need to take concrete practical steps towards achieving that goal, the Assembly, in a wide-ranging nuclear disarmament text, urged, by a recorded vote of 120 in favour to 45 against, with 18 abstentions, the nuclear-weapon States to carry out further reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons and, pending the total elimination of nuclear weapons, to agree on an internationally and legally binding instrument not to be the first to use those weapons (Annex XI).


First, however, the Assembly approved the inclusion of operative paragraph 15 by a separate recorded vote of 168 in favour to 3 against (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Pakistan), with 7 abstentions (Estonia, France, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan).  That provision concerns the call for the immediate start of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament on a fissile material cut-off treaty (Annex X).  


A resolution entitled “Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world:  accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments” had the Assembly reiterate its grave concern at the danger to humanity posed by the possibility that nuclear weapons could be used and, in that context, welcomed the adoption by the 2010 Review Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) of a substantive final document containing conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions relating to disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation, peaceful uses of nuclear energy and the Middle East, particularly implementation of the 1995 resolution on the Middle East.  The Assembly adopted the resolution as a whole by a recorded vote of 173 in favour to 5 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, France, India, Israel, United States), with 5 abstentions (Bhutan, Federated States of Micronesia, Pakistan, Palau, United Kingdom) (Annex XV).


It agreed to include operative paragraph 12, by which it reiterated its call upon all States parties to spare no effort to achieve the universality of the NPT and, in that regard, urged India, Israel and Pakistan to accede to that Treaty as non-nuclear-weapon States, promptly and without conditions, by a recorded vote of 167 in favour to 4 against (India, Israel, Pakistan, United States), with 4 abstentions (Bhutan, France, Seychelles, Tonga) (Annex XIV).


A resolution on decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems (L.42) was adopted by a recorded vote of 157 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 22 abstentions (Annex XXIV).


First, the Assembly took a separate recorded vote on operative paragraph 1 — 161 in favour to none against, with 18 abstentions — welcoming the adoption by consensus of the Eighth Review Conference of the NPT of conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions, including the commitments of the nuclear-weapon States to promptly engage with a view to, inter alia, consider the legitimate interest of non-nuclear-weapon States in further reducing the operational status of nuclear weapons systems in ways that promote international stability and security and looks forward to the nuclear-weapon States’ report in terms of that undertaking to the NPT Review Conference Preparatory Committee in 2014 (Annex XXIII).


The Assembly reaffirmed the urgent need to reach an early agreement on effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, by another resolution, which it adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to none against, with 58 abstentions (Annex I).  


It called for a review of nuclear doctrines and, in that context, immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons, including through de-alerting and de-targeting of nuclear weapons, according to a resolution on reducing nuclear danger, which it adopted by a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 49 against, with 14 abstentions (Annex XVI). 


Concerned about the increasing regional and global security challenges caused, inter alia, by the ongoing proliferation of ballistic missiles capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction, the Assembly noted with satisfaction that 131 States had already subscribed to The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation as a practical step against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, and invited all States that had not yet subscribed to the Code of Conduct to do so.  That resolution was adopted by a recorded vote of 162 in favour to 1 Against (Iran), with 17 abstentions (Annex XXIX).


The Assembly stressed the vital importance and urgency of signature and ratification of the CTBT, without delay and without conditions, to achieve the Treaty’s earliest entry into force.  It urged all States not to carry out nuclear-weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions, to maintain their moratoriums in that regard and to refrain from acts that would defeat the object and purpose of the Treaty, while stressing that those measures did not have the same permanent and legally binding effect as the entry into force of the Treaty.  It took that action by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 Against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 3 abstentions (India, Mauritius, Syria) (Annex XL).


A separate recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, Mauritius, Pakistan) was taken to retain the sixth preambular paragraph, by which the Assembly welcomed the consensus adoption of the conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions of the 2010 NPT Review Conference, which, among other things, reaffirmed the vital importance of the entry into force of the CTBT, and included specific actions to be taken in support of its entry into force.


The Assembly adopted a resolution on follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons by a recorded vote of 133 in favour to 28 against, with 23 abstentions (Annex XXXII).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted a decision on missiles, by which it recalled its resolutions 54/54 F, 55/33 A, 56/24 B, 57/71, 58/37, 59/67, 61/59, and 63/55, and its decisions 60/515 and 62/514, and decided to include the item in its provisional agenda for its sixty-sixth session, as well as a text on preventing the acquisition by terrorists of radioactive sources.


Acting on the remaining drafts in the Committee’s so-called “nuclear weapons cluster, the Assembly adopted texts on the following:  preventing the use of information resources or technologies for criminal or terrorist purposes; establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East; establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia (Annex VI); nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas (Annexes XII and XIII); Mongolia’s international security and nuclear-weapon‑free status; and Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco).


In the area of the disarmament machinery, the Assembly adopted, among others, two resolutions concerning the Conference on Disarmament.  In the first, on the report of that body, the Assembly took into account the overwhelming call for greater flexibility with respect to commencing substantive work of the Conference without further delay on the basis of a balanced and comprehensive programme of work, as reflected in document CD/1864, and endorsed the call by Member States at the high-level meeting [in September], reflected in the Secretary-General’s summary, for the Conference to adopt a programme of work at the earliest possible date during its 2011 session.


The Assembly decided to include that provision — operative paragraph 2 — by a separate recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against (Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Iran) (Annex XXXIV).  It also retained the sixth operative paragraph, by which it requested the Secretary-General to provide support to the Conference, by a separate recorded vote of 179 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Austria, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway) (Annex XXXV).  Acting without a vote, it adopted the resolution as a whole on the Conference on Disarmament’s report.


Recognizing that the political will to advance the disarmament agenda had strengthened in recent years, but nevertheless expressing grave concern about the status of the disarmament machinery, including the decade-long lack of progress in the Conference on Disarmament, the Assembly expressed appreciation for the participation by Ministers for Foreign Affairs and other high-level officials in the high-level meeting [to revitalize the Conference], and emphasize the support voiced for the urgent need to revitalize the work of multilateral disarmament bodies and advance multilateral disarmament negotiations.  It would note with appreciation the suggestions made by Member States and the Secretary-General with regard to revitalizing the multilateral disarmament machinery.  It adopted that resolution without a vote.


Unlike last year’s consensus adoption of a text on convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament, a recorded vote was taken on a similar text this year, resulting in its adoption by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (France, Israel, Palau, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XX).


Prior to that action, a separate recorded vote was taken on the text’s operative paragraph 3, requesting the Secretary-General to provide the Open-Ended Working Group with necessary assistance and services.  That paragraph was retained by a recorded vote of 177 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions ( France, Israel, Palau, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XIX).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted seven more draft resolutions related to disarmament machinery, on:  the Report of the Disarmament Commission; United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament; United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean; thirtieth anniversary of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research; United Nations disarmament fellowship, training and advisory services; United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific; and activities of the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa.


Three resolutions were adopted unopposed in the category of other weapons of mass destruction:  Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention); Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention); and measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction.


By a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Israel, Marshall Islands, Palau, United States), Assembly recalled the long-standing determination of the international community to achieve the effective prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical and biological weapons, and upheld the 1925 Geneva Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925 (Annex VII).


Seized once again with issues of outer space (disarmament aspects of), the Assembly adopted two texts in that area.  A text on the prevention of an outer space arms race was passed by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (Israel, United States) (Annex II).  The second resolution, on transparency and confidence-building measures in outer space activities, was adopted by a recorded vote of 183 in favour to none against, with 1 abstention (United States) (Annex XXII).  


In the area of conventional weapons, the Assembly adopted five resolutions, three without a vote:  Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects; information on confidence-building measures in the field of conventional arms; assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons and collection them; and the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.


The Assembly adopted a resolution on implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, by a recorded vote of 165 in favour to none against, with 17 abstentions (Annex V).


Under the umbrella of regional disarmament and security, the Assembly adopted a series of four resolutions and one decision to, among other things, enhance cooperation, build confidence and control conventional arms.  The Assembly stressed sustained efforts were needed within the Conference on Disarmament to make progress on an entire range of disarmament issues and called upon States to conclude agreements, wherever possible, for nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence-building measures.  That broad resolution on regional disarmament was adopted without a vote, as were resolutions on confidence-building measures and strengthening of security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region.  A decision on the maintenance of international security in South-Eastern Europe was also adopted without a vote.


Aware that the preservation of a balance in the defence capabilities of States at the lowest level of armaments would contribute to peace and stability and should be a prime objective of conventional arms control, the Assembly decided to give urgent consideration to the issues involved in conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels, and requested the Conference on Disarmament to consider the formulation of principles that could serve as a framework for regional agreements on conventional arms control.  It took that action by a recorded vote of 175 in favour to 1 against (India), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Russian Federation). (Annex IV).  Prior to adopting that text as a whole, it voted to retain operative paragraph 2, concerning the request of the Conference, by a recorded vote of 145 in favour to 1 against (India), with 28 abstentions (Annex III).


Recorded votes were also taken on three draft resolutions related to other disarmament measures and international security:  promotion of multilateralism in the areas of disarmament and non-proliferation (Annex VIII); effects of the use of armaments and ammunitions containing depleted uranium (Annex IX); and preventing and combating illicit brokering activities (Annexes XXX and XXXI).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted a resolution on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures.  However, prior to that action, a recorded vote was held on operative paragraph 6, by which the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to provide the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs with adequate resources for maintaining the Programme of Action Implementation Support System.  The Assembly voted to include that provision by 182 in favour to none against, with 1 Abstention (Iran) (Annex XXI).


Seven additional texts in that cluster were adopted without a vote, on:  the relationship between disarmament and development; observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements on disarmament and arms control; developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security; women, disarmament, arms control and non-proliferation; role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (decision); United Nations Disarmament Information Programme; and disarmament and non-proliferation education.


Speaking in explanation of position or clarifying votes on the disarmament and international security items were the representatives of Mexico, France, Iran, Colombia, Niger, Nicaragua, Iceland, and Bolivia. 


Nigeria’s delegate amended the draft resolution, before action, on the United Nations Disarmament, Fellowship, Training and Advisory Services.


Introducing the General Assembly’s text on the United Nations in Global Governance was the representative of Chile. 


Speaking on that resolution were the representatives of Cuba, Algeria, Belgium (on behalf of the European Union), France, and the Russian Federation. 


The General Assembly will meet again at 10 a.m. tomorrow, 9 December, to take up an item on the commemoration of the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade, and another on global health and foreign policy.


Background


The General Assembly met to consider 20 substantive reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).  Those reports contained 58 draft texts recommended for adoption.  Two draft decisions of a more procedural nature were also forwarded to the Assembly for adoption:  on the Committee’s proposed programme of work and timetable for 2011, and programme planning.


Also before the Assembly, under its item on strengthening of the United Nations system, was a draft resolution (document A/65/L.28) and amendments to it (documents A/65/L.30 and A/65/L.37).  The draft resolution on the United Nations in Global Governance (document A/65/L.28) would have Member States reaffirm the Organization’s central role in ongoing efforts to find common solutions to global challenges.  The Assembly would decide to include in the provisional agenda of its sixty-sixth session, under the item on strengthening of the United Nations system, a new sub-item entitled “Central role of the United Nations system in global governance”.


The text would welcome the Assembly President’s proposal to designate “Reaffirming the central role of the United Nations in global governance” as the theme of the general debate of the current session, and also his intention to organize an informal thematic debate on global governance in 2011.  The Assembly would request the Secretary-General to submit at its sixty-sixth session an analytical report focusing on “global economic governance and development”, to be prepared in consultation with Member States and relevant United Nations entities, taking into account such relevant inputs as the informal thematic debate.


The first amendment (document A/65/L.30), submitted by Cuba, would replace the existing title with “Central role of the United Nations in global governance”. It would also delete the word “system” in the second operative paragraph of that draft, after the words “Central role of the United Nations”.


