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eleanor roosevelt

1884-1962
United States of America
Chairperson of the Commission
on Human Rights


First lady of the United States of America from 1933 to 1945, Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt was appointed, in 1946, as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly by United States President Harry S. Truman. She served as the first Chairperson of the UN Human Rights Commission and played an instrumental role in drafting the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. At a time of increasing East-West tensions, Mrs. Roosevelt used her enormous prestige and credibility with both superpowers to steer the drafting process towards its successfull completion. In 1968, she was awarded, posthumously, the UN Human Rights Prize.

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