According to
Security Council resolution 968 (1994) of 16 December 1994,
UNMOT had the following mandate:

The United Nations Mission of Observers to Tajikistan - UNMOT - was originally established by the United Nations Security Council in resolution 968 (1994), adopted on 16 December 1994, with a view to assisting the Joint Commission, composed of representatives of the Tajik Government and of the Tajik opposition, to:

  • monitor the implementation of the Agreement on a Temporary Ceasefire and the Cessation of Other Hostile Acts on the Tajik-Afghan Border and within the Country for the Duration of the Talks;
  • investigate reports of ceasefire violations and report on them to the United Nations and to the Joint Commission;
  • provide its good offices as stipulated in the Agreement; to maintain close contact with the parties to the conflict, as well as close liaison with the Mission of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (now the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and with the Collective Peacekeeping Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in Tajikistan and with the border forces;
  • provide support for the efforts of the Secretary-General's Special Envoy; and to provide political liaison and coordination services, which could facilitate expeditious humanitarian assistance by the international community.

On 14 November 1997,
the Security Council expanded the mandate of UNMOT by its resolution 1138 (1997) to enhance the Mission's ability
to assist in the implementation of the 27 June 1997 General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan. UNMOT was entrusted to:

  • provide good offices and expert advice; cooperate with the Commission on National Reconciliation (CNR) and its subcommissions, and with the Central Commission on Elections and the Holding of a Referendum;
  • participate in the work of the Contact Group of guarantor States and organizations and to serve as its coordinator;
  • investigate reports of ceasefire violations and report on them to the United Nations and the CNR;
  • monitor the assembly of United Tajik Opposition (UTO) fighters and their reintegration, disarmament and demobilization;
  • assist in the reintegration into governmental power structures or demobilization of ex-combatants;
  • coordinate UN assistance to Tajikistan during the transition period; and maintain close contacts with the parties, as well as cooperative liaison with the CIS Peacekeeping Forces, the Russian border forces and the OSCE Mission in Tajikistan.


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