ONUMOZ

Mozambique - ONUMOZ

Prepared by the Department of Public Information, United Nations. This text was last updated effective 31 August 1996.

Not an official document of the United Nations.

UNITED NATIONS OPERATION IN MOZAMBIQUE


PROFILE

LOCATION: Mozambique

HEADQUARTERS: Maputo

DURATION: December 1992 - December 1994

AUTHORIZED STRENGTH: 6,625 troops and military support personnel, 354 military observers and 1,144 civilian police; there were also some 355 international staff and 506 local staff; in addition, during the polling, ONUMOZ deployed approximately 900 electoral observers

FATALITIES: 24 (21 military personnel, 2 civilian police and 1 international civilian staff)

EXPENDITURES FROM INCEPTION TO 15 NOVEMBER 1994: $471,199,200

[In addition, for liquidation period from 16 November 1994 to 31 March 1995, the General Assembly appropriated $39,053,300]

FUNCTION: Established to help implement the General Peace Agreement, signed on 4 October 1992 in Rome by the President of the Republic of Mozambique and the President of the Resistência Nacional Moçambicana (RENAMO). The mandate of ONUMOZ was: to facilitate impartially the implementation of the Agreement; to monitor and verify the cease-fire, the separation and concentration of forces, their demobilization and the collection, storage and destruction of weapons; to monitor and verify the complete withdrawal of foreign forces and to provide security in the transport corridors; to monitor and verify the disbanding of private and irregular armed groups; to authorize security arrangements for vital infrastructures; and to provide security for United Nations and other international activities in support of the peace process; to provide technical assistance and monitor the entire electoral process; to coordinate and monitor humanitarian assistance operations, in particular those relating to refugees, internally displaced persons, demobilized military personnel and the affected local population. After successful presidential and legislative elections in October 1994, and the installation of Mozambique's new Parliament and the inauguration of the President of Mozambique in early December, ONUMOZ's mandate formally came to an end at midnight on 9 December 1994. The Mission was formally liquidated at the end of January 1995

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