Deeply disappointed with the delay of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) in implementing its obligations under the Angolan peace process, the Security council this afternoon expressed its readiness to consider enacting trade measures against UNITA and restrictions on the travel of its personnel -- measures outlined in resolution 864 (1993) - - unless it made "substantial and genuine progress" by 20 November.
Unanimously adopting resolution 1075 (1996), the Council also extended the mandate of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) until 11 December and requested 20 November and 1 December progress reports from the Secretary-General on the peace process.
While acknowledging some positive steps, the Council called on UNITA to immediately fulfil the tasks enumerated in the "Mediation Document" formulated with the assistance of the Secretary-General's Special Representative and called for by the Lusaka Protocol of 20 November 1994. The tasks include, among others: to complete the selection of UNITA soldiers for incorporation into the Angolan armed forces; to stem the flow of deserters from quartering areas; to dismantle all command posts of UNITA military forces; to cooperate fully with UNAVEM in the extension of State administration throughout Angola; to return all elected deputies to the National Assembly; and to cease interference with United Nations aircraft flights and with mine-clearing activities.
Under the terms of resolution 864 (1993), the Council also imposed an arms and oil embargo against the territory of Angola not controlled by the Government and the Council today called on all States to implement the provisions of that resolution vigorously and strictly. It expressed concern that the failure to do so by States, especially those neighbouring Angola, was inconsistent with the peace process and undermined economic recovery.
The Council regretted the failure of the leader of UNITA to attend the 2 October Summit meeting of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)
and urged him to meet at the earliest opportunity with the President of Angola to resolve all outstanding issues.
Also under the terms of today's resolution, the Council demanded that all concerned take the necessary measures to ensure the safety of United Nations and other international personnel and premises in Angola and to guarantee the safety and freedom of movement of humanitarian supplies throughout the country. It indicated serious concern about UNITA's interference with mine-clearing activities and expressed regret for the casualties caused to UNAVEM troops by land-mines.
The meeting, which began at 3:48 p.m., was adjourned at 3:53 p.m.
The text of the resolution adopted by the Council reads as follows:
"The Security Council,
"Reaffirming its resolution 696 (1991) of 30 May 1991 and all subsequent relevant resolutions,
"Having considered the report of the Secretary-General dated 4 October 1996 (S/1996/827),
"Welcoming the Summit of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Organ on Politics, Defense and Security, which took place in Luanda on 2 October 1996, and nothing the communiqué issued at that time (S/1996/841), annex),
"Welcoming also the Ministerial delegation of the SADC Organ on Politics, Defense and Security to the Security Council to participate in its consideration of the situation in Angola,
"Reaffirming its commitment to preserve the unity and territorial integrity of Angola,
"Reiterating the importance it attaches to full implementation by the Government of Angola and the Uniao Nacional para a Independencia Total de Angola (UNITA) of the "Acordos de paz" (S/22609, annex), the Lusaka Protocol (S/1994/1441, annex) and relevant Security Council resolutions,
"Underlining the need for respect for human rights, and stressing the need for the Angolan parties to give greater attention to preventing incidents of human rights abuse, and investigating alleged human rights violations,
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"Emphasizing also the importance of a continued and effective United Nations presence in Angola with a view to fostering the peace process and advancing the full implementation of the "Acordos de Paz" and the Lusaka Protocol,
"Welcoming the efforts of the Secretary-General, his Special Representative and personnel of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III), the three observer States to the Angolan peace process, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the SADC, and the international community as a whole, and encouraging them to continue their efforts to promote peace and security in Angola,
"1. Welcomes the report of the Secretary-General dated 4 October 1996;
"2. Expresses deep concern at the lack of significant progress in the peace process over the past three months;
"3. Expresses concern that the protracted delay in the beginning of the demobilization of UNITA personnel from the quartering areas has set the process behind schedule so that progress will be made more difficult by the onset of the rainy season;
"4. Stresses that it is imperative that UNITA personnel be moved rapidly from the quartering areas, in light of the strains which the prolonged presence of UNITA personnel in quartering areas is placing on the political process, on morale in the camps, and on United Nations finances, and in light of the need to reintegrate expeditiously into the civilian community those not selected for incorporation into the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA);
"5. Emphasizes that continuing delays and unfulfilled promises, in particular on the part of UNITA, in implementing the successive timetables for the completion of key military and political issues are no longer acceptable;
"6. Welcomes the efforts of the Government of Angola to implement the provisions of the Lusaka Protocol, and encourages the Government of Angola to continue making progress in that direction;
"7. Acknowledges as positive steps the arrival in Luanda of UNITA generals for duty in the FAA, the registration of over 63,000 UNITA troops in quartering areas, the surrender of additional heavy weapons in September, the selection of approximately 10,000 UNITA troops for incorporation into the FAA, the beginning of the demobilization of underaged personnel on 24 September 1996 and the submission by UNITA of their proposal regarding the special status of the leader of UNITA;
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"8. Decides to extend the mandate of UNAVEM III until 11 December 1996;
"9. Welcomes the Summit of the SADC Organ on Politics, Defense and Security, which took place in Luanda on 2 October 1996, regrets the failure of the leader of UNITA to attend the Summit and seize the opportunity for a more rapid advancement of the process, and expresses support for the continuing efforts of the heads of State and Government of the SADC to accelerate the peace process in Angola;
"10. Urges the President of Angola and the leader of UNITA to meet at the earliest opportunity in Angola to resolve all outstanding issues;