The second amendment (document A/65/L.37), tabled by Algeria, would add a new paragraph after the second preambular paragraph, which would read as follows:  “Reaffirming the role and authority of the General Assembly on global matters of concern to the international community, as set out in the Charter of the United Nations”.


First Committee Texts


The report on reduction of military budgets (document A/65/401), submitted by the Committee, contained no proposal for action.


Also before the Assembly was the report on the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty(document A/62/402), which contains one draft resolution of the same name.  The Assembly would, by the terms of that text (document A/C.1/65/L.54), consider that the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones, especially in the Middle East, would enhance the security of Africa and the viability of the African nuclear-weapon-free zone, and call upon African States that had not yet done so to sign and ratify the Treaty as soon as possible.


The Committee approved the draft 27 October without a vote.


The Assembly was then expected to take up the report on the consolidation of the regime established by the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco)(document A/65/403), containing one draft resolution of the same name.


That draft resolution (document A/C.1/65/L.51)would have the Assembly welcome the fact that the Treaty of Tlatelolco was in force for the sovereign States of the region.  It would urge the countries of the region that had not yet done so to sign or deposit their instruments of ratification of the amendments to the Treaty approved by the General Conference of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean.


The Assembly would encourage States that had ratified the relevant Protocols to the Treaty to review any reservation in this regard, in accordance with action 9 of the final document of the 2010 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).  It would encourage States members of the Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean to continue the activities and efforts of the Agency, with a view to implementing the agreements reached at the first and second Conferences of States Parties and Signatories to Treaties that Establish Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones.


Acting without a vote, the Committee approved the draft on 29 October, as orally amended. 


Next, the Assembly was expected to take up the report on the maintenance of international security — good neighbourliness, stability and development in South-Eastern Europe(document A/65/404).  The draft decision contained therein (document A/C.1/65/L.17)would have the Assembly decide to include the item in the provisional agenda for its sixty-seventh session.


The decision was approved by the Committee on 28 October, without a vote.


The Assembly was then expected to take up the report on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security(document A/65/405) containing one draft resolution.


By its terms (document A/C.1/65/L.37), the Assembly, considering the need to prevent the use of information resources or technologies for criminal or terrorist purposes, would call upon Member States to promote further, at multilateral levels, the consideration of existing and potential threats in the field of information security, as well as possible strategies to address the threats emerging in this field, consistent with the need to preserve the free flow of information.


The Assembly would invite all Member States to take into account the assessments and recommendations of the report of the Group of Governmental Experts on Developments in the Field of Information and Telecommunications in the Context of International Security and to inform the Secretary-General of their views on the following questions:  general appreciation of the issues of information security; efforts taken at the national level to strengthen information security and promote international cooperation in this field; the content of the concepts aimed at strengthening the security of global information and telecommunications systems; and possible measures that could be taken by the international community to strengthen information security at the global level.


The draft would also have the Assembly request the Secretary-General, with the assistance of the group of governmental experts to be established in 2012, to continue to study existing and potential threats in the sphere of information security and possible cooperative measures to address them, as well as relevant international concepts, and to submit a report on the results of this study to the Assembly at its sixty-eighth session.


The Committee approved the text, as orally amended, on 28 October, without a vote.


Next, the Assembly was expected to take up the report on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East (document A/65/406) containing one draft resolution.  By its terms (document A/C.1/65/L.1), the Assembly would urge all parties directly concerned seriously to consider taking the practical and urgent steps required for the implementation of the proposal to establish a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly, and, as a means of promoting that objective, would invite the countries concerned to adhere to the NPT.


The draft resolution would also have the Assembly call upon all countries of the region that had not yet done so, pending the establishment of the zone, to agree to place all their nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards.


The Committee approved that draft resolution on 26 October, without a vote.


The First Committee’s report on the conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/65/407) contains one draft resolution (document A/C.1/63/L.5), which would have the Assembly, among other things, recognize that the independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty of non-nuclear-weapon States needed to be safeguarded against the use or threat of use of force, including the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons.  The draft would also have the Assembly appeal to all States, especially nuclear-weapon States, to work actively towards an early agreement on a common approach and, in particular, on a common formula that could be included in an international instrument of a legally binding character.


The Committee approved the draft resolution by a recorded vote of 106 in favour to none against, with 58 abstentions, on 26 October.


The report on the prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/65/408) contained one draft resolution of the same name (document A/C.1/65/L.2).  By its terms, the Assembly would stress that the growing use of outer space increased the need for greater transparency and better information on the part of the international community and call upon all States, in particular those with major space capabilities, to contribute actively to the objective of the peaceful use of outer space and the prevention of an arms race in outer space and to refrain from actions contrary to that objective and to the relevant existing treaties in the interest of maintaining international peace and security and promoting international cooperation.


By a further term of the draft, the Assembly would invite the Conference on Disarmament to establish a working group under its agenda item entitled “Prevention of an arms race in outer space” as early as possible during its 2011 session.  It would urge States conducting activities in outer space, as well as States interested in conducting such activities, to keep the Conference informed of the progress of bilateral and multilateral negotiations on the matter, if any, so as to facilitate its work.


The Committee approved the text by a vote of 170 in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (Israel, United States), on 27 October.


The Assembly was then expected to take up the First Committee’s report on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (document A/65/409), containing one draft decision of the same name (document A/C.1/65/L.40), which would have the Assembly decide to include, in the provisional agenda of its sixty-sixth session, the item under this title.


The Committee approved the draft without a vote on 28 October.


The Assembly was then expected to take up the First Committee’s report on general and complete disarmament (document A/65/410), which contained 33 draft resolutions and 1 draft decision.


Draft resolution I, on regional disarmament (document A/C.1/65/L.4), would have the General Assembly, recalling its past resolutions on the subject, stress that sustained efforts were needed, within the framework of the Conference on Disarmament and under the umbrella of the United Nations, to make progress on an entire range of disarmament issues and call upon States to conclude agreements, wherever possible, for nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 28 October.


Draft resolution II, on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels (document A/C.1.65.L.6), would have the Assembly, believing that militarily significant States and States with larger military capabilities have a special responsibility in promoting such agreements for regional security, request the Conference on Disarmament to consider the formulation of principles that can serve as a framework for regional agreements on conventional arms control and looks forward to a report of the Conference on this subject.


Aware that the preservation of a balance in the defence capabilities of States at the lowest level of armaments would contribute to peace and stability and should be a prime objective of conventional arms control, the Assembly would decide to give urgent consideration to the issues involved in conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels.


The Committee approved the inclusion of operative paragraph 2 by a separate recorded vote of 132 in favour to 1 against (India), with 26 abstentions.  Operative paragraph 2 would have the Assembly request the Conference on Disarmament to consider the formulation of principles that can serve as a framework for regional agreements on conventional arms control and look forward to a report of the Conference on this subject.


The Committee then approved the draft as a whole by a vote of 162 in favour to 1 against (India), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Russian Federation), on 28 October.


Draft resolution III, on confidence-building measures in the regional and subregional context (document A/C.1/65/L.7), would have the Assembly call upon Member States to refrain from the use or threat of use of force in accordance with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.  The draft would also have the Assembly urge States to comply strictly with all bilateral, regional and international agreements, including arms control and disarmament agreements, to which they are party.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 28 October.


Draft resolution IV, on implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (document A/C.1/65/L.8), would have the Assembly renew its call upon all States and other relevant parties to work together to promote, support and advance the care, rehabilitation and social and economic reintegration of mine victims, mine risk education programmes and the removal and destruction of anti-personnel mines placed or stockpiled throughout the world.


The Assembly would also urge all States to remain seized of the issue at the highest political level and, where in a position to do so, to promote adherence to the Convention through bilateral, subregional, regional and multilateral contacts, outreach, seminars and other means.


The draft would also have the Assembly, noting with regret that anti-personnel mines were still used in some conflicts around the world, causing human suffering and impeding post-conflict development, stress the importance of the full and effective implementation of and compliance with the Convention, including through the continued implementation of the Cartagena Action Plan 2010-2014.


The Committee approved the text, as orally revised, by a recorded vote of 155 in favour to none against, with 18 abstentions, on 27 October.


Draft resolution V, on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia (document A/C.1/65/L.10), would have the Assembly emphasize the role of the agreement on a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia in promoting cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and in the environmental rehabilitation of territories affected by radioactive contamination, and the importance of stepping up efforts to ensure the safe and reliable storage of radioactive waste in the Central Asian States.


The draft would also have the Assembly welcome the adoption at the 2010 NPT Review Conference of two working papers on the agreement on a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia and on the environmental consequences of uranium mining.


The Committee approved the draft resolution by a recorded vote of 131 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 33 abstentions.


Draft resolution VI, on assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons and collecting them (document A/C.1/65/L.11), would have the Assembly express deep concern about the magnitude of human casualty and suffering, especially among children, caused by the illicit proliferation and use of small arms and light weapons, and contained a number of provisions aimed at combating that scourge.


The draft would, among its other terms, have the Assembly call on the international community to provide technical and financial support to strengthen the capacity of civil society organizations to take action to combat the illicit small arms and light weapons trade.  It would invite the Secretary-General and those States and organizations in a position to do so to provide assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in those weapons and collecting them.  The Assembly would encourage the international community to support implementation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, Their Ammunition and Other Related Materials.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 27 October.


Draft resolution VII, on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol (document A/C.1/65/L.12), would have the Assembly recall the long-standing determination of the international community to achieve the effective prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical and biological weapons, as well as the continuing support for measures to uphold the authority of the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, signed at Geneva on 17 June 1925.


The draft text would also have the Assembly renew its call to all States to strictly observe the principles and objectives of the Protocol, and call on those States that continued to maintain reservations to the 1925 Geneva Protocol to withdraw them.


The Committee approved the text by a recorded vote of 168 in favour to none against, with 3 abstentions (Israel, Marshall Islands, United States), on 27 October.


Draft resolution XIII, on the relationship between disarmament and development (document A/C.1/65/L.13), would have the Assembly, concerned at increasing global military expenditure, which could otherwise be spent on development needs, stress the central role of the United Nations in the disarmament-development relationship and request the Secretary-General to further strengthen the role of the Organization in this field.


Stressing the importance of the symbiotic relationship between disarmament and development and the important role of security in this connection, the Assembly would, by the text, urge the international community to devote part of the resources made available by the implementation of disarmament and arms limitation agreements to economic and social development, with a view to reducing the ever-widening gap between developed and developing countries.


The Committee approved the text without a vote, on 28 October.


Draft resolution IX, on the observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements on disarmament and arms control (document A/C.1/65/L.14), would have the Assembly call upon States to adopt unilateral, bilateral, regional and multilateral measures so as to contribute to ensuring the application of scientific and technological progress within the framework of international security, disarmament and other related spheres, without detriment to the environment or to its effective contribution to attaining sustainable development.


The Committee approved the text without a vote, on 28 October.


Draft resolution X, on the promotion of multilateralism in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation (document A/C.1/65/L.15), would have the Assembly stress that international cooperation, the peaceful settlement of disputes, dialogue and confidence-building measures would contribute to the creation of multilateral and bilateral friendly relations among peoples and nations, and reaffirm multiculturalism as the core principle in negotiations in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation.


The draft text would also have the Assembly urge the participation of all interested States in multilateral negotiations on arms regulation, non-proliferation and disarmament in a non-discriminatory and transparent manner, and call upon all Member States to renew and fulfil their individual and collective commitments to multilateral cooperation as an important means of pursuing and achieving their common objectives in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation.


The Assembly would also, by the draft, request the States parties to the relevant instruments on weapons of mass destruction to consult and cooperate among themselves in resolving their concerns regarding cases of non-compliance and on implementation, as well as to refrain from resorting or threatening to resort to unilateral actions or directing unverified non-compliance accusations against one another to resolve their concerns.


The Committee approved the draft by a recorded vote of 117 in favour to 4 against ( Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, United Kingdom, United States) with 48 abstentions, on 28 October.


