Haiti - UNMIH

Prepared by the Department of Public Information, United Nations. This text was last updated effective 31 August 1996.

Not an official document of the United Nations.

UNITED NATIONS MISSION IN HAITI

PROFILE

LOCATION: Haiti

HEADQUARTERS: Port-au-Prince

DURATION: September 1993 - June 1996

CURRENT AUTHORIZED STRENGTH: 1,200 troops and military support personnel, and 300 civilian police; there was also a provision for approximately 160 international civilian staff, 180 local staff and 18 United Nations Volunteers

FATALITIES (30 April 1996): 6 (4 military personnel and 2 civilian police)

SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL AND CHIEF OF MISSION: Mr. Enrique ter Horst (Venezuela)

FORCE COMMANDER: Brigadier-General J. R. P. Daigle (Canada)

POLICE COMMISSIONER: Colonel Philippe Balladur (France)

CURRENT CONTRIBUTORS (30 April 1996): Algeria, Bangladesh, Canada, Djibouti, France, Mali, Netherlands, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago and United States

ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES FROM INCEPTION TO 31 MAY 1996: $315,794,700 net

FUNCTION: Originally established to help implement certain provisions of the Governors Island Agreement signed by the Haitian parties on 3 July 1993. In 1993, UNMIH's mandate was to assist in modernizing the armed forces of Haiti and establishing a new police force. However, due to non-cooperation of the Haitian military authorities, UNMIH could not be fully deployed at that time and carry out that mandate. After the restoration, in October 1994, of the Haitian Constitutional Government with the help of a multinational force led by the United States and authorized by the Security Council, UNMIH's mandate was revised to enable the Mission to assist the democratic Government of Haiti in fulfilling its responsibilities in connection with: sustaining a secure and stable environment established during the multinational phase and protecting international personnel and key installations; and the professionalization of the Haitian armed forces and the creation of a separate police force. UNMIH was also to assist the legitimate constitutional authorities of Haiti in establishing an environment conducive to the organization of free and fair legislative elections to be called by those authorities. UNMIH assumed its functions in full on 31 March 1995. Democratic legislative elections were held in summer 1995, despite some logistical difficulties. The Presidential elections were held successfully on 17 December 1995 and the transfer of power to the new President took place on 7 February 1996. Upon the receipt of the request of the President of Haiti, UNMIH's mandate was extended for the final period until the end of June 1996

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