Cambodia - UNTAC

Prepared by the Department of Public Information, United Nations. This text was last updated effective 31 August 1996.

Not an official document of the United Nations.

UNITED NATIONS TRANSITIONAL AUTHORITY IN CAMBODIA


LOCATION: Cambodia

HEADQUARTERS: Phnom Penh

DURATION: March 1992 - September 1993

STRENGTH: Approximately 22,000 military and civilian personnel

FATALITIES: 78 (4 military observers, 41 other military personnel, 14 civilian police, 5 international civilian staff and 14 local staff)

EXPENDITURES: $1,620,963,300 (UNAMIC and UNTAC combined)

FUNCTION: Established to ensure the implementation of the Agreements on the Comprehensive Political Settlement of the Cambodia Conflict, signed in Paris on 23 October 1991. Under the Agreement, the Supreme National Council of Cambodia (SNC) was "the unique legitimate body and source of authority in which, throughout the transitional period, the sovereignty, independence and unity of Cambodia are enshrined". SNC, which was made up of the four Cambodian factions, delegated to the United Nations "all powers necessary" to ensure the implementation of the Agreements. The mandate given to UNTAC included aspects relating to human rights, the organization and conduct of free and fair general elections, military arrangements, civil administration, the maintenance of law and order, the repatriation and resettlement of the Cambodian refugees and displaced persons and the rehabilitation of essential Cambodian infrastructure during the transitional period. Upon becoming operational on 15 March 1992, UNTAC absorbed UNAMIC, which had been established immediately after the signing of the Agreements in October 1991. UNTAC's mandate ended in September 1993 with the promulgation of the Constitution for the Kingdom of Cambodia and the formation of the new Government

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