A draft decision on missiles (document A/C.1/65/L.18) would have the  Assembly, recalling its resolutions 54/54 F, 55/33 A, 56/24 B, 57/71, 58/37, 59/67, 61/59, and 63/55, and its decisions 60/515 and 62/514, decide to include in its provisional agenda for its sixty-sixth session the item entitled “Missiles”.


Acting without a vote, the Committee approved the decision on 26 October.


Draft resolution XI, on the effects of the use of armaments and ammunitions containing depleted uranium (document A/C.1/65/L.19), would have the Assembly invite Member States and international organizations to report to the Secretary-General their views on the subject, and those States that have used these weapons in armed conflicts to provide the relevant authorities of affected States, upon request, with information, as detailed as possible, about the location of the areas of use and the amounts used, with the objective of facilitating the assessment of such areas.


The Committee approved the text by a vote of 136 in favour to 4 against ( France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States) with 28 abstentions, on 28 October.


Draft resolution XII, on nuclear disarmament (document A/C.1/65/L.22), would have the General Assembly stress the importance of the 13 steps for the systematic and progressive efforts to achieve the objective of nuclear disarmament leading to the total elimination of nuclear weapons, as agreed to by the States parties in the final document of the 2000 NPT Review Conference.  The draft would also have the Assembly recognize the important work of the 2010 Review Conference and express that its plan of action was an impetus to intensify work aimed at beginning negotiations for a nuclear weapons convention.


Further to that wide-ranging text, the Assembly, seized of the danger of the use of weapons of mass destruction, particularly nuclear weapons, in terrorist acts and the urgent need for concerted international efforts to control and overcome it, would welcome and encourage the efforts to establish new nuclear-weapon-free zones in different parts of the world, including the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons, on the basis of agreements or arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the regions concerned.


The draft resolution would, among other things, have the Assembly urge nuclear-weapon States to commence plurilateral negotiations among themselves at an appropriate stage on further deep reductions on nuclear weapons as an effective measure of nuclear disarmament.  The Assembly also urge those States to carry out further reductions of non-strategic nuclear weapons, based on unilateral initiatives and as an integral part of the nuclear arms reduction and disarmament process.  The Assembly would call for the immediate commencement of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament on a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally and effectively verifiable treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.


The Assembly would urge nuclear-weapon States to stop immediately the qualitative improvement, development, production and stockpiling of nuclear warheads and their delivery systems, and, as an interim measure, to de-alert and deactivate immediately their nuclear weapons and to take concrete measures to reduce further the operation status of their nuclear-weapon systems, while stressing that reductions in deployments and in operational status could not substitute for irreversible cuts in, and the total elimination of, nuclear weapons.


Further terms of the text would have the Assembly call upon nuclear-weapon States to undertake the step-by-step reduction of the nuclear threat and to carry out effective nuclear disarmament measures with a view to achieving the total elimination of those weapons within a specified framework of time.  It would also have the Assembly call upon nuclear-weapon States, pending the achievement of the total elimination of nuclear weapons, to agree on an internationally and legally binding instrument on a joint undertaking not to be the first to use nuclear weapons, and calls upon all States to conclude an internationally and legally binding instrument on security assurances of non-use and non-threat of use of nuclear weapons against non-nuclear-weapon States.


The Assembly would also, by the draft, call for the conclusion of an international legal instrument or instruments on adequate security assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States, for the early entry into force and strict observance of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), and for the convening of an international conference on nuclear disarmament in all is aspects at an early date to identify and deal with concrete measures of nuclear disarmament.


The Committee approved the inclusion of operative paragraph 15 by a separate recorded vote of 135 in favour to 22 against, with 8 abstentions (Georgia, Guinea Bissau, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan), on 27 October.  Operative paragraph 15 concerned the call for the immediate start of negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament on a fissile material cut-off treaty.


The Committee then approved the draft resolution as a whole by a vote of 107 in favour to 44 against, with 20 abstentions, on 27 October.


Draft resolution XIII, on the implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention) (document A/C.1/64/L.23), would have the Assembly stress the importance to the Convention that all possessors of chemical weapons, chemical weapons production facilities or chemical weapons development facilities, including previously declared possessor States, should be among the States parties to the Convention, and welcome progress to that end.  It would stress that the full and effective implementation of all provisions of the Convention, including those on national implementation (article VII) and assistance and protection (article X), constituted an important contribution to the efforts of the United Nations in the global fight against terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.


The Assembly would further stress the importance of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in verifying compliance with the Convention as well as in promoting the timely and efficient accomplishment of all its objectives, and would urge all States parties to meet in full and on time their obligations under the Convention and to support OPCW in its implementation activities.  It would reaffirm that the Convention’s provisions should be implemented in a manner that avoided hampering the economic or technological development of States parties and international cooperation in the field of chemical activities for purposes not prohibited under the Convention, including the international exchange of scientific and technical information, and chemicals and equipment for the production, processing or use of chemicals for purposes not prohibited under the Convention.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 27 October.


Draft resolution XIV, on nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas (document A/C.1/64/L.24), would have the Assembly welcome the continued contribution that the Antarctic Treaty and the Treaties of Tlatelolco, Rarotonga, Bangkok and Pelindaba were making towards freeing the southern hemisphere and adjacent areas covered by those treaties from nuclear weapons.  It would note, with satisfaction, that all nuclear-weapon-free zones in the southern hemisphere and adjacent areas were now in force.


By further terms of the draft text, the Assembly would call upon all concerned States to work together to facilitate adherence to the protocols to nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties by all relevant States that had not yet adhered to them and, in that regard, note the positive announcement of the United States to conduct consultations with the parties to the nuclear-weapon-free zones in Central and Southeast Asia, in an effort to sign and ratify relevant protocols.


The Assembly would welcome the progress made on increased collaboration within and between zones at the Second Conference of States Parties and Signatories to Treaties that Establish Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zones and Mongolia, held in New York on 30 April, at which States had noted their intention to foster cooperation among the nuclear-weapon-free zones to fully implement the principles and objectives of the treaties and exchange relevant ideas and best practices in areas of mutual interest.


The Committee voted to retain operative paragraph 5 by a vote of 155 in favour to 1 against ( India), with 7 abstentions ( Bhutan, France, Israel, Pakistan, Tonga, United Kingdom, United States).  Operative paragraph 5 would have the Assembly welcome “the steps taken to conclude further nuclear-weapon-free-zone treaties on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at among the States of the region concerned, and calls upon all States to consider all relevant proposals, including those reflected in its resolutions on the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones in the Middle East and South Asia”.


The Committee then approved the draft resolution as a whole on 26 October by a vote of 156 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 4 abstentions (India, Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Pakistan).


Draft resolution XV, towards a nuclear-weapon-free world:  accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments (document A/C.1/65/L.25), would have the Assembly welcome the adoption by the 2010 NPT Review Conference of a substantive final document containing conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions relating to disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation, peaceful uses of nuclear energy and the Middle East, particularly implementation of the 1995 resolution on the Middle East. 


The Assembly would also welcome the call by the Review Conference for nuclear-weapon States to further enhance transparency, so as to increase mutual confidence, and would acknowledge recent positive steps in that regard and call upon all nuclear weapon States to undertake activities in that regard at an early date.  The Assembly would stress the importance of the commitment made by the nuclear-weapon States at the Review Conference to accelerate concrete progress on the steps leading to nuclear disarmament, contained in the final document of the 2000 Review Conference, and of their prompt engagement with a view to ensuring substantial progress in advance of the 2014 session of the Preparatory Committee for the 2015 Review Conference.


Further to that text, the Assembly would encourage those States to regularly report on the implementation of their commitments under the action plan on nuclear disarmament, adopted by the 2010 Review Conference.  The Assembly would encourage further steps by all nuclear-weapon States, in accordance with the action plan, to ensure the irreversible removal of all fissile material designated by each of them as no longer required for military purposes, and to support the development of appropriate verification capabilities related to nuclear disarmament.


The Assembly would also call on all NPT States parties to work towards the full implementation of the resolution on the Middle East adopted at the 1995 Review and Extension Conference.  It would further call on the Secretary-General and the co-sponsors of that resolution, as well as on other relevant States and organizations, to undertake necessary preparations to implement the practical steps agreed at the 2010 Review Conference in that regard.  The draft text would also have the Assembly call upon all States to comply with all commitments made regarding nuclear disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation and not to act in any way that might compromise either cause or that might lead to a new arms race.


The text would also have the Assembly urge the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to fulfil the commitments under the six-party talks, including those in the September 2005 joint statement, to abandon all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programmes, and to return, at an early date, to the Treaty and to its adherence with IAEA safeguards agreement, with a view to achieving the denuclearization of the Korean peninsula in a peaceful manner.


The Committee approved the inclusion of operative paragraph 12 by a separate recorded vote of 151 in favour to 4 against (India, Israel, Pakistan, United States), with 4 abstentions (Bhutan, France, Seychelles, Tonga).  Operative paragraph 12 would have the Assembly reiterate its call upon all States parties to spare no effort to achieve the universality of the NPT and, in that regard, urge India, Israel and Pakistan to accede to that Treaty as non-nuclear-weapon States, promptly and without conditions.


The Committee then approved the draft resolution as a whole on 26 October by a vote of 158 in favour to 5 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, France, United States), with 4 abstentions (Bhutan, United Kingdom, Federated States of Micronesia, Pakistan).


Draft resolution XVI, on reducing nuclear danger (document A/C.1/64/L.27), would have the Assembly call for a review of nuclear doctrines and, in that context, immediate and urgent steps to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons, including through de-alerting and de-targeting of nuclear weapons.  By the draft, the Assembly would also call upon Member States to take the necessary measures to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons in all its aspects and to promote nuclear disarmament, with the objective of eliminating nuclear weapons.


The Committee approved the draft resolution by a recorded vote of 103 in favour to 48 against, with 14 abstentions, on 26 October.


Draft resolution XVII, on bilateral reductions of strategic nuclear arms and the new framework for strategic relations (document A/C.1/65/L.28/Rev.1), would have the Assembly welcome the signing of the Treaty between the Russian Federation and the United States on Measures for Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms (the New START Treaty) on 8 April, and support the consistent commitment of the two countries to the continuation of efforts for reducing strategic offensive arms.  It would recognize that the New START Treaty would foster more favourable conditions for actively promoting security and cooperation and strengthening international stability.


The Assembly would recognize the importance of the contributions made by Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation, United States and Ukraine, as States parties to the START treaty, to nuclear disarmament as part of their commitment to fulfilling their obligations under article VI of the NPT.


The text would also have the Assembly welcome the fact that the successful implementation of the START Treaty by the parties resulted in the reduction of their deployed strategic nuclear weapons by approximately 30 per cent during the 15-year span of that Treaty, thereby promoting security and cooperation and strengthening international stability.  It would express the hope that CTBT would enter into force at an early date. 


By a further term of that text, the Assembly would note with approval that the Russian Federation and the United States had stopped the production of fissile materials for use in nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, express support for the early commencement of international negotiations within the framework of an approved programme of work of the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva for the conclusion of a verifiable treaty to end the production of fissile materials for use in nuclear weapons or other explosive devices.  It would encourage the nuclear-weapon States to engage IAEA to monitor fissile material designated by each of those States as no longer required for military purposes.


The Committee approved, by a separate recorded vote, the inclusion of operative paragraph 7, concerning fissile material, by 163 in favour to 1 against (Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Iran). 


It approved the draft resolution as a whole without a vote, on 29 October.


Draft resolution XVIII, on measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction (document A/C.1/64/L.29), would have the Assembly call upon all Member States to support international efforts to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction and appeal to them to consider early accession and ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.  By the draft, the Assembly would also urge Member States to take and strengthen national measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction, their means of delivery and materials and technologies related to their manufacture.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 27 October.


Draft resolution XIX, on information on confidence-building measures on the field of conventional arms (document A/C.1/65/L.31), would have the Assembly, considering the important role that confidence-building measures in the field of conventional arms could play in creating favourable conditions for progress in the field of disarmament, encourage Member States to continue to adopt confidence-building measures in the field of conventional arms and to provide information in that regard.


