Central and Southern Governorates
From May 1996 through 20 March 2003, the Government of Iraq was responsible for implementing the
Oil-for-Food Programme only in the 15 central and southern governorates.
At the start of each phase(*) of the Programme, the Government
submitted a Distribution Plan for the consideration
and approval of the United Nations Secretary General. The plan
covered the bulk purchase of food and basic medical items for the
entire population in the central, southern and northern governorates.
In the northern governorates the UN agencies were responsible for
assessing the humanitarian needs of the population beyond these bulk
items and for ordering supplies and equipment for the population
through the Oil-for-Food Programme on behalf of the Government of
Iraq. The Distribution Plan included:
- a list of supplies and equipment to be purchased/imported
during a given phase;
- a budget for implementing the programme during that phase;
- the proposed allocation for activities in each sector.
The main responsibility of the United Nations in the centre and
south under Security Council Resolution 986 (1995) and the
Memorandum of Understanding signed with the Government of Iraq in
May 1996, was to:
- confirm that there has been equitable distribution of
humanitarian supplies to the Iraqi population nationwide;
- ensure the effectiveness of the operation and determine the
adequacy of the available resources to meet Iraq's humanitarian
UN observation was organized by sector. Each sector had observers
from the Office of the Humanitarian Coordinator for Iraq (UNOHCI)
and the lead UN agency for that sector. From the inception of the
Oil-for-Food Programme until 20 March 2003, there were some 1.2 million
observations. The cooperation of the Government of Iraq with the
observation process was generally satisfactory.
The capacity of the Oil-for-Food Programme was seriously
challenged however by a cumulative oil revenue shortfall dating from
phase VIII (9 June-5 December 2000) through phase XII (30 May - 25
November 2002). As a result, some 3,600 UN-approved humanitarian
supply contracts for the central and southern governorates, worth
some $7.1 billion, were unfunded.
Shortfall - Central and Southern Governorates
(9 May 2003)
(million US dollars)
|water and sanitation
(*)The Oil-for-Food Programme is in its thirteenth
phase which started on 2 December 2002 and ends on 3 June 2003.
about the Programme