Russian alphabet, sound system, rules for reading, intonation patterns, main grammar concepts are introduced. Much attention is given to oral-aural skills. Communicative approach is in focus. Students learn how to greet people; get acquainted; ask about locations; express alternatives, likes and dislikes; describe objects. By the end of the level, students are able to talk about their families, relationships, work and home, about a variety of activities happening in the present. They know three cases out of six; declensions of adjectives, personal and possessive pronouns; 1st and 2nd conjugations of verbs in the present tense form.
Students expand their vocabulary learning to talk about everyday life events in the present and in the past: discussing sports, weather, age, choosing professions, destinations, going places, means of transportation; using time expressions. Cardinal numbers are introduced. Verb system is in focus: past tense form; aspects (imperfective versus perfective); verbs of motion. New cases of nouns and adjectives are added. More attention is given to reading comprehension and writing skills.
Communicative skills are further developed while more topics for classroom discussions are added, such as: describing ones origin, appearances and character traits; talking about international and Russian holidays; congratulating people on special occasions; reading street signs and giving directions. Students are able to read and analyze short authentic newspaper articles; to compose a simple personal for a newspaper. More patterns are introduced to express uncertainty, agreement/ refusal; formal and informal complimenting and declining offerings. New grammar concepts include future tense form, imperatives, verbs of motion with prefixes, short adjectives. Case system remains in focus.
Students lengthen their spoken and written discourse on the everyday life experiences talking about shopping, celebration of special family events; discussing prices; making comparisons; expressing doubts, concerns, reassurance, permission, enthusiasm or regret; correcting a wrong assumption; asking and telling time (formal/ informal). More grammar structures are introduced, such as comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives and adverbs; ordinal numbers; aspects of verbs in respect of frequency, duration, simultaneity and completion of actions.
More issues are offered for oral and written assignments. Students are able to talk about their college experience, childhood memories, marriages, weddings and family members, their pets; describe their daily activities; express different emotions,apologies intentions; indicate dates of events; tell the exact and approximate time; fill out simple forms; write personal and formal letters. New grammar concepts include use of cases with certain prepositions and with numbers; verb aspects in the past tense form and in negative sentences; reported speech.
Students improve their command of the language by learning to discuss such topics as different systems of education, customs and traditions in modern Russia, place of living, ones appearances and character traits, housekeeping. They familiarize themselves with verbs of learning, verbs of putting, time expressions. In terms of grammar categories, participants continue to learn how to use verb aspects with reflexive, one-time, sequential actions as well as in the future tense form. More attention is given to cases of nouns, adjectives and special modifiers used in impersonal constructions, to denote quantity and with certain prepositions.
Although this level assists in the development of all language skills, reading and writing are in focus. Students are able to describe ones trip to another city/country, sightseeing, historical and architectural monuments; make plans for a week-end/vacations; compare life in the city versus countryside; give and seek recommendations regarding traveling; discuss city traffic including traffic jams, violation; explain in detail how to reach certain destination on foot and by transport. More grammar structures are introduced, such as long and short forms of active and passive participles, verbal adverbs. Verbs of motion with and without prefixes are given special attention.
Range of topics for classroom activities and home assignments expands to those related to climate, natural disasters (earthquakes, floods, droughts); health and diseases; restaurants and cuisine; sport activities; arts, literature and cinema; clothes and parts of the human body. In grammar terms, emphasis is made on adjectives and adverbs (comparative and superlative degree, long/short adjectives); verb aspects in imperative; subjunctive mood; pronouns and adjectives with specific particles.
The main goal of this last level is consolidation of the students reading, writing, listening and speaking skills. Expanding of vocabulary is in focus. Writing skills imply ability to discourse on the issues touched upon in the previous levels. More emphasis is made on individual approach to students' demands. Teaching materials include Practice LPE Tests and Lab Manual which help students to better prepare themselves for the Proficiency Examination. Grammar is discussed when and if necessary.
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