The draft would also have the Assembly welcome the establishment of the electronic database containing information provided by Member States, and request the Secretary-General to keep the database updated and to assist Member States, at their request, in the organization of seminars, courses and workshops aimed at enhancing the knowledge of new developments in this field.


The Committee approved the text without a vote, on 27 October. 


Draft resolution XX on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects (document A/C.1/65/L.32), would have the Assembly underline the fact that the issue of the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects required concerted efforts at the national, regional and international levels to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit manufacture, transfer and circulation of small arms and light weapons and that their uncontrolled spread in many regions of the world had a wide range of humanitarian and socio-economic consequences and poses a serious threat to peace, reconciliation, safety, security, stability and sustainable development at the individual, local, national, regional and international levels.


The Assembly would also encourage all initiatives, including those of the United Nations, other international organizations, regional and subregional organizations, non-governmental organizations and civil society, for the successful implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, and call upon all Member States to contribute towards the continued implementation of the Programme of Action at the national, regional and global levels.


It would further encourage all efforts to build national capacity for the effective implementation of the Programme of Action, including those highlighted in the report of the Fourth Biennial Meeting of States, and decide that, in conformity with General Assembly resolution 64/50, the open-ended meeting of Governmental experts, convened to address key implementation challenges and opportunities relating to particular issues and themes, including international cooperation and assistance, shall be held in New York from 9 to 13 May 2011.


The Assembly would also call upon all States to implement the International Tracing Instrument by, inter alia, including in their national reports the name and contact information of the national points of contact and information on national marking practices used to indicate country of manufacture and/or country of import, as applicable.  By the draft, the Assembly would also recognize the urgent need to maintain and enhance national controls to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.


Before acting on the draft, an oral statement in connection with the draft resolution had been read out by the Secretariat pertaining to proposed meetings in 2011 and 2012, in accordance with rule 153 of the Rules of Procedure. 


The Committee then approved the draft resolution, as orally amended, by a vote of 167 in favour to none against, with 1 abstention (Mexico), on 29 October.


Draft resolution XXI, on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices (document A/C.1/65/L.33), would have the General Assembly urge the Conference on Disarmament to agree early in 2011 on a programme of work that included the immediate commencement on negotiations on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.


The Committee approved the text on 26 October by a vote of 163 in favour to 1 against (Pakistan), with 2 abstentions (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Syria).


Draft resolution XXII, on convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament (document A/C.1/65/L.35), would have the Assembly emphasize the importance of multilateralism in the process of disarmament, arms control, non-proliferation and related international security matters.  It would also have the Assembly express deep concern that the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament, yet to be convened despite efforts made in this regard, and decide to convene an open-ended working group, working on the basis of consensus, to consider the objectives and agenda, including the possible establishment of the preparatory commit, for the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament.


The Committee approved the inclusion of operative paragraph 3 by a separate recorded vote of 164 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions ( France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States).  Operative paragraph 3 reads:  “requests the Secretary-General, from within available resources, to provide the Open-ended Working Group with the necessary assistance and services as may be required to discharge its tasks”.


The Committee then approved the draft as a whole, as orally revised, by a vote of 164 to none against, with 4 abstentions (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States), on 29 October.


Draft resolution XXIII, on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures (document A/C.1/65/L.36), would have the Assembly stress the particular relevance of the “Guidelines on conventional arms control/limitation and disarmament, with particular emphasis on consolidation of peace in the context of General Assembly”, resolution 51/45 N.


Also according to the draft, the Assembly would welcome the activities undertaken by the Group of Interested States and invite the Group to promote, on the basis of lessons learned from previous disarmament and peacebuilding projects, new practical disarmament measures to consolidate peace, especially as undertaken or designed by affected States themselves, regional and subregional organizations as well as United Nations agencies.  It would also encourage, in this regard, the Group to function as an informal, open and transparent forum supporting the implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects, and encourage the Group to facilitate the exchange of views on issues related to the United Nations small arms process as well as to facilitate the effective matching of needs and resources in accordance with the outcome of the fourth biennial meeting of States.


The Committee voted to include, an orally revised, operative paragraph 6 by a separate recorded vote of 166 in favour, to none against, and 1 abstention (Iran).  Operative paragraph 6 would have the Assembly request the Secretary-General to provide the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs with resources adequate for maintaining the Programme of Action Implementation Support System as from 2012, thus securing its important role in identifying and communicating information on needs and resources so as to enhance the implementation of the Programme of Action.


The Committee then approved the draft resolution as a whole without a vote, on 28 October.


Draft resolution XXIV, on transparency and confidence-building measures in outer space activities (document A/C.1/65/L.38), would have the Assembly take note of the final report of the Secretary-General containing concrete proposals from Member States on international outer space transparency and confidence-building measures.


Also by the text, the Assembly would also request the Secretary-General to establish, on the basis of equitable geographical distribution, a group of governmental experts to conduct a study commencing in 2012 on outer space transparency and confidence-building measures, making use of the relevant reports of Secretary-General, including the report submitted to the General Assembly at its sixty-fifth session, and without prejudice to the substantive discussions on the prevention of an arms race in outer space within the framework of the Conference on Disarmament, and to submit to the General Assembly at its sixty-eighth session a report containing in its annex the study of Governmental experts.


The Committee approved the draft by a vote of 167 in favour to none against, with 1 abstention (United States), on 29 October.


Draft resolution XXV, on women, disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control (document A/C.1/65/L.39/Rev.1), would have the Assembly urge Member States, regional organizations, the United Nations and specialized agencies to ensure equitable representation of women at all decision-making levels, in particular, in the security sector, which may make or influence policy with regard to matters related to disarmament, arms control and non-proliferation.


Also by the draft, the Assembly would call on all States to support and strengthen the involvement of women in organizations in the field of disarmament at the local, national and regional levels. 


Acting without a vote, the Committee approved the draft resolution on 28 October.


Draft resolution XXVI, on Mongolia’s international security and nuclear-weapon‑free status (document A/C.1/65/L.41), would have the Assembly, proceeding from the fact that nuclear-weapon-free status is one of the means of ensuring the national security of States, welcome the efforts made by Member States to cooperate with Mongolia in implementing resolution 63/56, as well as the progress made in consolidating Mongolia’s international security.


The Assembly, bearing in mind the joint statement of the five nuclear-weapon States on security assurances to Mongolia in connection with its nuclear-weapon-free status as a contribution to implementing resolution 53/77 D, as well as their commitment to Mongolia to cooperate in the implementation of the resolution, in accordance with the principles of the Charter, would appeal to the Member States of the Asia and Pacific region to support Mongolia’s efforts to join the relevant regional security and economic arrangements.


Acting without a vote, the Committee approved the draft on 26 October.


Draft resolution XXVII, on decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems (document A/C.1/65/L.42), would have the Assembly, recalling that the maintenance of nuclear weapons on high alert was a feature of cold war nuclear postures, and welcoming the increased confidence and transparency since the cessation of the cold war, call for further practical steps to be taken to decrease the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems, with a view to ensuring that all nuclear weapons are removed from high alert status.  The Assembly would also urge States to update the General Assembly on progress made in the implementation of the present resolution.


The Committee approved including operative paragraph 1 by a separate recorded vote of 145 in favour to 1 against (United Kingdom), with 18 abstentions.  Operative paragraph 1 would have the Assembly “welcome the adoption by consensus of the Eighth Review Conference of the NPT of “conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions” including the commitments of the nuclear-weapon States to promptly engage with a view to, inter alia, consider the legitimate interest of non-nuclear-weapon States in further reducing the operational status of nuclear weapons systems in ways that promote international stability and security and looks forward to the nuclear-weapon States’ report in terms of that undertaking to the NPT Review Conference Preparatory Committee in 2014”. 


The Committee then approved the draft resolution as a whole, on 27 October, by a vote of 144 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 22 abstentions.


Draft resolution XXVIII, on united action towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/C.1/65/L.43), would have the Assembly, expressing deep concern at the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and reaffirming the need for all States at all times to comply with applicable international law, including international humanitarian law, while convinced that every effort should be made to avoid nuclear war and nuclear terrorism, would call upon nuclear-weapon States to undertake further efforts to reduce and ultimately eliminate all types of nuclear weapons, deployed and non-deployed, including through unilateral, bilateral, regional and multilateral measures.


The draft would also have the Assembly urge all States that had not yet done so to sign and ratify the CTBT at the earliest opportunity, with a view to its early entry into force and universalization.  The Assembly would also call for the immediate commencement of negotiations on a fissile material cut-off treaty at the 2011 session of the Conference on Disarmament and its early conclusion, and call upon all nuclear-weapon States and States not parties to the NPT to declare and maintain moratoriums on the production of fissile material for any nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices pending the entry into force of the treaty.


The Committee voted to retain operative paragraph 2 by a recorded vote of 158 in favour to 4 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Bhutan) on 26 October.  Operative paragraph 2 would have the Assembly reaffirm the vital importance of universality of the NPT and call on all States not parties to the Treaty to accede as non-nuclear-weapon States promptly and without any conditions and, pending their accession to the Treaty, to adhere to its terms as well as to take practical steps in its support.


Following that vote, the Committee approved the inclusion of operative paragraph 9 by a recorded vote of 155 in favour to 3 against (China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Pakistan), with 1 abstention (India).  That provision would have the Assembly call for the immediate commencement of negotiations on a fissile material cut-off treaty at the 2011 session of the Conference on Disarmament and its early conclusion, and call upon all nuclear-weapon States and States not party to the NPT to declare and maintain moratoriums on the production of fissile material for any nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, pending the entry into force of the treaty.


The Committee then voted to retain operative paragraph 8 by a recorded vote of 157 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 2 abstentions (India, Mauritius).  Operative paragraph 8 would have the Assembly urge all States that have not yet done so to sign and ratify the test-ban Treaty at the earliest opportunity, with a view to its early entry into force and universalization.  It would stress the importance of maintaining existing moratoriums on nuclear-weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions, pending the Treaty’s entry into force, and reaffirm the importance of the continued development of the Treaty’s verification regime, a significant contribution to providing assurance of compliance with the Treaty.


After that action, the Committee approved the draft resolution as a whole on 26 October by a recorded vote of 154 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 13 abstentions.


Draft resolution XXIX, on The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (document A/C.1/65/L.45/Rev.1), would have the Assembly, concerned about the increasing regional and global security challenges caused, inter alia, by the ongoing proliferation of ballistic missiles capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction, note with satisfaction that 131 States had already subscribed to The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation as a practical step against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, and would invite all States that had not yet subscribed to the Code of Conduct to do so.


It would also welcome progress in implementation of the Code, which contributed to enhancing transparency and building confidence among States through the submission of pre-launch notifications and annual declarations on space and ballistic missile activity, and encourage the exploration of further ways and means to deal effectively with the problem of the proliferation of ballistic missiles capable of delivering mass destruction weapons.


The Committee approved the draft by a recorded vote of 149 in favour to 1 against (Iran), with 18 abstentions, on 29 October.


Draft resolution XXX, on preventing the acquisition by terrorists of radioactive sources (document A/C.1/65/L.46/Rev.1), would have the Assembly call upon Member States to support international efforts to prevent the acquisition and use by terrorists of radioactive materials and sources, and, if necessary, suppress such acts, in accordance with their national legal authorities and legislation and consistent with international law. 


The Assembly would urge Member States to take and strengthen national measures, as appropriate, to prevent the acquisition and use by terrorists of radioactive materials and sources, as well as terrorist attacks on nuclear plants and facilities which would result in radioactive releases, and, if necessary, suppress such acts, in particular by taking effective measures to account for, secure and physically protect such facilities, materials and sources in accordance with their international obligations.


