Haiti - MICIVIH
Prepared by the Department of Public Information, UnitedNations. This text was last updated effective 31 August 1996.
Not an official document of the United Nations.
INTERNATIONAL CIVILIAN MISSION IN HAITI - MICIVIH
In April 1993, the UN General Assembly authorized UN participation in MICIVIH, jointly with the Organization of American States (OAS).
With the agreement of Haiti's constitutional authorities and the de facto regime, MICIVIH
was to verify respect for human rights as laid down in the Haitian Constitution and
in the international instruments to which Haiti was a party, in particular, the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the American Convention on Human Rights. The
mission's deployment in the Haitian provinces began in March 1993. MICIVIH staff were
evacuated for security reasons in October 1993, following the Harlan County incident and the
assassinatin of Haiti's Justice Minister. The mission resumed in January 1994 but the de facto
authorities expelled MICIVIH in July 1994. The mission resumed in October after President
Aristide's return. Although separate and distinct from UNMIH, MICIVIH worked closely
with UNMIH, and particularly with its civilian police monitors.
MICIVIH devoted special attention to the observance of the rights to life, to the
integrity and security of the person, to personal liberty, to freedom of expression and of
association. The mission also examined allegations of human rights violations and undertook
a human rights public information and education campaign. At its peak, in September 1995,
MICIVIH had some 200 international staff, including 102 UN human rights observers of
whom 26 were United Nations Volunteers. MICIVIH's work continues, with an emphasis on
human rights education and institution-building, especially with regard to the judiciary,
prisons and the new police.