Haiti - UNSMIH

Prepared by the Department of Public Information, United Nations
Not an official document of the United Nations

UNITED NATIONS SUPPORT MISSION IN HAITI



  • Background paper
  • Map
  • LOCATION
    Haiti
    HEADQUARTERS
    Port-au-Prince
    DURATION
    July 1996 to June 1997
    FUNCTION
    To assist the Government of Haiti in the professionalization of the police and in the maintenance of a secure and stable environment conducive to the success of the current efforts to establish and train an effective national police force. In establishing UNSMIH, the Security Council also supported the role of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General in the coordination of activities by the United Nations system to promote institution-building, national reconciliation and economic rehabilitation in Haiti
    AUTHORIZATION
    Security Council resolutions
  • 1063 (1996) of 28 June 1996
  • 1085 (1996) of 29 November 1996
  • 1086 (1996) of 5 December 1996
  • STRENGTH
    On 10 July 19971,525 military and civilian police personnel, including 225 civilian police and 1,300 military personnel. Of the 1,300 military personnel, 800 were voluntarily funded. Mission personnel also included some 103 international and 148 local civilian staff and some 14 United Nations Volunteers
    Authorized by
    resolution 1086 (1996)
    300 civilian police and 500 troops
    (The military component also included an additional 800 troops provided on the basis of voluntary funding, for a total of 1,300 military personnel.)
    Authorized by
    resolution 1063 (1996)
    300 civilian police and 600 troops
    (The military component also included an additional 700 troops provided on the basis of voluntary funding, for a total of 1,300 military personnel.)

    FATALITIES
    None

    FINANCING
    Method of financingAssessments in respect of a Special Account
    Estimated expenditures$56,105,000 (gross)
    from inception of mission through 30 June 1997
    Budget estimate for July 1997
    and for the liquidation of the Mission
    $15,091,000 (gross)
    inclusive of $561,000 for the support account for peacekeeping operations
    BACKGROUND
    The Security Council established the United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH) by its resolution 1063 (1996) of 28 June 1996. In setting up UNSMIH, the Council underlined the need to support the commitment of the Government of Haiti to maintain the secure and stable environment established by the Multinational Force in Haiti (September 1994--March 1995) and extended with the assistance of the United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) (September 1993--30 June 1996).

    Earlier, on 5 June 1996, the Secretary-General had made a number of recommendations regarding the role of the United Nations in Haiti after UNMIH's mandate expired. The Secretary-General shared the view of the Haitian authorities that the presence and assistance of the international community continued to be required in Haiti to support the Haitian National Police (HNP) and to consolidate the progress achieved by the Haitian people after the restoration of democracy. The Friends of the Secretary-General for Haiti -- Argentina, Canada, Chile, France, the United States and Venezuela -- also expressed their support for the position of the Haitian authorities and their interest in adjusting the operations of the United Nations to reflect the new realities on the ground.

    According to the Secretary-General, it was clear that HNP was still not in a position to ensure, on its own, the stable and secure environment required for the consolidation of democratic rule; complete withdrawal of the United Nations military and police presence could jeopardize the success achieved until then. He therefore recommended the establishment of a new Mission -- UNSMIH -- with a mandate limited to the tasks specified above.

    The Council decided that UNSMIH would initially be composed of 300 civilian police personnel and 600 troops. In addition, 700 voluntarily funded military personnel were provided to serve with UNSMIH. UNSMIH's initial mandate period extended until 30 November 1996.

    On 13 November, the President of Haiti, Mr. René Préval, requested the extension of the UNSMIH mandate. The Secretary-General had already reported to the Council that despite some improvement in the security situation in Haiti and in the capacity of HNP to confront challenges, HNP had not yet reached the level of experience and confidence required to control and defeat threats posed by subversive groups. It was clear that the presence of the UNSMIH military element was a key factor in the ability of the Haitian authorities to contain the danger of destabilization by forces threatening democracy. In the Secretary-General's view, the presence of UNSMIH continued to be required to give the international programme of support the firm foundation necessary to ensure its success, to allow for an orderly transfer to the Haitian authorities of the functions being carried out by the Mission, and to consolidate the considerable investment made by the international community in the restoration of democracy in Haiti.

    The Security Council decided by its resolution 1086 (1996) to extend UNSMIH's mandate until 31 May 1997 with a maximum strength of 300 civilian police personnel and 500 troops. The Council also decided that, if the Secretary-General reported by 31 March 1997 that UNSMIH could make a further contribution to the consolidation of democracy in Haiti and the revitalization of the country's system of justice, UNSMIH's mandate would be further extended, for a final time, following a review by the Council. Based on the the Secretary-General's statement to the Council of 24 March 1997 (see S/1997/244, para. 38), UNSMIH's mandate was extended, for a final time, until 31 July 1997.



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