Member States would be encouraged to enhance their national capacities with appropriate means of detection and related architecture or systems, including through international cooperation and assistance in conformity with international law and regulations, with a view to reflecting and preventing the illicit trafficking of radioactive materials and sources.  Member States that had not yet done so would also be encouraged to become party to the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, as soon as possible, in accordance with their legal and constitutional processes.


The Assembly would invite Member States, particularly those producing and distributing radioactive sources, to support and endorse the efforts of IAEA to enhance the safety and security of radioactive sources and to enhance the security of those sources as described in the Agency’s Nuclear Security Plan for 2010-2013.  All States would be urged to work towards following the guidance contained in the Agency’s Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources and, as appropriate, the guidance on the import and export of radioactive sources, and encouraged to notify the Agency’s Director General of their intention to do so.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 29 October.


Draft resolution XXXI, on the preventing and combating illicit brokering activities (document A/C.1/65/L.49/Rev.1), would have the Assembly underline the commitment of Member States to address the threat posed by illicit brokering activities and encourage Member States to fully implement relevant international treaties, instruments and resolutions to prevent and combat illicit brokering activities.  It would also take note of the recommendations contained in the report of the Group of Governmental Experts on illicit brokering.  It would call upon Member States to establish appropriate national laws and/or measures to prevent and combat illicit brokering of conventional arms, materials, equipment and technology that could contribute to the proliferation of mass destruction weapons and their delivery means, in a manner consistent with international law.


The Committee decided to include, by a separate recorded vote of 166 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 2 abstentions (Iran, Syria), the phrase materials “and recognizing, in this regard, existing efforts at all levels” [consistent with international law], in preambular paragraph 12, which would have the Assembly encourage cooperation among Member States to prevent and combat illicit trafficking in nuclear materials.


The Committee approved preambular paragraph 12 on 28 October by a recorded vote of 166 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 2 abstentions (Iran, Syria).  Then, by a recorded vote of 171 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 1 abstention (Iran), it approved the draft as a whole. 


Draft resolution XXXII, on follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons (document A/C.1/65/L.50), would have the Assembly take into account the recent progress on the nuclear weapons convention and on the application of international humanitarian law to nuclear weapons.


The Committee approved the draft resolution on 29 October by a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 27 against, with 22 abstentions.


Draft resolution XXXIII, on the United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education (document A/C.1/65/L.53), would have the Assembly, conscious of the need to combat the negative effects of cultures of violence and complacency in the face of current dangers in this field through long-term programmes of education and training, request the Secretary-General to prepare a report reviewing the results of the implementation of the recommendations and possible new opportunities for promoting disarmament and non-proliferation education, and to submit it to the General Assembly at its sixty-seventh session.


Acting without a vote, the Committee approved the draft, on 28 October.


The Committee was then expected to take up a report on the review and implementation of the Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the General Assembly (document A/65/411) containing seven draft resolutions.


Draft resolution I, on the United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament (document A/C.1/65/L.16), would have the Assembly, recognizing that the changes that have taken place in the world have created new opportunities, as well as posed new challenges for the pursuit of disarmament, and, in this regard, bearing in mind that the regional centres for peace and disarmament can contribute substantially to understanding and cooperation among States in each particular region in the areas of peace, disarmament and development, reaffirm that, in order to achieve positive results, it is useful for the three regional centres to carry out dissemination and educational programmes that promote regional peace and security and that are aimed at changing basic attitudes with respect to peace and security and disarmament so as to support the achievement of the purposes and principles of the United Nations.


The Committee approved the text, as orally revised, without a vote, on 29 October.


Draft resolution II, on the United Nations Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean (document A/C.1/65/L.21), would have the General Assembly welcome the support provided by the Centre to Member States in the implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.  The draft would also have it appeal to States, in particular those within the region, and to international governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations to make and to increase voluntary contributions to strengthen the Regional Centre.


The Committee approved the text without a vote, on 29 October. 


Draft resolution III, on a convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons (document A/C.1/64/L.26), would have the General Assembly, convinced that the use of nuclear weapons posed the most serious threat to the survival of mankind and stressing that an international convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons would be an important step in a phased programme towards the complete elimination of nuclear weapons within a specified time frame, would reiterate its request to the Conference on Disarmament to commence negotiations to reach an agreement on such a convention.


The Committee approved the draft by a recorded vote of 107 in favour to 48 against, with 11 abstentions, on 26 October.


Draft resolution IV, on the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme (document A/C.1/65/L.52), would have the Assembly stress the importance of the Programm as a significant instrument in enabling all Member States to participate fully in the deliberations and negotiations on disarmament in the various United Nations bodies, in assisting them in complying with treaties, as required, and in contributing to agreed mechanisms for transparency.


An oral amendment to paragraph 5(c) was accepted by the Committee as follows:  “To encourage the use of the Programme as a means to provide information related to progress on the implementation of nuclear disarmament measures.”


The Committee approved the draft, as orally amended, without a vote, on 28 October.


Draft resolution VI, on the United Nations disarmament fellowship, training and advisory services (document A/C.1/65/L.55/Rev.1), would have the Assembly express its appreciation to all Member States and organizations that have consistently supported the programme throughout the years, thereby contributing to its success; in particular to the Governments of Germany and Japan for the continuation of extensive and highly educative study visits for the participants in the programme, to the Government of the People’s Republic of China for organizing a study visit for the fellows in the area of disarmament in 2007 and to the Government of Switzerland for organizing a study visit in 2008.


The Assembly would also, by the text, express its appreciation to IAEA, OPCW, the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization and the James Martin Center for Non-proliferation Studies of the Monterey Institute of International Studies for having organized specific study programmes in the field of disarmament in their respective areas of competence, thereby contributing to the objectives of the programme.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 29 October.


Draft resolution VI, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific (document A/C.1/65/L.56), would have the Assembly express its satisfaction for the activities carried out in the past year by the Regional Centre, and invite all States of the region to continue to support the Centre’s activities including by continuing to take part in the activities, where possible, and by proposing items for inclusion in its programme of activities in order to contribute to the implementation of measures of peace and disarmament.


The draft would also have the Assembly appeal to Member States, in particular those within the Asia-Pacific region, as well as to international governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations, to make voluntary contributions, the only resources of the Regional Centre, to strengthen the programme of activities of the Centre and the implementation thereof.  In addition, the Assembly would, by the text, underline the importance of the Kathmandu process for the development of the practice of region-wide security and disarmament dialogues.


The Committee approved the text without a vote, on 29 October.


Draft resolution VI, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific (document A/C.1/65/L.56), would have the Assembly express its satisfaction for the activities carried out in the past year by the Regional Centre, and invite all States of the region to continue to support the Centre’s activities, including by continuing to take part in the activities, where possible, and by proposing items for inclusion in its programme of activities in order to contribute to the implementation of measures of peace and disarmament.


The draft would also have the Assembly appeal to Member States, in particular those within the Asia-Pacific region, as well as to international governmental and non-governmental organizations and foundations, to make voluntary contributions, the only resources of the Regional Centre, to strengthen the programme of activities of the Centre and the implementation thereof.  In addition, the Assembly would, by the text, underline the importance of the Kathmandu process for the development of the practice of region-wide security and disarmament dialogues.


The Committee approved the text without a vote, on 29 October.


Draft resolution VII, on the review and implementation of the activities of the United Nations Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa (document A/C.1/65/L.58), would have the Assembly appeal to the international community to support the efforts undertaken by the States concerned to implement disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes.  Also, the Assembly would, by the text, urge the States members of the Standing Advisory Committee, in accordance with Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), to include a gender-equality dimension in the various meetings of the Committee relating to disarmament and international security.


The Committee approved the draft without a vote, on 29 October.


The Assembly was then expected to take up a report on the review of the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth special session (document A/65/412) containing three draft resolutions.


Draft resolution I, on the Report of the Conference on Disarmament (document A/C.1/65/L.57/Rev.1), would have the Assembly, convinced that the Conference, as the sole multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international community, has the primary role in substantive negotiations on priority questions of disarmament, reaffirm that role and express its appreciation for the strong support expressed for the Conference by Ministers for Foreign Affairs and other high-level officials at the high-level meeting on revitalizing the Conference’s work and taking forward multilateral disarmament negotiations, held on 24 September.


The Assembly would take into account the overwhelming call for greater flexibility with respect to commencing substantive work of the Conference without further delay on the basis of a balanced and comprehensive programme of work, as reflected in document CD/1864, and would endorse the call by Member States at the high-level meeting, reflected in the Secretary-General’s summary, for the Conference to adopt a programme of work at the earliest possible date during its 2011 session.


The Assembly would welcome the decision of the Conference to request the current President and incoming President to conduct consultations during the intersessional period.  It would request all States members of the Conference to cooperate with the Presidents in their efforts to guide the Conference to the early commencement of substantive work, including negotiations, in its 2011 session.  It would request the Secretary-General to continue to ensure and strengthen, if needed the provision to the Conference of all necessary administrative, substantive and conference support services.


By further provisions, the Assembly would request the Conference to submit a report on its work to the General Assembly at its sixty-sixth session.  It would decide to include in the provisional item of that session the item entitled “Report of the Conference on Disarmament”.


The Committee approved the inclusion of operative paragraph 2 by a separate recorded vote of 165 in favour to 1 against (Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Iran).  Operative paragraph 2 would have the Assembly express its appreciation for the strong support expressed at the high-level meeting for the Conference, and take into account the overwhelming call for greater flexibility with respect to commencing substantive work of the Conference without further delay on the basis of a balanced and comprehensive programme of work as reflected in document CD/1864.


The Committee, also by a separate recorded vote, retained operative paragraph 6 by a vote of 164 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions ( Austria, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway).  Operative paragraph 6 would request the Secretary-General to provide support to the Conference.


Then the Committee approved the draft resolution as a whole without a vote, on 29 October.


Draft resolution II, on the review of the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth special session:  Report of the Disarmament Commission (document A/C.1/65/L.9), would have the General Assembly, among other things, recommend that the Commission continue the consideration of the following items at its substantive session of 2011:  recommendations for achieving the objective of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons; elements of a draft declaration of the 2010s as the fourth disarmament decade; and practical confidence-building measures in the field of convention weapons.


The Assembly would request the Commission to meet for a period not exceeding three weeks during 2001, namely from 4 to 22 April, and to submit a substantive report to it at its sixty-sixth session.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 29 October.


Draft resolution III, on the thirtieth anniversary of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (document A/C.1/65/L.47/Rev.1), would have the Assembly welcome the thirtieth anniversary of the establishment of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research and recognize the importance, the timeliness and the high quality of the work of the Institute.  The Assembly would emphasize the importance of the Institute as a stand-alone autonomous institution that contributes, through its research, analysis and activities, to progress in disarmament and, ultimately, to reach a safer world and would appeal to all Member States to continue to make financial contributions to the Institute in order to ensure its viability and the quality of its work over the long term.


Acting without a vote, the Committee approved the draft on 29 October.


The Assembly was then expected to take up a report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/65/413) containing a draft resolution of the same name (document A/C.1/65/L.3).  The draft would have the Assembly, stressing the importance of taking confidence-building measures, in particular, the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East, in order to enhance peace and security in the region and to consolidate the global non-proliferation regime, welcome the conclusions on the Middle East of the 2010 NPT Review Conference.


The Assembly would also, by the draft, reaffirm the importance of Israel’s accession to the NPT and placement of all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards, in realizing the goal of universal adherence to the Treaty in the Middle East.  The Assembly would, by the text, call upon that State to accede to the NPT without further delay and not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons, and to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, and to place all its unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope Agency safeguards as an important confidence-building measure among all States of the region and as a step towards enhancing peace and security.


The Committee voted to retain preambular paragraph 5 by 155 in favour to 3 against (Bhutan, India, Israel), with 5 abstentions (Bhutan, Republic of the Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan).  That provision would have the Assembly recall the decision on principles and objectives for nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, in which the Conference urged universal adherence to the Treaty as an urgent priority and called on all States not yet parties to accede to it at the earliest date, particularly those States that operated unsafeguarded nuclear facilities.


