5065th Meeting (AM)
Security Council briefed on objectives of November Conference
great lakesregion, positive results expected
Secretary-Generalís Representative Notes Series of Upcoming
Africa, Welcomes Increased Participation by Countries in Region
An extensive preparatory process that had seen the participation of an expanded core group of countries, the United Nations and civil society representatives would culminate with the holding next month in Dar es Salaam of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, the Security Council was told this morning.
At a Council meeting to brief members on the preparations for the Conference, to be held on 19 and 20 November, Ibrahima Fall, the Secretary-Generalís Special Representative for the Great Lakes region, said there had been many developments since the Council had met last November on the International Conference.† Regional preparatory meetings had taken place in
and Bujumbura , and a third such meeting would take place just prior to the summit in Kinshasa . Kampala
The convening of an International Conference on the Great Lakes Region ďat an appropriate timeĒ had been supported by the Council on various occasions in the decade since the Councilís adoption of a presidential statement on Rwanda in 1994 (document S/PRST/1994/59).† Co-organized by the United Nations and the African Union, the objective of the International Conference is to establish a regional framework for adopting a stability, security and development pact around four main areas, namely, peace and security, democracy and good governance, economic development and humanitarian issues.
With the holding of two major meetings in
Africain the course of the same week, Africawould be given very special attention, he said, referring to the Councilís decision yesterday to hold a meeting on the on 18 and 19 November in Sudan .† The preparatory regional process had yielded a number of results, including a political one.† The number of core members had increased first from six, then to seven and now to 11, including Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, and Zambia. Nairobi
Another result of the preparatory process had been the emergence of consensus on a number of delicate issues, he continued.† Priority areas had been identified for discussion by the International Conference, including peace and security, democracy and development, economic development and regional integration and humanitarian and social issues.† In a war-ravaged region, education for peace had also emerged as a priority issue.† Combating pandemic diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis would also be a focus of the International Conference, which would end with the adoption of Declaration of Principles on the Consolidation of Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region.
An inter-ministerial committee would be set up after the November summit, to follow a programme of action and work on protocols for implementing the
Declaration.† In that context, the second summit, to be held in Dar es Salaam in 2005 would then be prepared. Nairobi
The meeting began at and adjourned at
Briefing by Secretary-Generalís Special Representative for
IBRAHIMA FALL, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for the
Great Lakes, recalled that on 20 November 2003the Council had held a special working meeting to consider the Secretary-Generalís report.† There had been many developments since that meeting.† In less than one month, heads of State and government would be gathering for the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region on 19 and 20 November in .† By a happy coincidence, the Council would be holding an important meeting in Dar es Salaam Africa-- on the -- at the same time.† In the course of that week, therefore, Sudan Africawould be given very special attention.
summit in November would be followed by another summit in 2005, he continued.† That summit would also be part of the International Conference.† After the second summit, an agreement on security, stability and peace in the Dar es Salaam Great Lakesregion would be adopted.† The main objective of the first summit would be to adopt a Declaration of Principles on the Consolidation of Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region.† It would also instruct the setting up of a Standing Inter-Ministerial Committee for the period between the two summits.† The Declaration was currently being prepared. Dar es Salaam
Since the Councilís last meeting, preparatory meetings had been held at the regional level, he said.† The first meeting had taken place in
in September 2004, the second in October in Bujumbura .† There would be a third preparatory meeting from 8 to 10 November in Kinshasa .† Special ad hoc thematic meetings had also been held at the regional level to allow for the participation of women, young people and non-governmental organizations in the preparatory process.† Religious groups, trade unions and parliamentarians had also organized special meetings.† An initial draft Declaration had been considered in Kampala and would be finalized in Kinshasa , before being submitted to a meeting of foreign ministers just before the summit. Kampala
The preparatory regional process had yielded several results, including a political one, he said.† There had been a geographical increase in the number of members in the conference, moving from seven to 11 core members, including
, Angola , Burundi , Central African Republic , Democratic Republic of the Congo , Republic of the Kenya , Congo , Rwanda , Sudan , United Republic of Tanzania, and Uganda .† That was important for ensuring the logic and coherence of the conference, as the goal was to involve everyone involved in the Zambia Great Lakesregion.† Another result of the meeting had been the tendency towards consensus on a number of delicate issues.† A number of priority areas had also emerged as a result of the process, including security, governance, economic development and humanitarian and social issues.
Several priority areas had been identified, including education for peace and tolerance and multiculturalism, he said.† Education for peace was crucial for a region that had suffered such upheaval as a result of war.† Combating pandemic diseases, including HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, was also a priority for the region.† The rule of law, womenís rights and promoting economic development had also been identified as priority areas.† There had also been recognition of the need to promote common strategies on the conferenceís priority themes.† Also, since borders had to play a natural role in the
Great Lakesregion, they must lay the foundations for peace by becoming a framework for political and economic cooperation.
Under the theme of peace and security, several areas had been identified, including education for peace, the common management of border issues, the involvement of social actors in conflict prevention, reconstruction and combating crime, as well as regional mechanisms for the implementation of disarmament, disengagement and reintegration.† Under the theme of democracy and development, the promotion and protection of human rights had been established as a priority area.† Under economic development and integration, the main issues were the need for clear strategies in sectors such as transport, communications, agriculture, electrical networks, food security, and reconstruction.
Continuing, he said that the
summit was to end with adoption of the Declaration, which would also include a follow-up mechanism.† An inter-ministerial committee would be set up after the summit, to follow a programme of action and work on protocols for implementing the Declaration.† In that context, the 2005 summit would then be prepared. Dar es Salaam
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