30 June 1997 to
26 February 1999
Established by the Security Council on 30 June 1997 by adopting resolution 1118(1997) to be operational as of 1 July 1997, MONUA was was set up to assist the Angolan parties in consolidating peace and national reconciliation, enhancing confidence-building and creating an environment conducive to long-term stability, democratic development and rehabilitation of the country. MONUA's tasks included working towards completion of the demobilization process, incorporation of ex-combatants of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) into the Angolan Armed Forces (FAA) and the Angolan National Police (ANP), integration of UNITA personnel in all levels of State administration, elimination of all impediments to free circulation of people and goods, as well as disarmament of the civilian population.
According to the original plan, United Nations military personnel would be gradually withdrawn as State administration was extended throughout the country. MONUA's civilian police component would continue to verify the neutrality of the ANP, the incorporation of UNITA personnel into the national police, as well as the quartering and occasional deployment of the rapid reaction police. The unit would also monitor the collection of weapons from civilians, supervise their proper storage or destruction and oversee security arrangements for UNITA leaders. After the withdrawal of the main infantry units, a reduced number of military observers would be retained in Angola to investigate allegations of offensive troop movements, the presence of any UNITA armed elements and the existence of weapons caches.
The mandate of MONUA was extended by the Security Council on several occasions on recommendations contained in reports by the Secretary-General , lastly until 26 February 1999 in Council resolution 1213(1989) adopted on 3 December 1998. On 26 February 1999, the Security Council adopted resolution 1229(1999) , whereby it took note of the expiration of MONUA's mandate on the same day. Resolution 1229(1999) affirmed that notwithstanding the expiration of the mandate of MONUA, the Status of Forces Agreement applicable to MONUA remained in force until the departure of the final elements of MONUA from Angola. The human rights component of MONUA was to continue its activities during the liquidation period.
AND CHIEF OF MISSION
Mr. Issa B.Y. Diallo (Guinea)
Appointment Information: Appointed in 1998 (S/1998/730 & S/1998/731)
Major-General Seth Kofi Obeng (Ghana)
The Secretary-General estimated in a report dated 5 May 1999 (A/53/937) that the liquidation financing of MONUA during the one-year period of 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2000 required the appropriation of $7 million gross ($6.6 million net) to be authorized by the General Assembly. As advised by the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ) - (A/52/860/Add.8) - and pending a further report by the Secretary-General, the Assembly appropriated $43.6 million gross for the maintenance of MONUA during the period from 1 July 1998 to 30 June 1999 ( Press Release GA/9561 ).
The Secretary-General reported on 14 April 1999 (A/53/1999) that, for coverage of preceding budget cycles, the General Assembly, by its resolutions 52/8 A adopted on 31 October 1997, and 52/8 B of 31 March 1998, authorized a total amount of $175 million gross ($170.7 million net) to the Special Account for MONUA to operate the mission from 1 July 1997 to 30 June 1998. Assembly resolution 52/8 C, adopted on 26 June 1998, appropriated $43.60 million gross for the maintenance of the mission for the period from 1 July to 31 October 1999 ( Press Release GA/9425)).
The total resources made available to the operations in Angola, consisting of UNAVEM from its inception on 3 January 1989 to 30 June 1997 and MONUA from its inception on 1 July 1997 to 30 June 1998, amount to $1.08 billion gross ($1.06 billion net). Of that amount, credits returned to Member States amounted to about $44.4 million gross ($44 million net), of which $1.4 million represented interest and miscellaneous income. (The United Nations United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM) was established in 1989, and followed by subsequent operations (UNAVEM II and UNAVEM III). Established in 1997, MONUA assumed responsibility for all components and remaining assets of UNAVEM III.)
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