In addition, the Committee voted to retain preambular paragraph 6 by 156 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 3 abstentions (Bhutan, Mauritius, Pakistan).  That term would have the Assembly recognize with satisfaction that, in the final document of the 2000 NPT Review Conference, the Conference had undertaken to make determined efforts towards the achievement of the goal of universality of the NPT, and called on those remaining outside the Treaty to accede to it, thereby accepting an international legally binding commitment not to acquire nuclear weapons and to accept IAEA safeguards on all their nuclear activities.  The Conference had also underlined the necessity of universal adherence to the Treaty and of strict compliance by all parties with their obligations under it.


The Committee then approved the draft resolution as a whole, on 26 October, by a vote of 155 in favour to 5 against (Israel, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, United States), with 8 abstentions (Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Republic of the Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, India, Panama).


The Assembly was then expected to take up a report on the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (document A/65/414) containing a draft of the same name (document A/C.1/65/L.44).  The text would have the Assembly call upon all States that had not yet done so to take all measures to become parties, as soon as possible.  It would have the Assembly call on all States to take all measures to become parties to the Convention.  The draft also expressed support for the work conducted in 2010 by the Group of Governmental Experts of the High Contracting Parties to the Convention to continue its negotiations to urgently address the humanitarian impact of cluster munitions, while striking a balance between military and humanitarian considerations.


The Committee approved the text, as orally revised, without a vote, on 27 October.


A report on strengthening of security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region (document A/65/415) contained a draft resolution by the same name (document A/C.1/64/L.30).  It would have the Assembly, expressing its concern at the persistent tension and continuing military activities in parts of the Mediterranean that hinder efforts to strengthen security and cooperation in the region, reaffirm that security in the Mediterranean is closely linked to European security as well as to international peace and security and recognize that the elimination of the economic and social disparities in levels of development and other obstacles, as well as respect and greater understanding among cultures in the Mediterranean area, will contribute to enhancing peace, security and cooperation among Mediterranean countries through the existing forums.


The Assembly would call upon all States of the Mediterranean region that have not yet done so to adhere to all the multilaterally negotiated legal instruments related to the field of disarmament and non-proliferation, this created the necessary conditions for strengthening peace and cooperation in the region.  It would further encourage all States of the region to favour the necessary conditions for strengthening the confidence-building measures among them by promoting genuine openness and transparency on all military matters, by participating, inter alia, in the United Nations system for the standardized reporting of military expenditures and by providing accurate data and information to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.


The Assembly would encourage the Mediterranean countries to strengthen their cooperation in combating terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, including the possible resort by terrorists to weapons of mass destruction.


The Committee approved the draft resolution without a vote, on 28 October.


The Assembly was then expected to take up a report on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (document A/65/416) containing a draft resolution of the same name (document A/C.1/65/L.48).  By the text, the Assembly would stress the vital importance and urgency of signature and ratification, without delay and without conditions, to achieve the Treaty’s earliest entry into force.  It would urge all States not to carry out nuclear-weapon test explosions or any other nuclear explosions, to maintain their moratoriums in that regard and to refrain from acts that would defeat the object and purpose of the Treaty, while stressing that those measures did not have the same permanent and legally binding effect as the entry into force of the Treaty.  The Assembly would further urge all States that had signed, but not yet ratified, the Treaty, in particular those whose ratification was needed for its entry into force, to accelerate their ratification processes with a view to ensuring their earliest successful conclusion.


The Committee retained preambular paragraph 6 by a separate recorded vote of 159 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, Pakistan).  Preambular paragraph 6 would have the Assembly welcome the consensus adoption of the conclusions and recommendations for follow-on actions of the 2010 NPT Review Conference, which, among other things, reaffirmed the vital importance of the entry into force of the CTBT, as a core element of the international nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime, and included specific actions to be taken in support of its entry into force.


The Committee approved the draft resolution by a recorded vote of 161 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 3 abstentions (India, Mauritius, Syria), on 26 October.


The Assembly would also consider a report on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention) (document A/65/417), containing one draft resolution of the same name (document A/C.1/64/L.20).  That text would have the Assembly call upon States parties to the Convention to participate in the implementation of decisions reached at the Sixth Review Conference.  The draft text would also have the Assembly urge States parties to continue to work closely with the implementation support unit in fulfilling its mandate. It would also have the Assembly note the proposal to hold the Preparatory Committee Meeting of the Seventh Review Conference of the Convention in April 2011 and the Seventh Review Conference itself in Geneva in December 2011.  It would request the Secretary-General to render the necessary assistance and provide such services as might be required for that Review Conference and for its preparations.


The Committee approved the draft resolution, as orally revised, without a vote, on 27 October.


The Assembly also had before it the Committee’s report on its proposed programme of work and timetable (document A/65/418), which was approved without a vote on 29 October.


The Assembly also had before it a draft decision on programme planning (document A/65/419), which was approved by the Committee without a vote on 29 October.


A report on Follow-up to the High-level Meeting held on 24 September 2010 — Revitalizing the Work of the Conference on Disarmament and Taking Forward Multilateral Disarmament Negotiations (document A/65/536) contained one draft resolution by the same name (document A/C.1/65/L.34/Rev.1). 


By that text, the Assembly would, recognizing that the political will to advance the disarmament agenda had strengthened in recent years and that the international political climate is conducive to the promotion of multilateral disarmament and moving towards the goal of a world without nuclear weapons, but nevertheless expressing grave concern about the status of the disarmament machinery, including the lack of progress in the Conference on Disarmament for more than a decade, and stressing the need for great efforts to advance multilateral disarmament negotiations, welcome the opportunity provided by the high—level meeting on revitalizing the work of the Conference on Disarmament.


The text would also have the Assembly express appreciation for the participation by Ministers for Foreign Affairs and other high-level officials in the high-level meeting, and emphasize the support voiced for the urgent need to revitalize the work of multilateral disarmament bodies and advance multilateral disarmament negotiations.  It would note with appreciation the suggestions made by Member States and the Secretary-General, with regard to revitalizing the multilateral disarmament machinery.


Further, the Assembly would decide to include in the provisional agenda of its sixty-sixth session an item entitled “Revitalizing the work of the Conference on Disarmament and taking forward multilateral disarmament negotiations”. 


The Committee approved the text without a vote, on 29 October.


Also before the Assembly under the item on strengthening of the United Nations system was a draft resolution (document A/65/L.28) and amendment (document A/65/L.30).


Action on texts


The General Assembly proceeded to action on 20 reports of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security), containing 55 draft resolutions and 3 draft decisions.  ENRIQUE OCHOA of Mexico, First Committee Rapporteur, introduced the reports.


The Assembly first took up the report on reduction of military budgets (document A/65/401), for which no proposal was put forward.


It then turned to the report on the African Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty(document A/65/402), adopting the draft resolution contained therein without a vote.


The Assembly then adopted without a vote the draft resolution contained in the report on the consolidation of the regime established by the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco) (document A/65/403).


The Assembly also adopted without a vote a draft decision contained in the report on the maintenance of international security — good neighbourliness, stability and development in South-Eastern Europe(document A/65/404).


Next, the Assembly took up the report on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security(document A/65/405), containing one draft resolution, which it adopted without a vote.


Also acting without a vote, it adopted the draft resolution contained in the report on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East (document A/65/406).


It then adopted a draft resolution contained in the report on the conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/65/407) by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to none against, with 58 abstentions.  (Please see Annex I for details of the vote.)


The Assembly next adopted the draft resolution contained in the report on the prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/65/408), by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (Israel, United States) (Annex II).


Acting without a vote, it adopted the draft decision contained in the report on the role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament (document A/65/409).


The Assembly then turned to the draft texts contained in the report on general and complete disarmament (document A/65/410).


Speaking in explanation of vote before the vote on the resolution on trafficking of small arms and light weapons and all its aspects, Mexico’s delegate, said the 2001 Programme of Action was one of the most relevant instruments in international peace and security.  It would save thousands of lives in Latin America and across the world.  While the resolution did not explicitly reflect the progress made in the Fourth Biennial Meeting of States, Mexico had joined consensus on this resolution without a vote.  Mexico reiterated its commitment to continued work with the United Nations and in upcoming related meetings, including the next Review Conference of the action plan in 2012.  He emphasized the importance of moving ahead in a timely manner.


France’s delegate said, as had had previously been emphasized in the First Committee, his delegation could not associate itself with draft resolution on the relationship between disarmament and development.  However, it did not wish to object and be an obstacle to progress in the Assembly.


Next, Iran’s delegate, also speaking before action, said resolution L.28/Rev.1 (bilateral reductions of strategic nuclear arms and the new framework for strategic relations) was not a balanced text.  The new START (Treaty for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms) lacked the principles of transparency and verifiability and was not aimed at the total elimination of nuclear weapons.  Parties only changed the status of warheads.  It seemed that cost savings had gone to modifying components and the development of more reliable warheads.


Moreover, he said, it was ironic to call it “nuclear disarmament”, while one of the parties to that Treaty had officially announced the allocation of billions of dollars for modernizing warheads.  The international community could not “turn a blind eye” to such clear facts.  In the First Committee, the 118 States of the Non-Aligned Movement had stated that a reduction in deployment could not substitute for the total elimination of nuclear weapons.  Given those reasons, Iran would not participate in the General Assembly decision on the draft resolution.


Proceeding to action on the cluster of draft texts in that report, the Assembly first adopted draft I, on regional disarmament, without a vote.


Turning to draft II, on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels, itfirst adopted operative paragraph 2 by a recorded vote of 145 in favour to 1 against (India), with 28 abstentions.  Then it adopted the text as a whole with 175 in favour to 1 against (India), with 2 abstentions (Bhutan, Russian Federation) (Annexes III and IV). 


Acting without a vote, the Assembly then adopted draft III on confidence-building measures in the regional and subregional context.


Draft IV, on implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction was adopted by a recorded vote of 165 in favour to none against, with 17 abstentions (Annex V). 


The Assembly then adopted draft V, on the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia, by a recorded vote of 144 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 36 abstentions (Annex VI).


Acting without a vote, it adopted draft VI on assistance to States for curbing the illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons and collecting them.


It then adopted draft VII, on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol, by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions (Israel, Marshall Islands, Palau, United States) (Annex VII). 


It adopted, without a vote, draft VIII, on the relationship between disarmament and development.


Draft IX, on observance of environmental norms in the drafting and implementation of agreements on disarmament and arms control, was also adopted without a vote.


The Assembly then adopted draft X on the promotion of multilateralism in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation by a recorded vote of 129 in favour to 5 against ( Israel, Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, United Kingdom, United States) with 49 abstentions (Annex VIII). 


Next, it adopted draft XI on the effects of the use of armaments and ammunitions containing depleted uranium by a recorded vote of 148 in favour to 4 against (France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States), with 30 abstentions.  (Annex IX). 


Then it took up draft XII on nuclear disarmament, adopting, first, operative paragraph 15, by a recorded vote of 168 in favour to 3 against (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Pakistan), with 7 abstentions (Estonia, France, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Former Yugoslavia Republic of Macedonia, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan) (Annex X). 


Then it adopted the draft as whole on nuclear disarmament by a recorded vote of 120 in favour to 45 against, with 18 abstentions (Annex XI).


Acting without a vote, the Assembly adopted draft XIII, on the implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction (Chemical Weapons Convention).


The Assembly then took up draft XIV on nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas.  First it adopted operative paragraph 5, by a recorded vote of 171 in favour to 2 against (India, Pakistan), with 9 abstentions (Bhutan, France, Israel, Marshall Islands, Palau, Seychelles, Tonga, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XII).


It then adopted the draft as a whole, by a recorded vote of 174 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 6 abstentions (India, Israel, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Pakistan, Palau) (Annex XIII).


The Assembly then took up draft XV towards a nuclear-weapon-free world:  accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments.  It first adopted operative paragraph 12, by a recorded vote of 167 in favour to 4 against (India, Israel, Pakistan, United States), with 4 abstentions (Bhutan, France, Seychelles, Tonga) (Annex XIV).