"11. Expresses the expectation that the Government of Angola and UNITA will, without delay, and in a spirit of mutual cooperation, uphold strictly their obligations under the Lusaka Protocol and the commitments they entered into at the meeting between the President of Angola and the leader of UNITA in Libreville, Gabon, on 1 March 1996;
"12. Expresses deep disappointment with UNITA for delaying the full implementation of the Lusaka Protocol, underlines the importance it attaches to UNITA fulfilling its commitments, reaffirmed at its Third Extraordinary Congress held at Bailundo from 20 to 27 August 1996, to complete its transformation from an armed opposition to a political party, and, to this end, calls upon UNITA immediately to fulfil the following tasks enumerated in the "Mediation Document" formulated by the Secretary-General's Special Representative in consultation with the representatives of the observer States and called for by the Lusaka Protocol:
"(a) To complete substantially the selection of 26,300 UNITA soldiers for incorporation into the FAA;
"(b) To stem the flow of deserters from quartering areas and to continue to return those soldiers who have deserted;
"(c) To register in the quartering areas UNITA policemen who have remained in the areas vacated by UNITA military forces;
"(d) To dismantle all command posts of UNITA military forces;
"(e) To issue a formal, written declaration that all UNITA soldiers have been quartered and that UNITA has no more weapons and military equipment in its possession, in order to remove any obstacles to the extension of State administration throughout Angola;
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"(f) To cooperate fully with UNAVEM and the Joint Commission in the extension of State administration throughout Angola;
"(g) To make available other generals and high-ranking military officers for duty in the FAA, as well as the UNITA officials designated to take up posts in the State administration at the national, provincial, and local levels;
"(h) To return all elected deputies to the National Assembly;
"(i) To cease interference with United Nations aircraft flights and with mine-clearing activities;
"(j) To cooperate in good faith with the Government of Angola to finalize the transformation of its radio station into a non-partisan station;
"(k) To complete the training of UNITA personnel for the protection of UNITA leaders; and
"(l) To establish the free circulation of people and goods.
"13. Expresses its readiness to consider the imposition of measures, including, inter alia, those specifically mentioned in paragraph 26 of resolution 864 (1993) of 15 September 1993, unless, by 20 November 1996, the Secretary-General has reported that UNITA has made substantial and genuine progress in fulfilling its tasks in the "Mediation Document" and its commitments under the Lusaka Protocol;
"14. Welcomes the continuation of the programme for the disarmament of the civilian population by the Government of Angola, and stresses the need for its full and effective implementation, including disarmament of the Civilian Defence Corps;
"15. Urges the Government of Angola and UNITA to take all necessary steps for completion of the formation of the FAA, in particular the establishment of integrated headquarters, for the planned and orderly movement of UNITA personnel from the quartering areas in accordance with the Lusaka Protocol, for the orderly transition of demobilized troops to civilian life, for all elected members of Parliament to take their seats in the National Assembly, for constitutional issues to move forward in the spirit of national reconciliation, for the formation of a Government of Unity and National Reconciliation, and for the incorporation of UNITA personnel into the government, military, and Angolan National Police (ANP), without the imposition of undue qualifications;
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"16. Reiterates its concern over the acquisition of weapons contrary to paragraph 12 of resolution 976 (1995) of 8 February 1995 which undermines confidence in the peace process;
"17. Reaffirms the obligation of all States to implement fully the provisions of paragraph 19 of resolution 864 (1993) of 15 September 1993, calls upon all States to take the necessary actions to implement the provisions of paragraphs 19-25 of resolution 864 vigorously and strictly, and expresses deep concern that the failure by States, especially those neighbouring Angola, to do so is inconsistent with the peace process and undermines economic recovery;
"18. Demands that all parties and others concerned in Angola take all necessary measures to ensure the safety of United Nations and other international personnel and premises and to guarantee the safety and freedom of movement of humanitarian supplies throughout the country;
"19. Condemns the actions by UNITA with regard to United Nations aircraft flights on 8 September 1996, 15 September 1996,and 21 September 1996, and reminds the parties to extend full cooperation to UNAVEM III at all levels;
"20. Expresses regret for the casualties caused to UNAVEM troops by land-mines, expresses serious concern about interference by UNITA with mine- clearing activities, calls upon both parties to intensify their demining efforts, and stresses the need for continued commitment to peace by destruction of stockpiles of land-mines;
"21. Strongly urges Member States to provide promptly the financial resources necessary to facilitate the demobilization and social reintegration of ex-combatants through the United Nations consolidated inter-agency appeal for Angola;
"22. Urges the international community to fulfil expeditiously its pledges to provide assistance to facilitate the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the Angolan national economy and the resettlement of displaced persons, and stresses the importance of such assistance at this time in order to consolidate the gains in the peace process;
"23. Takes note of the Secretary-General's intention to initiate the downsizing of UNAVEM military forces by the end of December 1996 pursuant to resolution 976 (1996) of 8 February 1995 which stated, inter alia, the expectation that UNAVEM III would complete its mission by February 1997, and to submit recommendations regarding the role the United Nations should continue to play in Angola to consolidate the peace process, including his plans for further draw-down of formed military units of UNAVEM III;
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"24. Requests the Secretary-General to report by 20 November 1996 and by 1 December 1996 on the progress made towards consolidating the peace process in Angola;
"25. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter."
As it met this afternoon, the Security Council had before it a report of the Secretary-General (document S/1996/827) in which he recommended that only a short extension of the mandate be considered, perhaps until 11 December. The Council would then review the situation and respond to continuing delays in the peace process, especially by UNITA. The document covers the major developments in Angola since 27 June, the date of the last report by the Secretary-General on Angola. (For further details, see Press Release SC/6277 of 10 October.)
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