Then it adopted the draft as a whole, by a recorded vote of 173 in favour to 5 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, France, India, Israel, United States),with 5 abstentions (Bhutan, Federated States of Micronesia, Pakistan, Palau, United Kingdom,) (Annex XV).


Draft XVI on reducing nuclear danger was adopted by the Assembly with a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 49 against, with 14 abstentions (Annex XVI).


Next it took up draft XVII on bilateral reductions of strategic nuclear arms and the new framework for strategic relations.  It first adopted operative paragraph 7, by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against (Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Iran) (Annex XVII).


It then adopted the text as a whole without a vote. 


Draft XVIII on measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring weapons of mass destruction was adopted without a vote.


Next, it adopted draft XIX, on information on confidence-building measures on the field of conventional arms, without a vote.


The Assembly then adopted draft XX on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects, also without a vote.


Draft XXI, on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, was then adopted by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against (Pakistan), with 2 abstentions (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Syria) (Annex XVIII).


It then took up draft XXII on convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament, first adopting operative paragraph 3 by a recorded vote of 177 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (France, Israel, Palau, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XIX).


It then adopted the draft as a whole, by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions ( France, Israel, Palau, United Kingdom, United States) (Annex XX).


Turning to draft XXIII on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures, the Assembly first adopted operative paragraph 6 by a separate recorded vote of 182 in favour, to none against, with 1 abstention (Iran) (Annex XXI)


It then adopted the draft resolution as a whole without a vote.


It then adopted draft XXIV, on transparency and confidence-building measures in outer space activities, by a recorded vote of 183 in favour to none against, with 1 abstention (United States) (Annex XXII). 


Acting without a vote, it adopted draft XXV, on women, disarmament, non-proliferation and arms control and draft XVI on Mongolia’s international security and nuclear-weapon‑free status.


The Assembly then took up draft XXVII on decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems.  First, it adopted operative paragraph 1, by a recorded vote of 161 in favour to none against, with 18 abstentions (Annex XXIII).


It then adopted the draft as a whole, by a recorded vote of 157 in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom, United States), with 22 abstentions.  (Annex XXIV).


The Assembly then took up draft XXVIII on united action towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons, first adopting operative paragraph 2, by a recorded vote of 176 in favour to 4 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, Pakistan), with 1 abstention (Bhutan) (Annex XXV).


By a recorded vote of 176 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 2 abstentions (India, Mauritius), it adopted operative paragraph 8 (Annex XXVI). 


It next adopted operative paragraph 9, by a recorded vote of 176 in favour to 3 against (China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Pakistan), with 1 abstention (India) (Annex XXVII).


It then adopted the draft as a whole, by a recorded vote of 173 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 11 abstentions (Annex XXVIII).


The Assembly then adopted draft XXIX on The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation, by a recorded vote of 162 in favour to 1 against (Iran), with 17 abstentions (Annex XXIX).


Acting without a vote, it adopted draft XXX on preventing the acquisition by terrorists of radioactive sources.


Next, it adopted preambular paragraph 12 of draft XXXI on preventing and combating illicit brokering activities, by a recorded vote of 181 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 2 abstentions (Iran, Syria) (Annex XXX).


It adopted draft XXXI as a whole by a recorded vote of 183 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 1 abstention (Iran) (Annex XXXI).


By a recorded vote of 133 in favour to 28 against, with 23 abstentions, the Assembly adopted draft XXXII on follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons (Annex XXXII).


Acting without a vote, it adopted draft XXXIII on the United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education.


Also acting without a vote, it adopted a draft decision on missiles.


Speaking after action, Colombia’s representative requested inclusion in the list of co-sponsors of the draft on “transparency and confidence building measures of outer space activities”.


After action, Niger’s delegate clarified his vote on draft XV, “Towards a nuclear weapon free world:  accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments”, saying he had voted in its favour, including for operative paragraph 12 of the text. 


Nicaragua’s delegate, speaking in explanation of vote on the text on the Mine-Ban Convention, said his delegation would have voted in favour of the text.


Iceland’s delegate wished to correct his vote on the text on “conventional arms control”, saying he had intended to abstain.


The Assembly then turned to the draft texts contained in the report on review and implementation of the Concluding Document of the Twelfth Special Session of the General Assembly (document A/65/411).


Nigeria’s delegate, ahead of the vote, made an oral amendment to operative paragraph 2 of resolution L.55/Rev.1 on “United Nations disarmament fellowship, training and advisory services”.  He expressed hope that the change would be adopted by consensus.


Acting without a vote, it adopted draft I on the United Nations regional centres for peace and disarmament and draft II on the United Nations Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean.


The Assembly then adopted draft III on a convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons, by a recorded vote of 124 in favour to 49 against, with 11 abstentions (Annex XXXIII). 


Acting without a vote, it adopted draft IV on the United Nations Disarmament Information Programme.


Taking on board Nigeria’s amendment, it adopted, as orally revised, draft V on the United Nations disarmament fellowship, training and advisory services.


Draft VI, on the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific was then adopted without a vote, as was draft VII, on review and implementation of the activities of the United Nations Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa.


Bolivia’s delegate wished to modify technical errors in draft resolution III.


The President interrupted to say all such matters would be considered at the end of the debate.


The Assembly then turned to the draft texts contained in the report on review of the implementation of the recommendations and decisions adopted by the General Assembly at its tenth special session (document A/65/412).


It took up draft I on the Report of the Conference on Disarmament, first adopting operative paragraph 2, by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against ( Pakistan), with 1 abstention ( Iran) (Annex XXXIV).


Next, it adopted operative paragraph 6, by a recorded vote of 179 in favour, to none against, with 4 abstentions ( Austria, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway) (Annex XXXV).


Then it adopted the draft as a whole, without a vote.


Draft II, on the Report of the Disarmament Commission, was adopted without a vote, as was draft III, on the thirtieth anniversary of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research.


Bolivia’s delegate requested a change in voting on draft III, saying he had voted in favour of that text.


Iran’s delegate said his Government had not participated in the Assembly’s decision on the Report of the Conference of Disarmament, based on reasons outlined in the First Committee.


The Assembly then took up the report on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/65/413) and the draft of the same name contained therein.  First it adopted preambular paragraph 5, by a recorded vote of 175 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 3 abstentions (Bhutan, Côte d’Ivoire, Pakistan) (Annex XXXVI).


Next, it adopted preambular paragraph 6 of that text by a recorded vote of 175 in favour to 2 against (India, Israel), with 4 abstentions (Bhutan, Mauritius, Côte d’Ivoire, Pakistan) (Annex XXXVII).


The Assembly then adopted the draft as a whole, by a recorded vote of 172 in favour to 6 against (Israel, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, United States), with 8 abstentions (Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, India, Madagascar, Panama) (Annex XXXVIII).


The Assembly then took up a report on the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (document A/65/414), adopting the draft resolution contained therein, without a vote.


Also without a vote, the Assembly adopted the draft resolution contained in the report on strengthening of security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region (document A/65/415).


Speaking after action, Iran’s delegate said his Government had not participated in the decision on “strengthening of security and cooperation in the Mediterranean region”, based on reasons outlined by his delegation in the First Committee.


The Assembly then took up the report on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (document A/65/416) containing a draft resolution of the same name. 


First the Assembly adopted preambular paragraph 6, by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, Mauritius, Pakistan) (Annex XXXIX).


It then adopted the draft as a whole, by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea), with 3 abstentions (India, Mauritius, Syria) (Annex XL).


The Assembly then took up the report on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction (Biological Weapons Convention) (document A/65/417), and adopted without a vote the draft resolution contained therein. 


On the revitalization of the work of the General Assembly (document A/65/418), the Assembly adopted the proposed programme of work and timetable of the First Committee for 2011, without a vote. 


The Assembly then took note of the report on programme planning (document A/65/419).


The Assembly then took up the report on the Follow-up to the High-level Meeting held on 24 September 2010 — Revitalizing the Work of the Conference on Disarmament and Taking Forward Multilateral Disarmament Negotiations (document A/65/536) and adopted, without a vote, the draft resolution contained therein.


The Assembly then resumed consideration, begun earlier in the session, of its item on “Strengthening of the United Nations system”, turning its attention to a plenary-generated draft resolution entitled “United Nations in Global Governance” (document A/65/L.28).


Introducing the draft resolution on “United Nations in Global Governance” (document A/65/L.28/Rev.1), Chile’s representative said an oral amendment had been agreed upon, adding the following wording:  “Reaffirming the role of the General Assembly on global matters of concern to the international community, as set out in the Charter of the United Nations”.  He said the text had received broad support from developing and developed nations alike.


He trusted the process that the draft set in motion would advance in the same spirit, noting that the text added a sub-item entitled “Central role of the United Nations system in global governance” to the Assembly’s sixty-sixth session.  Without prejudice to future debates on the issues, the text underscored the vital need for an inclusive, transparent and effective multilateralism, and recognized the United Nations universality and central role in finding solutions to collective challenges. 


With that, the Assembly adopted, as orally amended and by consensus, adopted the resolution entitled “United Nations in Global Governance”.


Speaking in explanation of position, Cuba’s delegate said the text just adopted was particularly important for developing countries.  The choice today was clear:  allow for the most important decisions on global governance to be taken by an exclusive club of countries or foster true multilateralism, especially in the General Assembly.  The United Nations was the only forum for developing countries to exercise their right to contribute on an equal playing field.  There was an historic responsibility to ensure the United Nations ability to lead in the area of global governance.


Cuba had submitted various amendments to the text, he said, but in an effort to reach agreement, it had decided not to insist on its proposals and gave priority to those proposals underscoring the Assembly’s role in global governance.  Nonetheless, today’s decision to include language presented by Cuba was important, as it set forth the Assembly’s authority on matters of global importance.  It was a clear step forward from the text originally proposed and, for that reason, Cuba had been able to join consensus.


Algeria’s delegate expressed satisfaction with the adoption of the resolution, as amended, saying he was convinced that the changes to the draft were consistent with the theme adopted by the sixty-fifth session.  He looked forward to contributing constructively to the implementation of the draft.


In a point of order, Belgium’s delegate, on behalf of the European Union, wished to have the French text brought in line with the English text.  He said he had prepared a statement to be given on behalf of the European Union, however, Belgium, as a co-sponsor of the resolution, was not allowed to deliver an explanation of vote, but he asked if he could speak on the Union’s behalf.


The Assembly President said the idea was to speak, and he gave Belgium’s delegate the floor.


Taking the floor again, Belgium’s delegate, on behalf of the European Union, said the Union was pleased to join the consensus on the important resolution before the Assembly, and welcomed the opportunity to deepen the Assembly’s reflection on the ways the United Nations could play an effective and key role in managing global challenges.  The Union was ready to bring an active contribution to the debate.


In addition, one of its member States, France, would be chairing the Group of 20 (G-20) until the next summit in November 2011, he said.  The Union, therefore, would do its utmost to enhance cooperation between the United Nations and the G-20, with a view to promoting a strongly cooperative approach to globalization and enabling the United Nations system to better tackle emerging global challenges.


Russian Federation’s representative pointed out that in the Russian text, operative paragraph 2 differed from the English version and he hoped that would be taken into account when it was issued to the Assembly.


The Assembly President responded that those issues would be considered.


France’s representative said that in the French translation of operative paragraph 3, line 4 of the text, the word “system” was missing.  It should have read “United Nations system”, a matter which had been the topic of considerable previous debate.


Closing out the meeting, Assembly President JOSEPH DEISS, of Switzerland, thanked the States that had drawn up the resolution and those that had supported it.  He was proud that the Assembly had been able to quickly draw up a resolution on the very important question he had raised during the general debate.  He was convinced that global governance — and both United Nations and General Assembly’s roles in particular — were now at a key turning point.  It was critical that the Assembly had found the resources to affirm that.  It was an incentive for him to continue strengthening the Assembly’s role in global governance.


ANNEX I


Vote on Negative Security Assurances


The draft resolution on conclusion of effective international arrangements to assure non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons (document A/65/407) was adopted by a recorded vote of 119 in favour to none against, with 58 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  Albania, Andorra, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.


Absent:  Benin, Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Italy, Kiribati, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Rwanda, Somalia, Swaziland, Uganda, Zimbabwe.


ANNEX II


Vote on Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space


The draft resolution on prevention of an arms race in outer space (document A/65/408) was adopted by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  Israel, United States.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Italy, Kiribati, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Rwanda, Somalia, Uganda.


ANNEX III


Vote on Conventional Arms Control, Operative Paragraph 2


Operative paragraph 2 of the draft resolution on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 145 in favour to 1 against, with 28 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  India.


Abstain:  Albania, Andorra, Austria, Benin, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.


Absent:  Armenia, Bhutan, Burundi, Chad, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Italy, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Micronesia (Federated States of), Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda, Viet Nam.


ANNEX IV


Vote on Conventional Arms Control


The draft resolution as a whole on conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 175 in favour to 1 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  India.


Abstain:  Bhutan, Russian Federation.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Cuba, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Italy, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda, Viet Nam.


ANNEX V


Vote on Mine-Ban Convention


The draft resolution on implementation of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 165 in favour to none against, with 17 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Libya, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Syria, United States, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Italy, Kiribati, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX VI


Vote on Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone


The draft resolution on establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 144 in favour to 3 against, with 36 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  France, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Belgium, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Monaco, Montenegro, Myanmar, Netherlands, Norway, Palau, Poland, Portugal, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Micronesia (Federated States of), Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX VII


Vote on 1925 Geneva Protocol


The draft resolution on measures to uphold the authority of the 1925 Geneva Protocol (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  Israel, Marshall Islands, Palau, United States.


Absent:  Armenia, Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Micronesia (Federated States of), Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX VIII


Vote on Promotion of Multilateralism


The draft resolution on promotion of multilateralism in the area of disarmament and non-proliferation (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 129 in favour to 5 against, with 49 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Israel, Micronesia (Federated States of), Palau, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Samoa, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Tonga, Uganda.


ANNEX IX


Vote on Effects of Use of Depleted Uranium


The draft resolution on effects of the use of armaments and ammunitions containing depleted uranium (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 148 in favour to 4 against, with 30 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  France, Israel, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Micronesia (Federated States of), Palau, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Sao Tome and Principe, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, China, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX X


Vote on Nuclear Disarmament, Operative Paragraph 15


Operative paragraph 15 of the draft resolution on nuclear disarmament (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 168 in favour to 3 against, with 7 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, Pakistan.


Abstain:  Estonia, France, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan.


Absent:  Armenia, Burundi, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Israel, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Namibia, Nauru, Turkmenistan, Uganda.


ANNEX XI


Vote on Nuclear Disarmament


The draft resolution as a whole on nuclear disarmament (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 120 in favour to 45 against, with 18 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Palau, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, India, Ireland, Japan, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, New Zealand, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Serbia, Sweden, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Turkmenistan, Uganda.


ANNEX XII


Vote on Nuclear-Weapon-Free Southern Hemisphere, Operative Paragraph 5


Operative paragraph 5 of the draft resolution on nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 171 in favour to 2 against, with 9 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  India, Pakistan.


Abstain:  Bhutan, France, Israel, Marshall Islands, Palau, Seychelles, Tonga, United Kingdom, United States.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XIII


Vote on Nuclear-Weapon-Free Southern Hemisphere


The draft resolution as a whole on nuclear-weapon-free southern hemisphere and adjacent areas (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 174 in favour to 3 against, with 6 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  France, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  India, Israel, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Pakistan, Palau.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XIV


Vote on Accelerating Implementation of Disarmament Commitments, Operative Paragraph 12


Operative paragraph 12 of the draft resolution entitled Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world:  accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 167 in favour to 4 against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia.


Against:  India, Israel, Pakistan, United States.


Abstain:  Bhutan, France, Seychelles, Tonga.


Absent:  Benin, Burundi, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Mauritius, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, Niger, Palau, Uganda, Zimbabwe.


ANNEX XV


Vote on Accelerating Implementation of Disarmament Commitments


The draft resolution as a whole entitled Towards a nuclear-weapon-free world:  accelerating the implementation of nuclear disarmament commitments (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 173 in favour to 5 against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, France, India, Israel, United States.


Abstain:  Bhutan, Micronesia (Federated States of), Pakistan, Palau, United Kingdom.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XVI


Vote on Reducing Nuclear Danger


The draft resolution on reducing nuclear danger (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 121 in favour to 49 against, with 14 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Benin, China, Georgia, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Serbia, Tajikistan.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XVII


Vote on Bilateral Reductions of Strategic Nuclear Arms, Operative Paragraph 7


Operative paragraph 7 of the draft resolution on bilateral reductions of strategic nuclear arms and the new framework for strategic relations (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Pakistan.


Abstain:  Iran.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Israel, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Syria, Uganda.


ANNEX XVIII


Vote on Fissile Material Ban Treaty


The draft resolution on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Pakistan.


Abstain:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Syria.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Iran, Israel, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XIX


Vote on Fourth Special Session of the General Assembly on Disarmament, Operative Paragraph 3


Operative paragraph 3 of the draft resolution on convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 177 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  France, Israel, Palau, United Kingdom, United States.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Micronesia (Federated States of), Namibia, Nauru, Uganda, Uzbekistan.


ANNEX XX


Vote on Fourth Special Session of the General Assembly on Disarmament


The draft resolution as a whole on convening of the fourth special session of the General Assembly devoted to disarmament (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  France, Israel, Palau, United Kingdom, United States.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda, Uzbekistan.


ANNEX XXI


Vote on Consolidation of Peace through Practical Disarmament, Operative Paragraph 6


Operative paragraph 6 of the draft resolution on the consolidation of peace through practical disarmament measures (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 182 in favour to none against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  Iran.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXII


Vote on Transparency and Confidence-building in Outer Space


The draft resolution on transparency and confidence-building measures in outer space activities (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 183 in favour to none against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  United States.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXIII


Vote on Decreasing Operational Readiness of Nuclear Weapons, Operative Paragraph 1


Operative paragraph 1 of the draft resolution on decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 161 in favour to none against, with 18 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  Albania, Andorra, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Hungary, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Marshall Islands, Netherlands, Pakistan, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, United Kingdom.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, Palau, Uganda, United States.


ANNEX XXIV


Vote on Decreasing Operational Readiness of Nuclear Weapons


The draft resolution as a whole on decreasing the operational readiness of nuclear weapons systems (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 157 in favour to 3 against, with 22 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  France, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  Albania, Andorra, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Netherlands, Palau, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Monaco, Namibia, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXV


Vote on United Action towards Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, Operative Paragraph 2


Operative paragraph 2 of the draft resolution on united action towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 176 in favour to 4 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, Pakistan.


Abstain:  Bhutan.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, Republic of Korea, Syria, Uganda.


ANNEX XXVI


Vote on United Action towards Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, Operative Paragraph 8


Operative paragraph 8 of the draft resolution on united action towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 176 in favour to 1 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.


Abstain:  India, Mauritius.


Absent:  Burundi, Cape Verde, Chad, Cuba, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Iran, Kiribati, Namibia, Nauru, Samoa, Syria, Uganda.


ANNEX XXVII


Vote on United Action towards Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, Operative Paragraph 9


Operative paragraph 9 of the draft resolution on united action towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 176 in favour to 3 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  China, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Pakistan.


Abstain:  India.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Iran, Israel, Kiribati, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, Syria, Uganda.


ANNEX XXVIII


Vote on United Action towards Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons


The draft resolution as a whole on united action towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 173 in favour to 1 against, with 11 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.


Abstain:  Brazil, China, Cuba, India, Iran, Israel, Mauritius, Myanmar, Pakistan, South Africa, Syria.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Namibia, Uganda.


ANNEX XXIX


Vote on Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation


The draft resolution on The Hague Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 162 in favour to 1 against, with 17 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Iran.


Abstain:  Algeria, Bahrain, Bolivia, China, Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Lebanon, Mexico, Nicaragua, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nauru, Saudi Arabia, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam.


ANNEX XXX


Vote on Preventing and Combating Illicit Brokering, Preambular Paragraph 12


Preambular paragraph 12 of the draft resolution on preventing and combating illicit brokering activities (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 181 in favour to 1 against, with 2 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.


Abstain:  Iran, Syria.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXXI


Vote on Preventing and Combating Illicit Brokering


The draft resolution as a whole on preventing and combating illicit brokering activities (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 183 in favour to 1 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.


Abstain:  Iran.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXXII


Vote on Advisory Opinion of International Court of Justice on Nuclear Weapons


The draft resolution on follow-up to the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons (document A/65/410) was adopted by a recorded vote of 133 in favour to 28 against, with 23 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, Palau, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  Andorra, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Benin, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, Iceland, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Norway, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Monaco, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXXIII


Vote on Convention on Nuclear Weapons


The draft resolution on convention on the prohibition of the use of nuclear weapons (document A/65/411) was adopted by a recorded vote of 124 in favour to 49 against, with 11 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Albania, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palau, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Moldova, Romania, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.


Abstain:  Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Marshall Islands, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Serbia, Uzbekistan.


Absent:  Bolivia, Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXXIV


Vote on Report of the Conference on Disarmament, Operative Paragraph 2


Operative paragraph 2 of the draft resolution on the report of the Conference on Disarmament (document A/65/412) was adopted by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against, with 1 abstention, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Pakistan.


Abstain:  Iran.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kiribati, Nauru, Syria, Uganda, Uzbekistan.


ANNEX XXXV


Vote on Report of the Conference on Disarmament, Operative Paragraph 6


Operative paragraph 6 of the draft resolution on the report of the Conference on Disarmament (document A/65/412) was adopted by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to none against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  Austria, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway.


Absent:  Armenia, Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Nauru, Uganda, Uzbekistan.


ANNEX XXXVI


Vote on Risk of Nuclear Proliferation in Middle East, Preambular Paragraph 5


Preambular paragraph 5 of the draft resolution on the risk of nuclear proliferation in Middle East (document A/65/413) was adopted by a recorded vote of 175 in favour to 2 against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  India, Israel.


Abstain:  Bhutan, Côte d’Ivoire, Pakistan.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Liberia, Madagascar, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXXVII


Vote on Risk of Nuclear Proliferation in Middle East, Preambular Paragraph 6


Preambular paragraph 6 of the draft resolution on the Risk of Nuclear Proliferation in Middle East (document A/65/413) was adopted by a recorded vote of 175 in favour to 2 against, with 4 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  India, Israel.


Abstain:  Bhutan, Côte d’Ivoire, Mauritius, Pakistan.


Absent:  Angola, Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Madagascar, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Uganda.


ANNEX XXXVIII


Vote on Risk of Nuclear Proliferation in the Middle East


The draft resolution as a whole on the risk of nuclear proliferation in the Middle East (document A/65/413) was adopted by a recorded vote of 172 in favour to 6 against, with 8 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Israel, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Palau, United States.


Abstain:  Australia, Cameroon, Canada, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, India, Madagascar, Panama.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Uganda.


ANNEX XXXIX


Vote on Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, Preambular Paragraph 6


Preambular paragraph 6 of the draft resolution on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (document A/65/416) was adopted by a recorded vote of 178 in favour to none against, with 5 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  None.


Abstain:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, India, Israel, Mauritius, Pakistan.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Kiribati, Nauru, Syria, Uganda.


ANNEX XL


Vote on Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty


The draft resolution as a whole on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (document A/65/416) was adopted by a recorded vote of 179 in favour to 1 against, with 3 abstentions, as follows:


In favour:  Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia (Federated States of), Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Thailand, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe.


Against:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.


Abstain:  India, Mauritius, Syria.


Absent:  Burundi, Chad, Dominica, Equatorial Guinea, Grenada, Iran, Kiribati, Nauru, Uganda.


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For information media • not an official record